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Dr.O final exam study guide
Terms in this set (73)
Rehabilitation of an injured athlete is a group effort that includes many individuals. Which of the following individuals are NOT part of the rehabilitation team?
All of the above can be members of the rehabilitation team.
Which of the following details belongs in the subjective portion of a SOAP note?
"Patient complained of dizziness following the injury"
Which structure found in the musculotendinous unit is responsible for initiating the stretch reflex due to its ability to detect sudden increases in muscle length?
The Biopsychosocial Model of Sport Injury Rehabilitation incorporates all of the following aspects except:
Which of the following is not an innate psychological need (according to Self-Determination Theory)?
Sense of internal drive
Which of the following is not a useful psychosocial strategy?
"The ability of a tissue to deform over time while a constant load is imposed" refers to which property of muscle tissue?
Which of the following would be the most ideal method of increasing muscle temperature prior to a stretching program?
10 minutes on a stationary bike
During ankle plantarflexion, which of the following muscles acts as an antagonist muscle?
Which of the following techniques uses handheld tools to help break down scar tissue and fascial restrictions?
Instrumented Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization
An increase in the number of muscle fibers is positively correlated with an increase in strength of that muscle. What term is used to describe an increase in the number of muscle fibers?
Which of the following lift programs would be the most appropriate if the programmatic goal is to increase muscular endurance?
3 sets of 15 repetitions, low weight, 30 seconds rest between sets.
What is the name of the phase of plyometric motion that refers to the phase between eccentric preload and concentric contraction?
How much rest is recommended between plyometric training sessions?
Which of the following terms refers to the action of a bi-articular muscle simultaneously contracts eccentrically at one joint while contracting concentrically at another joint?
Which of the following is an example of an open chain exercise for the knee?
Straight leg raise
Which of the following is an example of a closed chain exercise for the shoulder?
Push up plus
Which of the following groups of muscles is not a force couple in the upper extremity?
Pectoralis major; pectoralis minor
As healing progresses, the intensity of rehabilitation exercises should increase.
A true cause and effect relationship between flexibility and injury has been established, meaning that decreased flexibility is a direct cause of increased occurrence of injuries.
Plyometric training desensitizes the golgi tendon organ. This means that greater amounts of tension can be generated by the muscle before the golgi tendon organ is activated (thereby delaying inhibition). This leads to an overall increase in force production.
For plyometric training exercises, weight can only be added if it does not slow down the speed of performance.
Reversibility and concurrent shift are hallmark concepts of open chain exercises.
When compared to eccentric contractions, greater amounts of force can be generated through concentric contractions.
What does the acronym SAID stand for when referring to the SAID principle?
Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands
Name two different reasons (or times) why an athletic trainer may conduct an evaluation on a patient AFTER the initial evaluation at the time of injury.
The patient was guarding so you couldn't get a good test at the initial time of injury. To see if anything has changed (swelling, discoloration, etc.)
Give two examples of over-adherence to rehabilitation.
Doing too many reps of an exercise. Not following limitations (ex: not walking on crutches when they should be)
Define each of the following muscle contraction terms. Concentric,eccentric, isometric , isokinetic
Concentric-contraction causing muscle to shorten
Eccentric- contraction causing muscle to lengthen
Isometric-contraction resulting in no change in muscle length
Isokinetic-Muscles contract and shorten at a constant speed
How is volume measured in a plyometric exercise?
Number of foot contacts
Differentiate between the terms "muscular strength", "muscular endurance", and "power".
Muscular strength- can you do the exercise
Muscular Endurance-How much of the exercise can you do for a long period of time
Power- can you do the exercise and how quick you can do it
Describe how activation of the muscle spindles contributes to the overall force production in plyometric exercise.
Muscle spindles restrict lengthening of the muscle. If the muscle lengthens, that causes an increase in the series electric component which ultimately increases the overall force production.
Describe how activation of the golgi tendon organs may lead to a decrease in overall force production in plyometric exercise.
GTO's detect tension change in the muscle, causing the relaxation of the muscle to decrease tension. If tension decreases the overall force production will decrease. This is why the GTO's will be desensitized so the relaxation takes longer to occur
Which of the following pairs of words are synonymous terms?
Physiological motion and osteokinematic motion
Which is not a component of accessory motion?
Traction techniques involve applying a force that is..
perpendicular to the treatment plane
Which of the following is not a basic PNF strengthening technique?
Isometric hold maximum
Which of the following is not a PNF stretching technique?
Fast reversal hold
Which term refers to the situation in which agonist muscles receive excitatory impulses while antagonist muscles simultaneously receive inhibitory impulses, allowing for fluid and effective motion?
Which of the following is the BEST exercise option to maintain cardiorespiratory fitness immediately following a grade 3 ankle sprain?
Upper body ergometer
Which of the following is the formula for calculating cardiac output(Q)?
Which blood pressure measurement should increase proportionally during an exercise bout?
According to our textbook, how many muscles attach to the core?
Which anterior/posterior pair of core muscles can simultaneously contract to generate girdle-like muscular support in the core?
Transverse abdominis and multifidus
What core technique should be learned and mastered before progression with any core training program?
Which of the following is a type of tenomuscular mechanoreceptor?
Golgi Tendon Organ
Which type of mechanoreceptor detects length and rate of changes in muscles?
Which type of nerves carry sensory information to the central nervous system?
Body position In relation to gravity is sensed by each of the following EXCEPT:
Which of the following is the most appropriate single progression of a balance exercise?
Single-Leg stance(eyes open) to double-leg stance (eyes closed)
Which of the following is not a component of the Balance Error Scoring System (BESS)?
Physiological motion is the motion of articular surfaces relative to one another.
If the convex surface is moving and the concave surface is stationary, glide and roll will occur in the same direction.
When utilizing PNF strengthening techniques, proper coaching of form is important. However, verbal cues are rarely used to encourage proper technique.
During exercise, blood is shunned away from the muscles and towards the digestive tract.
VO2max is a measurement of how much oxygen you inhale during inspiration, which is directly related to cardiorespiratory fitness.
In core stabilization programs, quality is valued over quantity.
Repetition of sport-specific drills may enhance feed-forward neuromuscular control.
Quick-adapting mechanoreceptors provide continuous feedback pertaining to joint position as long as a stimulus is present .
The body is a kinetic chain.
What is an accepted formula for general prediction of maximum heart rate?
Differentiate between proprioception and kinesthesia.
Proprioception is the conscious and unconscious awareness of joint position. Kinesthesia is the awareness of joint motion.
You utilize a D2 shoulder pattern to increase strength in your patient. You provide resistance as the patient moves from D2 flexion into D2 extension, then apply an isometric hold at the end of the movement for several seconds. You then have the patient reverse this movement and apply another isometric hold at the end of their movement pattern. Which form of PNF strengthening is this?
Slow reversal hold
You choose to utilize a PNF stretching technique to improve hamstring flexibility in a patient. You passively move their hip into maximal flexion, while keeping the knee in full extension. You then ask the patient to contract their hamstrings as you provide resistance, allowing the hip to move back to anatomical position. Upon reaching this point, you ask them to relax as you again passively move their hip into maximal flexion. Which technique did you just use?
When the shoulder is in maximal D2 flexion, which 3 movements has the shoulder performed? (Hint: Think flexion vs extension, abduction vs. adduction, and internal rotation vs. external rotation).
Flexion, abduction, external rotation.
Name three things that would be considered as "errors" when conducting a balance error scoring system (BESS) test.
Hands lifted off iliac crests
Step, stumble, or fall
Moving hip into more than 30 degrees of flexion or abduction
Lifted forefoot or heel
Remaining out of testing position for more than 5 seconds
Buoyancy is the water's counteraction of gravity's upward pull.
Which type of force is generated at the front end of an object during movement through the water?
Which of the following aspects of an aquatic facility would make it inadequate for athletic rehabilitative purposes?
The pool is 9 ft x 12 ft
You have a football player that is recovering from ACL reconstruction. The patient reaches a point in her rehabilitation where she can engage in non-contact agility exercises. You decide to allow her to begin going through the pre-practice warmup/stretch routine with the rest of the team and then she completes her exercises while her teammates practice. Which psychological issue are you primarily addressing by allowing her to do the team warmup?
A female soccer athlete is returning to play from her second ACL reconstruction of her left knee. She is 4 months post-operation, is pain-free, and has no swelling. She has full ROM and the strength of her left quads/hamstrings are within 5% of the contralateral side. She has successfully completed all of her functional testing. However, her surgeon believes that 4 months is too early to return to play from her operation and won't release her for full participation. Based on this information, is the patient allowed to play in a game yet?
No, release from the operating surgeon is required before full return to play.
Name one of the functional tests for the upper extremity that were discussed in class.
One-Arm Hop Test, CKC Upper Extremity Stability Test, Single Arm Shotput Test,Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test
Name two of the functional tests for lower extremity that were discussed in class.
Carioca test, vertical jump,hopping test,co-contraction semicircular test
As the body submerges deeper into water, what happens to the body's perceived weight?
The body's perceived weight is smaller than what it actually is as the body submerged deeper into water. It is equal to the amount of water that is displaced
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