37 terms

APES Chapter 10 Vocabulary

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Tragedy On Commons
An economics theory by Garrett Hardin which states that individuals who are acting independently and rationally according to each one's self-interest will behave contrary to the whole group's long-term best interests by depleting some common resource.
Externality
An economic side effect of a good or service that generates benefits or costs to someone other than the person deciding how much to produce or consume
Maximum Sustainable Yield
The maximum amount of any resource that can be produced without limiting the population.
National Parks
One form of reserve that is intended to protect natural and scenic areas of national or international significance for scientific, educational and recreational use
Managed Resources Protected Areas
Category 6 of the IUCN of protected areas
Habitat/Species Management Areas
Conservation through management intervention (e.g., Bayou Sauvage Nat'l Wildlife Refuge and Big Branch NWR [USF&WS]; water levels managed to help seed plants used for duck food during migration & winter).
Strict Nature Reserves
Areas established to protect species and ecosystems.
Protected Landscapes and Seascapes
Areas combined with the nondestructive use of natural resources with oppurtunities for tourism and recreation (orchards, villages, beaches)
National Monuments
Areas set aside to protect unique sites of special natural or cultural interest.
Resource Conservation Ethic
management of non-hazardous and hazardous solid waste including landfills and storage tanks.
Multiple-Use Lands
A U.S. classification used to designate lands that may be used for recreation, grazing, timber harvesting, and mineral extraction.
Bureau of Land Management
A federal bureau within the Department of the Interior which manages and controls certain lands owned by the United States.
US Forest Service
A federal agency that manages public lands in national forests and grassland.
National Parks Service
Created in 1916 as a new federal bureau in the Department of Interior. Given the responsibility to administer the national parks and monuments. Currently administers 385 sites.
Fish and Wildlife Service
A United States government agency that helps protect animals and is in charge of listing animals under the endangered speices act amongst other duties.
Rangelands
Grasslands and open woodlands suitable for livestock grazing.
Overgrazing
Destruction of vegetation caused by too many grazing animals consuming the plants in a particular area so they cannot recover.
Clear-Cutting
Method of timber harvesting in which all trees in a forested area are removed in a single cutting.
Selective Cutting
Cutting down only some trees in a forest and leaving a mix of tree sizes and species behind.
Sustainable Forestry
The use and management of forest ecosystems in an environmentally balanced and enduring way.
Tree Plantation
A large area typically planted with a single rapidly growing tree species.
Reforestation
The restoration (replanting) of a forest that had been reduced by fire or cutting.
Fire Management
A strategy to control the rate of production of smoke and heat by controlling combustion process through suppression/ containment and reducing smoke spread.
Prescribed Burn
.A fire deliberately set under controlled conditions in order to reduce the accumulation of dead biomass on a forest floor.
Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Areas
An area of land set aside to protect animals and other living things.
NEPA
Committee established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment.
Environmental Impact Study
Statement required by Federal law from all agencies for any project using federal funds to assess the potential affect of the new construction or development on the environment.
Suburban Lands
An area that typically surrounds the central city, often residential but not as densely populated.
Exurban Lands
An area similar to a suburb, but unconnected to any central city or densely populated area.
Urban Sprawl
The process of urban areas expanding outwards, usually in the form of suburbs, and developing over fertile agricultural land.
Urban Blight
The degradation of the built and social environments of the city that often accompanies and accelerates migration to the suburbs.
Induced Demand
The phenomenon in which increase in the supply of a good causes demand to grow.
Zoning Regulations
Spells out what types of buidings can be built in specific locations in a city and what they can be used for.
Transit-Oriented Development
Development that attempts to focus dense residential and retail development around stops for public transportation, a component of smart growth.
Infill
Development that fills in vacant lots within existing communities.
Urban Growth Boundaries
A regional boundary, set in an attempt to control urban sprawl by mandating that the area inside the boundary be used for higher density urban development and the area outside to be used for lower density development. Used by local governments as a guide to zoning and land use decisions.
Eminent Domain
Allows the government to take property for public use but also requires the government to provide just compensation for that property.