22 terms

Unit 2 Flashcards

STUDY
PLAY
political party
an organization of citizens who wish to influence and control government by getting their members elected
nominate
to name a candidate to run for office
candidate
a politician who is running for public office
platform
a statement of the party's official stand on major issues
plank
the individual issues that make up a party or candidate's platform
suffrage
the right to vote
Democrats
a political party that believes in government spending to support social programs like welfare and public education
Republicans
a political party that believes that government should be small and that private individuals should have the freedom to support themselves
third parties
the political parties that organize to compete against the two major American political parties
liberals
believe in change, like radicals, and high government involvement to help pay for social programs
political spectrum
the range of beliefs that people have about how our government should work and how involved it should be in people's lives
radicals
believe in major, fast political change and high government involvement
moderates
believe that some things should change, but not all things, and that government should not get involved in daily lives too much
conservatives
believe in changing very little and do not want government involved in peoples' lives
poll tax
high fees charged to people who wanted to vote in an effort to keep them from voting (repealed by the 24th Amendment)
primary election
candidates WITHIN a political party run against each other; voters select a candidate to compete in the general election
general election
Candidates from different political parties compete against each other; voters decide which candidate will get the job
popular vote
citizens vote for candidates, and the candidate with the most votes wins
electoral vote (Electoral College)
citizens vote for candidates, the candidate who wins the majority of votes in a state gets ALL of the votes for that state. The candidate who wins the most states gets elected (at least 270 electoral votes). This is process for how we elect the President of the United States.
amend
to change (especially a law)
repeal
to cancel a law officially
grant
to give (especially a right or privilege)
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