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APUSH EOC Review - Achieve Early College
Terms in this set (64)
Creator of the Constitution
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
It gave reasons why colonists were demanding independence from Britain
What did the Declaration of Independence list?
It listed grievances of American colonists against the British king
What did the Declaration of Independence argue?
It argued that the purpose of government was to protect citizens' unalienable rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
What did the Declaration of Independence justify?
It justified the overthrow of a government if the government abused people's rights
What did the U.S. constitution replace?
Articles of Confederation
What did the U.S. constitution establish?
A new national government
How many branches of government did the U.S. constitution create?
What did the U.S. constitution provide?
A set of WRITTEN principles to ensure the federal government would not be too powerful.
What principles did the U.S. constitution provide?
-Federalism - State's Rights
-Checks and Balances
-Congress cannot establish a state religion
-Congress cannot stop individuals from practicing their own religion
-Congress cannot make laws limiting someone's freedom of speech
-Congress cannot make laws limiting freedom of the press
-Congress cannot make laws prohibiting people from peacefully assembling
-People have the right to petition the government to correct wrongs
First amendment: Protection of Individual Freedoms
-Executive with a President
-Legislature with a 2 house Congress
-Judiciary with a Supreme Court
Branches of the U.S. Constitution
-2nd Amendment - Citizens' right to bear arms
-3rd Amendment - no quartering of soldiers
-4th Amendment - No unreasonable searches or seizure by government
-5th Amendment - "due process" protection, no self-incrimination
-6th Amendment - fair and impartial trials
-7th Amendment - trial by jury
-8th Amendment - No cruel or unusual punishment, no excessive bail
Bill of Rights
Frenchman who came to study the American prison systems
-Wrote "Democracy In Our Times"
Alexis de Tocqueville
When was the Bill of Rights developed?
When was the First amendment made?
-5 key characteristics of he American Democracy from Tocqueville
"Our of many comes one" - Several states united to form one nation
-E Pluribus Unum
-John Trumbull Sr.
-John Peter Muhlenburg
-Key Individuals (1770-1790)
Colonial governer who sided with the colonials against the British
John Trumbull Sr.
Clergyman who recruited soldiers to fight the British
John Peter Muhlenburg
President of the Second Continental Congress - signed Declaration of Independence
Father of American Medicine, signed Declaration of Independence
signed the Declaration, President of New Jersey College (Princeton)
Helped Write Federalist Papers, 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, negotiated boundary treaty with England
-Expansion of Railroads - Transcontinental Railroad
-Growth of Population
-Development of national market
-Free Enterprise System
-Contribution of government is limited - laissez faire
Rise of American Industry (1880)
-Individuals are free to procures and sell whatever they wish
-People go into business to make a profit
-Prices are set by supply and demand
-Inefficient companies that are unable to compete are driven out of business
Free Enterprise System
-Protecting property and contracts
-Passing protective tariffs
-Creating system of patents fostering new inventions
Contribution of government is limited - laissez faire
-Bessemer Process in Steel
-Technology: light bulbs, engines, telephone
-Captains of Industry
Great Enterpreneurs (1880)
Used ruthless tactics to destroy competition and keep worker wages low
Created new jobs and bringing advancement to business economy
Captains of Industry
Creator of U.S. Steel
-Used Gospel of Wealth
-Steel production in Pittsburgh
-Creator of Standard Oil of Ohio
-Controlled refining oil
-Forced to dissolve
-Ruthless tactics - Social Darwinism
Rise of Organized Labor (1890)
-Problems faced by workers during the Gilded Age
-Rise of Labor Unions
-Government attitude toward Unions
-Long hours, low wages
-Poor working conditions
-Lack of job security
Problems faced by workers during Gilded Age
-Knights of Labor
-American Federation of Labor
Creator of Knights of Labor
Creator of American Federation of Labor
-Believed it made prices higher
-Protected companies property
-Government attitude toward Unions
Growth of Cities
Urbanization, industrial jobs pull people to cities, skyscrapers build up, electric streetcars, changed roles for women and gave the, jobs and sense of independence
Movement of people from the farms to the cities
-Crowded tenements, no housing
-Pollution from sewage and businesses
-Lack of public services
-Diseases spread from water supplies and overcrowded conditions
Problems with Urbanization
Bosses helping immigrants and poor but stealing from government with overpriced contracts
Oppression, poverty, war, ethnic persecution
-Freedom, opportunity, cultural ties
Northern Europe, white, spoke English, Protestant
Southern Europe, brown, spoke no English, Catholic or Jewish
Assimilation by learning English, acting and behaving like Americans, usually second generation after arriving
-Discovering gold and Silver
-Klondike Gold Rush - 1896
-Transcontinental Railroad (1869)
Settling the West (1890)
When was the Homestead Act?
-Giving land to people who would move west and farm the land
-timber act 1867 and mining act 1868
-Giving land to people who would move west and cut timber or open mines
-Ranching - using the railroad to move cattle to market
-Farms - windmill wells, barbed wire, steel plow
-Massacre the buffalo for skins and sport removing the Indian food source
-Corrupt Indian Ring
-Controlled food for reservation and stole it, starving Indians.
-Assimilated tribes into individuals
-Removed children into boarding schools
-American Indian Citizenship Act
Indian Policy (1890)
When was the Dawes Act?
-Forced Indians to OWN property and maintain it - private property
When was the American Indian Citizenship Act?
-Citizenship to all Native Indians born here
American Indian Citizenship Act
When was the Agrarian Movement?
-Increased production leads to lower prices, farmers make less
-Farmers had to pat shipping, prices were controlled by railroads
-Constantly in debt, on bad harvest caused bankruptcies
-Grange Movement - reforms
-Regulations for shipping costs
-Passed Interstate Commerce Act (ICC) regulating railroads
Problems faced during the Agrarian Movement
-National 3rd party of labor, farmers, and workers
-Platform - William Jennings Bryan for president
-Silver coins and silver backing for dollar
-Direct election of senators
-Term limits for president
-Effect of 3rd party
-Outlet for minority grievances
-Pressure major parties to adopt ideas
How long did the Populist Party last?
-Make government res
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