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first translation page 394 TEST
Terms in this set (18)
In omni Gallia eorum hominum, qui aliquo sunt numero atque honore, genera sunt duo.
In all Gaul there are two kinds of those men, who are of some account an honor
in all of gaul there are two kinds of these men, who are of some number and position.
Nam plebes paene servorum habetur loco, quae nihil audet per se, nullo adhibetur consilio.
for the common people are held almost in the place of slaves, which dares nothing of through themselves, and is used for no plan.
- government isn't saying anything to the people
for the plebes are almost held in the place of slaves, who dare nothing through themselves, and are summoned to no counsel.
Plerique, cum aut aere alieno aut magnitudine tributorum aut iniuria potentiorum premuntur,
often, when they were pressed by unfavorable, or by the injustice of the more powerful when they pressed either by debt or the magnitude of taxes or the injustice of the more powerful .
sese in servitutem dicant nobilibus:
they give themselves into slavery to the nobles
quibus in hos eadem omnia sunt iura, quae dominis in servos.
for these there are all the same rights over them as for masters over slaves
among these men all the laws are the same which among masters over their slaves
Sed de his duobus generibus alterum est druidum, alterum equitum.
one is of the druids the other is of the night (calavlry) but from these two kinds one was of the druids and on was of the horsemen.
concerning these two races one is of the druids, the other is of the cavalry.
Illi rebus divinis intersunt, sacrificia publica ac privata procurant, religiones interpretantur:
those guys (the druids) involved in the divine affairs, they oversee public and private sacrifices and they interpret religious questions
Those intervene in divine matters, they care for public and private sacrifices, they interpret religious ceremonies:
those guys intervene divine affairs, they care for public and private sacrifices, and interpret religious ceremonies.
ad hos magnus adulescentium numerus disciplinae causa concurrit, magnoque hi sunt apud eos honore.
a great number of young people run together to these for the sake of learning, - and so these are of great honor among them
ABLATIVE OF DESCRIPTION
and to these men, a great number of youth for the sake of learning gather to the, and these men are of great honor
- Ablative of description
Nam fere de omnibus controversiis publicis privatisque constituunt,
for concerning almost every public and private disagreements, the druids decide,
et, si quod est admissum facinus, si caedes facta, si de hereditate, de finibus controversia est, idem decernunt,
and if any crime has been committed and if any murder has been made and if there are any dispute of inheritance, the same ones decide.
praemia poenasque constituunt;
They decide the rewards and punishments.
si qui aut privatus aut populus eorum decreto non stetit, sacrificiis interdicunt.
If any private man or people has not stood by the decree by them, they prohibit them from sacrifices
- ablative of separation
if private man or some people haven't stood by the decree by them, they prohibit them from the sacrifices.
- ablative of separation
Haec poena apud eos est gravissima.
This punishment is the most serious among them.
Quibus ita est interdictum, hi numero impiorum ac sceleratorum habentur,
the ones tow home it has been thus prohibited is considered in the number of the bad people.
these people to whom it has been thus prohibited, these people who have committed a religious crime
Thus to those whom it has been prohibited, these are held in the number of impious ones and wicked ones,ABlativeofseprartion
and to whom it has been so prohibited, these are considered to be held on the number of heights
his omnes decedunt, aditum sermonemque defugiunt,
all withdraw from these, they flee the approach and conversation,
all go away from these, they flee from (their) approach and speech,
- dative of reference
ne quid ex contagione incommodi accipiant, neque his petentibus ius redditur neque honos ullus communicatur.
purpose ne clause
so that they may not receive some injury from the contact, neither is justice returned to these people seeking it nor is any honor shared.
END HOMEWORK AHEAD
His autem omnibus druidibus praeest unus, qui summam inter eos habet auctoritatem. Hoc mortuo aut si qui ex reliquis excellit dignitate succedit, aut, si sunt plures pares, suffragio druidum, nonnumquam etiam armis de principatu contendunt. Hi certo anni tempore in finibus Carnutum, quae regio totius Galliae media habetur, considunt in loco consecrato. Huc omnes undique, qui controversias habent, conveniunt eorumque decretis iudiciisque parent. Disciplina in Britannia reperta atque inde in Galliam translata esse existimatur, et nunc, qui diligentius eam rem cognoscere volunt, plerumque illo discendi causa proficiscuntur.
Moreover one is in command of all these Druids, who has the greatest authority among them. With this (one) dead either if any of the remaining (ones) excels in merit, he succeeds (him), or if there are several equals (in merit), by a vote of Druids sometimes they even contend concerning the chief place. These at a certain time of year settle in the borders of the Carnutes, which region is held in the middle of all of Gaul, in a sacred place. To this place all from all sides, who have debates, come together and they obey the decisions and judgments of these. The teaching is believed to have been devised in Britain and from there to have been brought over into Gaul, and now, those who want to learn that thing more diligently, very often they set out to that place for the sake of learning.
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