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Arts and Humanities
Electrical Equipment and Advanced Treatments
Terms in this set (33)
i.e. loupe, magnifies the face to help the esthetician treat and analyze the skin. The lamp uses a cool fluorescent light bulb. Various powers of magnification known as diopters. Come in 3(30x), 5(50x), and 10(100x).
Developed by Physicist Robert William Woods; is a filtered black light that is used to illuminate fungi, bacterial disorders, pigmentation problems, and other skin problems.
More in-depth skin analysis, illuminating skin problems that are ordinarily invisible to the naked eye.
Wood's Lamp Skin Conditions and how they Appear
Thick corneum layer - white fluorescence
Horny layer of dead skin cells - white spots
Normal, healthy skin - blue/white
Thin or dehydrated skin - light violet/purple
Acne or bacteria - yellow or orange
Oily areas/comedones - yellow or sometimes pink/orange
Hyperpigmentation/sun damage - brown
Hypopigmentation - blue/white or yellow/green
Lightly exfoliates the skin. Also assists in the cleansing process. Brushes stimulate the skin and help soften excess oil, dirt, and cell buildup. Do not use brushes on acne, couperose, or inflamed skin.
Helps to stimulate circulation, as well as softening sebum and other debris. The warmth relaxes the skin and tissues, making it easier to extract comedones. Can be beneficial for the sinuses and congestion. Steamers with ozone(O3) may have an antiseptic effect on the skin that is beneficial for acne and problematic skin. Only distilled water because the mineral and calcium deposits in tap water can damage the machinery.
i.e. suction machine
Suctions dirt and impurities from the skin. Stimulates the dermal layer and lymphatic and blood circulation. Can be used after desincrustation and before extractions.
Can also be used in place of massage.
Do not use on inflamed, rosacea, or couperose skin.
Chemical desincrustation: causes an alkaline reaction to soften the follicles for deep cleansing. Emulsifies or liquefies sebum.
Iontophoresis: introducing a water-soluble product into the skin.
Negative Pole(Cathode) Anaphoresis: causes an alkaline reaction, softens and relaxes tissue, stimulates nerve endings, and increases blood circulation.
Positive Pole(Anode) Cataphoresis: causes an acidic reaction, tightens the skin, calms or soothes nerve endings, and decreases blood circulation.
An apparatus that uses an alternating or sinusoidal current - which is a smooth, repetitive alternating current and produces a heat effect. May be applied after extractions or used over a product. Creates ozone which has a germicidal action on the skin.
Stimulates circulation, helps oxygenate the skin, increases cell metabolism, an antiseptic and healing effect on the skin, helps coagulate and heal any open lesion after extraction by sparking it with the mushroom electrode. Generates a warm feeling that has a relaxing effect.
Spray mists are beneficial in calming and hydrating the skin. The spray machine is part of the vacuum machine and is attached via hose that is connected to a small plastic bottle with a spray nozzle. This bottle can be filled with a freshener solution or toner(1 part toner; 2 parts distilled water) to gently mist the client's face after cleansing or another treatment step, such as the massage.
Electric Mitts and Boots
Boots and mitts heat the hands and feet to increase circulation to promote overall relaxation.
Warm the mitts and/or boots for 10 minutes. Make sure the warmers do not get too hot.
Deep peels are administered by physicians, designed to penetrate deeper into the skin.
Light peels or chemical exfoliation penetrate only the epidermis; noninvasive and nonaggressive in nature; are administered by estis. Make use of glycolic acid(30% or less), lactic acid(30% or less), enzyme peels, and in some cases Jessner's Solution(1 to 3 coats).
Peels and Chemical Exfoliation Benefits
1. Improved texture of the skin, barrier function, and moisture retention.
2. Increased CRF, hydration, and intercellular lipids.
3. Reduced fine lines, wrinkles, and surface pigmentation.
4. Skin that looks and feels smoother and softer.
5. Improved skin conditions such as acne, hyperpigmentation, clogged pores, and dry skin.
6. Potentially stimulating elastin and collagen production.
A form of mechanical machine exfoliation. The machine is a powerful electronic vacuum. Achieved by spraying high-grade microcrystals across the skin's surface. Then vacuumed off after the spraying application is complete.
Used to diminish the following conditions: sun damage, pigmentation, open and closed comedones, fine lines and wrinkles, enlarged pores, and coarsely textured skin.
The vacuum mechanism stimulates cell metabolism and blood flow. Those who cannot tolerate acids may be candidates for microdermabrasion.
Treatments where product is applied on the body and then covered or wrapped up. Can remineralize, hydrate, stimulate, detoxify, or promote relaxation. Aloe, gels, lotions, oils, seaweed, herbs, clay, or mud products can all be used for wraps. Linens or plastic can be used to wrap clients to promote product penetration.
Medical devices used for hair removal and skin treatments. High-powered devices that use intense pulses of electromagnetic radiation and a single wavelength at one time.
Stimulate collagen production, reduce spider veins, reduce hair growth, or peel the skin. Some target melanin, dark hair, blood vessels, skin growths, and pigmentation.
For skin rejuvenation, heating and damaging the dermal tissue stimulates fibroblasts to repair and rebuild tissues such as collagen.
Application of light rays to the skin for the treatment of wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal. Lasers, intense pulsed light(IPL), and light-emitting diode(LED).
LED tech is nonthermal, meaning it does not use heat. Uses visible light such as blue, red or amber, and infrared(invisible). Different colors of light produce different effects on the skin. Blue is considered effective in treating acne. Amber and red are used for muscles and healing. Infrared is used for rejuvination.
The growing uses of microampere electrical neuromuscular stimulation includes healing muscles and wounds, controlling pain, and even fusing bones. Microcurrent, in the esthetics realm, is used to tone the muscles by stimulating motor nerves and contracting the muscles.
Known as wave therapy; mimics the way the brain relays messages to the muscles.
Ability to firm muscles and boost cellular activity. It improves blood and lymph circulation and can also assist with product absorption.
Designed to work in harmony with the natural bioelectrical currents found in the body.
Frequency that is above the range of sound audible to the human ear. Used for product penetration and for cellulite reduction. Ultrasound is deep-penetrating --- it stimulates tissue, increases blood flow, and promotes oxygenation. Also sends waves through the skin to assist in product penetration.
Frequency that is above the range of sound audible to the human ear.
Ultrasonic equipment is based on high-frequency mechanical oscillations produced by a metal spatula-like tool. The vibrations, created through a water medium, help cleanse and exfoliate the skin by removing dead skin cells.
Use friction to exfoliate and hydrate, increase circulation, and nourish skin using a combination of ingredients such as ground nuts, apricot kernels, cornmeal, jojoba beads, honey, salt, or sugar combined with oil or lotion.
Remineralize and detoxify the body using primarily clay, mud, or seaweed mixtures.
Spa treatment that uses water in its three forms(ice, steam, and liquid).
The treatment of physical ailments using therapeutic water baths. Mineral, mud or fango, Dead Sea salt, seaweed, enzymes, or peat are all used in baths.
Technique of using hot stones and cold stones in massage or other treatments. Facial stone massage can be incorporated into regular facials.
Technique of applying pressure to the feet based on a system of zones and areas on the feet that directly correspond to the anatomy of the body.
Estis are not usually trained in Reflexology.
Philosophy of medicine and balancing life and the body through various methods ranging from massage to eating habits.
An alternative to tanning. It is sprayed on or applied manually.
Treatment for cellulite. Helps stimulate the reduction of adipose tissue by a vacuum massage that combines a vigorous massage along with suction. Machines and other endermology methods are used in spa and in medical facilities.
Lash and Brow Tinting
Used to darken lashes and brows
Strip lashes: eyelash hairs on a strip that are applied with adhesive to the natural lash line.
Individual lashes: separate lashes applied on top of the upper lashes one at a time.
Lash extensions: synthetic or natural hairs that are applied one on one/one by one to the client's natural lashes with a special adhesive.
Process of curling the lashes. Advanced training is required. Chemical service.
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