skull, auditory ossicles, hyoid bone, vertebral column, thoracic
axial skeleton consists of what part of the body? it includes the _____, the _____ ossicles, the _____ bone, the _____ column and the ____ cage
the sella turcica on the sphenoid bone is a ______ (bone feature term) and the ______ gland is located here
auditory ossicles, temporal
the three smallest bones of the body are the ______ _____, that sit inside the ______ bones
coronal, squamous, lambdoid, saggital
the parietal bones are connected to other bones in the skull by all four sutures: the _____ suture attaches to the fronal bone, the _______ suture attaches attaches to the temporal and sphenoid bones, the _____ suture attaches to the occipital bone, and the ______ suture connects the two temporal bones
external occipital, elastic
the ______ _____ protuberance is at the back of the head and is an attachment for an _____ ligament
external accoustic meatus
the ear canal is called the ____ ____ _____. it transmits sound waves toward the eardrum.
neck muscles attach to the _______ process, which is on the ______ bone and contain ______ air cells
the _____ ______ is the process of the mandible that articuates with the temporal bone
the ____ ____ on each temporal bone provides attachment points for three muscles involved in movement of the tonge, hyoid bone, and pharynx
the ____ processes are bony ridges on the maxillae and mandible that contain the tooth sockets or bones
the nasal septum is formed by the perpendicular plate of the _____ bone, and the _____
frontal, sphenoidal, maxillary, ethmoidal
the paranasal sinuses, which connect to the nasal cavity, are the _____ sinus, the _______ sinus, the _______ sinuses and the _______ labyrinth
the superior and inferior ____ ____ are the long (shape-wise) holes/foramen in the orbits
sphenoid, palatine, zygomatic, frontal, lacrimal, ethmoid, maxilla
the seven bones surrounding the orbit are what? SPaZ FLEM
the ____ _____ is a sinus in a bone of the same name located directly posterior to the bridge of the nose
the _______ sinuses are roughly supperior to the xygomatic ridge in the bone of the same name
the ____ ______ is the larges hole in the skull and is where the spinal column connects to the brain
carotid canals, foramen magnum
blood reaches the brain through the internal carotid arteries, which pass through the ____ ____ that pass through the ____ bone, and vertebral arteries, which pass through the ___ ____.
most blood leaves the brain through the internal jugular veins, which exit through the _____ _____
olfactory foramina, cribriform plate
the olfactory nerves extend into the roof of the nasal cavity through the _______ foramina of the ________ plate
cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral/coccygeal
the four regions of the spine are ______ (1st 7 bones), ______(~ 15 bones), ______ (smaller), and the fused sets of the _____/______ regions
the spinal nerves exit through the _____ ______, which is only formed when two vertebrae come together
structures that separate the adjacent bodies of the spinal cord, made of fibrocartillage tissue
_______ notches form intervertebral foramina between two adjacent vertebrae through which nerves exit the spinal canal
the _____ foramen is a structure special to the c1-c7 vertebrae where the vertebral arteries go through
the ____ is only found on the axis. it is a process (?) that articulates with a facet of the atlas
part of the body and the vertebral arch form the ______ ______, which contains and protects the spinal cord
the ____ holds the shoulder away from the body and allows movement of the scapula, resulting in free movement of the arm
the radius articulates to the _____ of the humerus, while the ulna articulates to the ______ of the humerus
22, 8, 14
skull is composed of how many bones total? how many in the braincase/cranial cavity? How many facial bones?
part of the vertebral _____ and the vertebral ____ (pedicel and lamina) form the vertebral foramen
in the vertebrae, the ______ and ______ processes are points of muscle and ligament attachment
vertebrae articulate with one another through the superior and inferior _______ ________
the 12 thoracic vertebrae all have attachment points for _____, and are characterized by long, _____ _______ spinous processes
the five lumbar vertebrae's superior articular facets face ______, and their inferior facets face _______
scapula, radius, ulna
the humerus articulates with the head of the ______, the capitulum of the _______ and the trochlea of the _____
eight, five, three, two
there are ____ carpal bones, ____ metacarpal bones, _____ bones in each phalanx and ____ phalanges in the thumb
the _____ portion of the temporal bone contains the auditory ossicles, and connects the middle and inner ear
the medial end of the scapula is called the ______ end, and the end that attaches to the scapula is called the ______ end
The ______, aka ______ groove, is between the greater and lesser tubercles on the proximal end of the humerus?
the _____ fossa is between the medial and lateral epicondyles of the humerus on the posterior side
the _____ is a grooved articular surface on the distal end of the humerus and articulates with the ulna
the _____ and _____ fossae are on the distal end of the humerus on the anterior side
the ______ is the condyle on the lateral, distal end of the humerus and articulates with what bone(s)?
lesser, anterior proximal end
the deltoid tuberosity is basically an extension of what tubercle on what part of the humerus?
the head of the radius is on the proximal/distal end of the radius, and the head of the ulna is on the proximal/distal end of the ulna?
the _____ ______ is the projection of the distal end of the trochlear notch of the ulna
radial tuberosity, ulnar notch
what two parts, other than the head, of the radius articulate with the ulna?
symphysis pubis, sacroiliac, acetabulum
the coxal bones articulate with each other at the _____ ______, with the sacrum at the ______ joint, and with the femur at the _________
anterior iliac, ischial
muscles attach to the coxal bones at the _____ _____ spines and at the ______ tuberosities
acetabulum, patella, tibia
the femur articulates with the _____ on the coxal bones, and the _____ and ______ on the distal end.
ischium, obturator foramen
the _____ is the bone just below the acetabulum/ischium in the coxal bone. the hole formed by this bone and the pubis is called the ______ foramen
the bony protrusions we sit on, on either sides of the butt, is called the _______ _______
greater sciatic notch
the big u-shaped indention on the margin between the ischial spine and the posterior inferior iliac spine is called the _____ _____ ______
coxal, tibia, patella, fibula
the femur articulates with the ________ bone, the _____ and the _______, but NOT the ______
greater and lesser trochanters, adductor
sites of muscle attachment on the femur are the _____ ... and the _____ tubercle
the rough ridge on the back of the femur that is basically a continuation of the gluteal tuberosity is the _____ ______
the _____ groove is between the medial and lateral epicondyles on the anterior side of the femur
lateral malleolus, medial malleolus
the ankle bones are the _____ ______ of the fibula, and the ____- _______ of the tibia
the "bump" between the articular facets of the proximal tibia is called the ______ ______
and example of a fibrous joint would be the _______ that hold together the bones of the ______
an example of a fibrous, syndesmotic joint would be the one between the ____ and ______
the radioulnar syndesmosis is joined by the ______ ______ connected to ridges of the same name on each bone
types of cartilagenous joints are _______, in which the bones are joined by hyaline cartilage, and ______, in which the bones are joined by fibrocartillage
synchondroses joints are joined with ____- cartilage, while symphyses joints are joined with ____ cartilage
______ joints are capable of consideral movement, and are mostly found in the _______ skeleton
______ are extensions of synovial joints that protect (mostly) skin, tendons or bone from structures that could rub against them
a pivot joint is composed of a cylindrical projection inside a ring. give an example of a pivot joint
the joint between the atlas and the occipital condyles is an example of what type of joint?
elevation, depression, protraction, retraction, excursion, opposition, reposition, inversion and eversion are all examples of what type of movement?
glenoid cavity, humerus
and example of a joint that allows circumduction would be between what two bony structures?
______ is the movement that "pulls out", and ______ is the movement that "Pulls in"
ellipsoid, flexion, extension, rotation
the knee joint is a complex _______ joint that allows _____, ______ and slight _____ movements
dorsiflextion, plantar flexion
______ of the foot brings the toes closer to the shin, where _____ would "point" the toes