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Unit 5 and & 7 quiz and midterm Geography
Terms in this set (109)
Reactions against environmental determinism in the early 20th century gave rise to ________, the view that people use their creativity to decide how to respond to the conditions or constraints of a particular natural environment.
Nature is the physical environment; it is external to people and does not include them.
Cultural ecology is an important subfield within human geography which studies the relationship between people and the natural environment.
Favorable conditions or attributes of a place that attract migrants are known as:
When the total fertility rate (TFR) is ______, a population is said to be at the replacement level.
The rate of natural increase can be zero, as in ____________, where both the birth and death rate are 9 per 1,000.
A formal region is:
an area that possesses one or more unifying cultural or physical traits.
The World Trade Organization was created in:
Out of concern that explosive population growth would undermine the country's development, the government in this country began to promote smaller families in the 1980s.
Studies conducted in Zambia indicate that there are ______ traditional healers for every allopathic doctor in the country.
Which of the following: statements about culture is incorrect?
Culture is never tied to politics.
The significance of the reconceptualization of culture is that it:
seeks to make the practice of human geography even more vigorous.
The sociologist Anthony Giddens argues that the same technological innovations that lead to time-space convergence also create:
Across the developing world, children are considered an economic investment because they will be able to work and contribute to the family's income.
The world geography means:
to write about Earth.
Because local knowledge provides a framework for individual and community problem solving, not only on a day-to-day basis but also over the long term, it contributes to and informs _______________.
A pro-natalist population control policy involves incentives to promote population growth.
Developments in Algeria were among the first to draw attention to the problem of conflict diamonds.
The process through which multinational corporations transfer money from their home countries to foreign or host countries to finance their overseas business activities is known as:
foreign direct investment.
Although the first GPS satellite was put into orbit in the ___________, GPS did not provide global coverage until _______.
The natural sex ratio, the proportion of males to females in a population, is _________.
Geodemographers use the ________________ to determine the number of years it takes a population to double.
rate of natural increase
The term glocalization refers to:
the idea that global and local forces interact and that both are changed in the process.
A study of South African villages found that men, especially those 50 years of age or older, tended to have an extensive knowledge of __________ for medicines.
World heritage refers to
the social ties, networks, institutions, and trust that members of a group use to achieve mutual benefits.
Globally, some of the lowest death rates-1 to 2 deaths annually per 1,000 people-have been recorded in the Middle Eastern countries of ____________ and ___________.
In 2008, each of the three largest multinational corporations--________________, ________________, and _______________--earned revenues in excess of $400 billion.
Royal Dutch Shell, Exxon Mobil, Wal-Mart
Of the two measures of fertility used by geodemographers, the total fertility rate (TFR) is the most familiar, but it is also a more general measure.
The "geography of nowhere" was lamented by:
James Howard Kunstler.
Acquiring information about something that is located at a distance from you is known as:
Which of the following is not a reason why the World Heritage List has been criticized?
It raises awareness of the global cultural resources and sometimes triggers the development of new tourist sites.
Which country is the leading source of immigrants to the United States?
The late-18th-century Pacific voyages of Captain Cook helped increase the popularity of tattooing among Westerners.
A body of thought that emphasizes that humans and nonhumans are linked together in a dynamic set of relations that, in turn, influence human behavior is known as:
___________ refers to the degree in which two or more phenomena share similar distributions.
The oldest form of medicine practiced by humankind is:
Studies now indicate that literacy is linked to delays in marriage and childbirth, as well as higher rates of teen pregnancy.
Women dominate the flow of migrants from ______________, ______________, and ______________.
the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Indonesia
People younger than ________ and older than _________ are termed age dependents because most of them do not work on a full-time basis.
The intellectual roots of environmental determinism can be traced back to the ancient Romans, who speculated that human diversity resulted from both climatic and locational factors.
Today, there are an estimated __________ multinational corporations (MNCs).
Globalization stems from the expansion of capitalism and international trade.
Physical geography focuses primarily on:
The English language belongs in the __________ family.
An official language is one that:
a country formally designates for use in its political, legal, and administrative affairs.
Sanatana dharma, meaning "eternal truth", is the name some ___________ use for their religion:
Historian Lynn White, Jr. addressed the relationship between:
religion and the environment.
The smallest of the major universalizing religions is:
The Afrikaner Nationalist Party gained power in:
The great chain of being did all the following except:
allowed race to be understood as a social construction.
When people are forcibly and/or fraudulently recruited for work in exploitative conditions it is considered:
The fastest growing religion in the world is:
In a classic study, geographer Kay Anderson examined the emergence of Chinatown in ___________ at the end of the nineteenth century.
Carolus Linnaeus initially identified all but the following categories of people inhabiting the Earth:
An example of a language from the Austronesian language family is:
Which movement sees the need for sharia to be flexible and open to different interpretations in order to apply in today's society?
A situation in which one language becomes comparatively more powerful than another language is known as:
Geographer Ken Foote has demonstrated how sacred sites develop and gain significance within the context of civil religion through the study of:
landscapes of tragedy.
Christianity is the largest religion in the world, with an estimated number of adherents totaling:
The scattering of a people through forced migration is known as:
An intellectual movement that encourages scientific thought, the expansion of knowledge, and belief in the inevitability of progress is known as:
People who speak Serbian can also understand Croatian, and vice versa even though Serbian and Croatian are considered separate languages. This is an example of mutual intelligibility.
Within the Roman Empire two classes of Latin existed; the standardized written form came to be known as:
Although no equivalent word exists in the English language, the Yiddish word farpotchke, means to make something worse when you are trying to fix it. This is an example of:
how social factors influence language use and development.
A language family is:
a collection of languages that share a common but distant ancestor.
Sign languages are based on:
A well-known example of an artificial language is:
Almost half of the world's people speak languages belonging to the ____________ language family.
The Vedas identify four social classes called varnas, ranked on the basis of:
The rise of the British Empire contributed to the diffusion of English.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of Islam?
Its sacred scripture is the Tripitaka.
When the policies, practices, or laws of an organization or government disadvantage people because of their cultural differences it is considered:
A place or region where an innovation, idea, belief, or cultural practice begins is a:
_______________ is the fastest growing branch within Christianity.
All countries have an official language.
_______________, _______________, and ____________ normally cremate the deceased.
Theravada Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs
intolerance of people perceived to be inherently or genetically inferior.
These religions are sometimes classified as Abrahamic faiths:
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
_________ refrs to the highly influential but mistaken identity that one or more genetic traits can be used to identify distinctive and exclusive categories of people.
A polytheistic religion refers to:
the belief in or devotion to multiple deities.
It is generally understood that there are about ___________ different languages in the world today.
Apartheid refers to the government-sponsored policy of racial segregation and discrimination that came to define __________ and regulated the social relations and opportunities of its citizens.
Sikhism bears the influences of these two religions:
Islam and Hinduism.
Shiites make up a majority of the population in all of these countries except:
In South Africa the term ________ came to identify a person of mixed ancestry who did not fit any of the African, Asian Indian, or European racial categories.
Which of the following is not a universalizing religion?
Languages that have emerged and evolved within living or historic human communities are called:
Which is the only country where the majority of the population is Jewish?
Which of the following is not true about Mahayana Buddhism?
It cultivates a monastic approach that emphasizes the study of Buddhist scripture and the practice of disciplined behavior.
A system of communication based on symbols that have agreed-upon meanings is known as:
or sign language
Among geographers and linguists a prevalent, though controversial, theory posits that the rise of __________ transformed the distribution of the world's languages and language families.
The United Nations recognizes __________ official languages.
Which of the following is not true about a sacred space?
It needs to be territorially defined.
One of the goals of _________ was to create a religious and political homeland for Jews:
In the 18th century, the Swedish naturalist Carolus Linnaeus identified ________ major groups of people inhabiting the Earth.
Hebrew is an example of a language from the language family:
Scholars think that the Indo-European language family may have originated in a region in:
The Elvish languages featured in The Lord of the Rings would be an example of a(n):
According to the beliefs of the Aboriginal inhabitants of Australia, the time when the Earth was transformed from a featureless and inactive realm into the world as we know it is known as
Dreamtime or Dreaming
The study of _______________ examines the impacts populations have on their environments as well as the ways in which environmental conditions affect people and their livelihoods.
Today, no country has a death rate in excess of 21 per 1000.
Unfavorable conditions or attributes of a place that encourage migration are known as:
Regional analysis involves:
studying the distinctiveness of regions.
Which of the following is not a factor that has encouraged globalization?
Increased business costs
Even though the concept of globalization has long existed, use of the word globalization did not become commonplace until:
Enterprises, such as museums, monuments, and historical and archaeological sites that manage or market the past constitute:
What concept is widely understood to bring Americanization?
The most common type of relocation diffusion is:
The geography of the trans-Atlantic slave trade was built on well-established routes between:
Africa and the Americas.
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