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Preschool Appropriate Practices
Terms in this set (48)
3 Components that make up Developmentally Appropriate Practice for children from birth to eight years of age.
1. age appropriate
2. individually appropriate
3. culturally and socially appropriate
One of the most important things to teach 3-5 year old children is- (blank) development. Poems, songs, and- (blank) are three ways to make this learning process fun for them.
When babies are born they are in the- (blank) stage of cognitive development. As they grow they reach the- (blank) stage, where they tend to think illogically, begin to understand simple concepts, and behave egocentrically. In the- (blank) stage they begin to develop logic. Finally, as they reach age 11, they reach the- (blank) stage.
Ages: 1. Infant 2. Toddler 3. Preschool 4. Grade School 5. High School 6. Early Adult 7. Middle Adult 8. Late Adult
Conflicts: 1. (e) Trust v Mistrust 2. (a) Autonomy V Shame & Doubt 3. (c) Initiative V Guilt 4. (d) Industry V Inferiority 5. (b) Identity V Role Confusion 6. (g) Intimacy V Isolation 7. (h) Generativity V Stagnation 8. (f) Integrity V Despair
Child was able to string wooden beads on a shoe string.
Physical - Fine Motor
Child plays well with peers.
Social and Emotional
Child was able to solve a simple problem.
Cognitive & General Knowledge
Child was able to sing an appropriate song.
Language and Communication
Child was able to jump three times.
Physical - Gross Motor
Child was able to successfully complete an art activity.
Approaches to Learning
2 indications of developmental delays for 3 Year Olds:
1. failure to understand directions
2. unable to say their own name
2 indications of developmental delays for 4 Year Olds:
1. unable to catch a ball
2. frequent toiling accidents
2 indications of developmental delays for 5 Year Olds:
1. does not play well with other students
2. unable to sit and listen for 5 minutes
A child playing alone
A child playing beside other children, but not interacting with them
Children playing together with materials and some talking
Materials for each child:
ex. Paint and brush
Manipulation of those materials:
ex. Child paints on easel with various colors
Choice by the child of what to try with the materials:
ex. Child paints whatever they like
Language chosen and used by the child to depict what he or she is doing:
ex active learning
Support by the adults or peers in the form of recognition or questions that help the child think about his/her actions:
ex. Can you tell me about your picture?
ex. Your painting has lots of colors like your dress
Active listening is the process of taking an active roles in- (blank) and- (blank) to what children have to say.
Active listening uses- (blank) ended questions to stimulate a child's thinking.
The benefits of having child-sized furniture and materials available at the child's height level.
This makes it easily accessible and promotes self-esteem by allowing children to use it without needing help.
Age appropriate toys for 3-4 year old children:
puzzles with 4-20 pieces, sewing cards, dress-up clothes
Age appropriate toys for 4-5 year old children:
puzzles with 20+ pieces, sand and water play, more detailed books
Creating and adhering to a daily routine assures children that their environment is predictable and- (blank)
This instills a sense of order and- (blank) and- (blank)
There needs to be a daily schedule both written and illustrated with- (blank)
Identify several ways to help prevent situations that lead to difficult behavior in children.
-children know what is expected of them
-keep directions simple
-do not over stimulate children
-teach children to respect personal space
-correct behaviors by telling them what you want them to do, "please walk."
Establishing rules in a preschool learning environment should be kept as- (blank) as possible
Three to- (blank) rules should be enough
Create rules that are simple and easy enough for young children to understand, but- (blank) enough that they can be applied to many situations. "Be safe."
Standing near a child who is about to throw a fit can be enough of an intervention technique to prevent the child from behaving badly. (True or False?)
Non-verbal communication, like a smile or nod, is not an effective way of communicating with a child. (True or False?)
Lowering your voice is often more effective in correcting a behavior than raising your voice. (True or False?)
If a child is misbehaving, you should not encourage them to talk about how they are feeling. (True or False?)
hitting, alienation - leaving a child out, mean rumors, causing someone harm.
How to prevent bullying
intense supervision, always have your eyes on the children - don't let them get in an area you cannot see.
You can help children develop their emotions in a positive way by helping them express their feelings through- (blank), - (blank), and- (blank).
talking, drawing, and pretending.
(blank) is the ability to understand how someone is feeling.
Class projects and meetings help children to establish a sense of- (blank) in the group.
The more- (blank) of other children's feelings the greater chance of success at having a- (blank) classroom community.
Some ways you can be culturally responsive to the needs of the children and families in your care:
1. Ask clarifying questions
2. Actively listen to others and their perspectives
3. Know that values, beliefs, and attitudes govern our own actions
What is the definition of "inclusive environment?"
an environment in which all children are able to be involved and contribute as full members
Out of 800 births, how many will be affected by Down Syndrome?
What are the five forms of autism spectrum disorder listed?
Autism, Asperger syndrome, Pervasive developmental disorder, Rett syndrome, and Childhood disintegrative disorder
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