Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Unit 5 cognition
Terms in this set (88)
Caitlin, a fifth grader, is asked to remember her second grade teacher's name. What measure of retention will Caitlin use to answer this question?
In history class, James is effortfully connecting the new material to what he has learned in the past. This making of connections in the moment best describes James'
Meloni's new friend from another state just gave her his phone number. As sh goes to enter the number into her contacts list, she finds that she cannot remember all the numbers in the right order. Which of the following is the best explanation for this failure?
being 10 digits long, the number is beyond Miller's "magic number".
Which of the following is most likely to be encoded automatically?
what you ate for breakfast this morning
which of the following is most likely to lead to semantic encoding of a list of words?
thinking about how the words relate to your own life
What two parts of the brain are most involved in implicit memory?
cerebellum and basal ganglia
Researchers studying the links among emotion, stress, and memory have discovered that
both stress and emotion make events more memorable
Which of the following is an example of flashbulb memory?
Anna remembers when her father returned from an overseas military deployment because the day was very emotional for her
John has noticed that he does better on his chemistry exams when he takes the same seat that he sits in during class than when he sits in a different seat exams. If he is prepared for each exam, then _______ may explain his difference in scores.
Which of the following is an example of the serial position effect?
remembering the beginning and end of your grocery list, but not the items in the middle
Which of the following is an example of anterograde amnesia?
Louis can remember his past, but nothing since experiencing a brain infection 4 years
Muhammad has been in his school cafeteria hundreds of times. It is a large room, and there are nine free-standing pillars that support the roof. One day to illustrate the nature of forgetting, Muhammad's teacher asks him how many pillars there are in the cafeteria. Muhammad has difficulty answering the question, but finally replies that he thinks there are six pillars. What memory concept does this example illustrate?
What does Hermann Ebbinghaus' forgetting curve show about the nature of storage decay?
rate of forgetting does not change as time goes on
Suzanne gets a new phone number. Each time she tries to give someone the new number, she gives her old one instead. The fact that her old number is causing difficulty in her remembering of the new one is an example of?
Regarding therapist-guided "recovered" memories of sexual abuse in infancy, which statement best represents an appropriate conclusion about this issue/
since the brain is not sufficiently mature to store accurate memories of events before the age of 4, memories form the first 4 years of life are not reliable.
The mental activity associated with remembering, thinking and knowing is called
Which of the following refers to the narrowing of available problem solutions with the goal of determining the best solution?
Producing valuable and novel ideas best defines which of the following?
When asked to think of a bird, many people think of a robin. in this case a robins is people's _______ for a bird
Your teachers ask how many uses you can think of for a pencil. She is testing your
A methodical , logical rule that guarantees solving a particular problem is called
Thom believes that his congresswoman is a honest woman. He looks for examples of her giving to charity and ignores her ethics violations, which have recently been in the news. Thom is being affected by
Thom still believes that his congresswoman is an honest person even after she is arrested and sent to jail. Thom is now experiencing
Many people prefer meat that is 80 percent lean instead of 20 percent fat, even though they are the same thing. Which concept is being used when the same information is presented in a more desirable way?
After seeing a news story about kidnapping, we are more afraid of kidnapping, even though it is a very rare occurrence. Which of the following is the term for this phenomenon?
in the word "prepare", each "r' can be considered a
Eighteen-month-old Becca is in the telegraphic speech phase. Which of the following best represents something she might say?
The prefix "pre" in "preview" or the suffix "ed" in "adapted" are examples of
Miller's "magical number seven, plus or minus two" refers to
the capacity of short term memory
Long-term potentiation is best described as follows:
these synaptic changes allow for more efficient transfer of information
Which of the following is an example of implicit memory?
what time you had lunch yesterday
Which of the following statements concerning memory is true?
memories often blend correct and incorrect information
The basketball players could remember the main points of their coach's halftime talk, but not her exact words. This is because they encoded the information
When someone provides their phone number to another person, they usually pause after the area code and again after the next three numbers. This pattern underscores the importance of which memory principle?
Research on the role of the amygdala in memory has found that
the amygdala help make sure we remember events that trigger strong emotional responses
Which of the following illustrates the serial position effect?
Alp is unable to remember the middle of a list of vocabulary words as well as he remembers the first or last words on the list
By waiting until the last minute to study for an exam, you are using an unrecommended strategy called
You are more likely to remember happy memories when you are presently happy than when you are sad due to
Carl damaged his cerebellum in a car accident. As a result, he would have the most trouble remembering
how to ride his therapy bike
Which of the following is an example of source amnesia?
Stephen misremembers a dream as something that really happened
Hermann Ebbinghaus' forgetting curve shows that
most forgetting occurs early on and then levels off
When asked to think of a "desk", many students think of the desks in their classroom rather than desk used by an executive. This illustrates that their desks have formed their _______ of a desk.
People are more concerned about a medical procedure when told it has a 10 percent death rate rather than they are when told it has a 90 percent survival rate. Which psychological concept explains this difference in concern?
Which of the following illustrates a heuristic?
using three dramatic news reports of corporate fraud to estimate how often business fraud occurs
Mave got a new car with the license plate "MAV-NUM1". She is asked by the school parking clerk what her number is but can only remember her old one, "VANMOM1" Her inability to remember her new plate is most likely due to
Scott gets soaked in the rainstorm because he does not think of using his backpack to shield himself from the rain. Which barrier to problem solving is evidenced here?
A phoneme, such as "c" in cows, is best described as what?
unit sound in a language
Alice significantly underestimated how long it would take to write her term paper because of
Which of the following is not one of Robert Sternberg's components of creativity?
Which of the following demonstrates the representativeness heuristic?
deciding that a new kid in school is a nerd because he looks like a nerd
Benjamin Lee Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis relates to what aspect of the power of language?
how language determines thinking
According to Noam Chomsky, language acquisition occurs most especially because of
An intelligence test that asks a person how many uses they can think of for a golf ball is most likely testing a person's ______ intelligence.
According to Charles Soearmann and others, _____ underlies specific mental abilities and is measure by every task on an intelligence test.
general intelligence (g)
Victor is blind, unable to speak, and understands very few words. He is, however, able to hear a piece of music once and play it back flawlessly on the piano. Victor's abilities best represent someone with
Which of the following is not a component of emotional intelligence?
A test developer defines uniform testing procedures and meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested group. Which of the following best describes this process?
Which of the following is the best example of an aptitude test?
Sherjeel takes the ACT for college admission
If a test yields consistent results upon retesting, it can be said to have a high degree of
Which of the following can be used to demonstrate that only about 2 percent of the population scores at least two standard deviations above the mean on an intelligence test?
Which of the following is a longitudinal study?
A group of kindergartners is given an intelligence test. They are retested every other year.
Which of the following best represents crystallized intelligence?
Grandpa Milt is good at crossword puzzles
Hal scored an 89 on an intelligence test when he was 16. Now, at age 56, he is interested in what his score would be as an adult. The score he is most likely to earn on the new test would be
Intellectual disability is defined by both IQ and which of the following?
Heritability relates to the
extent to which variability among individuals' intelligence scores can be attributed to genetic variation
There is a greater correlation between the IQ scores of identical twins raised together than for fraternal twins raised together. What conclusion can be drawn from this data?
there is a genetic effect on intelligence
Which of the following is true of the mental similarities between adoptive children and their adoptive parents over time?
adoptive children become much less similar to their adoptive parents over time
According to Carol Dweck, students are often hampered by a fixed mindset. This means they believe:
intelligence is biologically set and unchangeable
Which of the following is true of boys compared with girls?
boys are more likely to be represented with among those scoring extremely low as well as those scoring extremely high on test of mental abilities.
Which of the following provides the best evidence that race is more of a social construct than a biological category?
people of varying ancestry may categorize themselves as having the same race
People are said to have an intellectual disability if they difficulty adapting to the demands of independent living and have IQ scores below
Charles Spearman's g refers to
Which of the following individuals would best represent our understanding of fluid versus crystallized intelligence?
Alice is 25 and has discovered a new chemical element
What would be true of a thermometer that always reads three degrees lower than the actual temperature?
it is reliable but not valid
What is the benefit of standardizing an intelligence test?
to provide comparing scores against a pretested group
Achievement tests are to aptitude tests as
measurement is to prediction
Howard Gardner found evidence of multiple intelligences in individuals who scored low on intelligence but had an area of exceptional ability- for example, to make complex calculations. These people have
Which of the following is one of Robert Sternberg's types of intelligence?
Researchers studying the effects of genes on intelligence have found that
intelligence is affected by many genes working together
The Flynn effect refers to the
gradual increase in average intelligence score of the general population over the last several decades
If Lanie is able to tell when her husband is upset by noticing subtle changes in his facial expressions, she might be said to have a high degree of
Heritability of intelligence refers to
the extent to which a person's intelligence is caused by genetics
The most widely used modern intelligence test was developed by
Students who do well on college entrance exams generally do well in their first of college. This helps establish that these exams have
The purpose of Alfred Binet's early intelligence test was to
predict how children do in school
The original formula for a child's intelligence quotient compared a child's
mental age to their chronological age
If the scores on an intelligence test form a normal curve with a standard deviation of 15,
the mean, median and mode are 100. 68 percent of test scores are between 85 and 115
If approached on the street by a stranger and asked to make a guess about their IQ score, your best guess would be
Sets found in the same folder
Unit 8 clinical psychology: abnormal behavior and…
Unit 9: Social Psychology
Summer Psychology Vocab
Unit 3: Sensation and perception
Other sets by this creator
Unit 7 motivation, emotion, stress and personality
Unit 6 developmental psychology
VOCAB unit 9
Other Quizlet sets
Exam 2: Metabolism
Foundations of Image Acquisition: Exam 5
authentication & authorization design concepts