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2.1.3 High Renaissance Art
Terms in this set (13)
In what three things did the laity assume a leading role and establish models for the clergy to emulate?
What was part of the reason the laity assumed a leading role for the clergy to emulate?
In part because of the church's loss of international power during the great crises of the late Middle Ages
What encouraged the rapid growth of lay education during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries?
The rise of national sentiment and the emergence of national bureaucracies staffed by laymen rather than clerics
How is this new perspective on life (medieval Christians adjusted to a more secular spirit and mission) prominent?
In the painting and sculpture of the High Renaissance, when art and sculpture reached their full maturity
What was the difference between medieval art and Renaissance art?
While medieval art had tended to be abstract and formulaic, Renaissance art emphatically embraced the natural world and human emotions
What kind of "order" did Renaissance artists give their works?
A rational, even mathematical, one -- perfect symmetry and proportion reflecting a belief in the harmony of the universe
What were two special techniques, in addition to oil paints, that gave High Renaissance artists an edge?
1) Chiaroscuro, the use of shading to enhance naturalness
2) Linear perspective, the adjustment of the size of figures to give the viewer a feeling of continuity with the painting
What did the addition of these new techniques enable the artist to do?
To portray space realistically and to paint a more natural world, creating a three-dimensional canvas filled with energy and life
Who was considered the father of Renaissance painting and what did he do?
Giotto, and he signaled the new direction
Who did Giotto admire and what love did the two share?
Saint Francis of Assisi; love of nature
What were the works of Giotto like?
Though they had a religious seriousness, his work was no longer an abstract and unnatural depiction of the world
What other two artists portrayed the world around them literally and naturally?
1) Masaccio the painter
2) Donatello the sculptor
Which three master artists of the High Renaissance reached the pinnacle of natural and literal painting?
1) Leonardo da Vinci
3) Michelangelo Buonarroti
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