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Chapter 13 Revel Quiz: Problems and Resilience
Terms in this set (16)
Which of the following statements best summarizes the main differences between internalizing and externalizing problems during adolescence?
Adolescents with internalizing problems are called overcontrolled because they often come from families who exercise strict psychological control and typically experience problems such as depression, anxiety, and eating disorders; conversely, adolescents with externalizing problems are called undercontrolled because they often come from families who lack monitoring and typically experience problems such as delinquency, substance use, and risky driving.
Which of the following scenarios BEST reflects the research evidence for an adolescent or emerging adult who is the most likely to experience a fatal driving accident?
A 23-year-old male who has had a few alcoholic drinks with friends at a bar and just left to drive home.
The _________ is the second stage of a graduated driver licensing program, and one of the most effective prohibitions during this stage that has been linked to reducing crashes is _________.
restricted license; driving curfews
Which of the following best explains the difference in rates of substance use between adolescents and emerging adults?
The peak of substance use occurs in emerging adulthood and not adolescence because emerging adults have higher levels of unstructured socializing, which includes both the propensity and opportunity to engage in risky behavior.
Michael went to a fraternity party and drank a lot of alcohol with his friends to celebrate the end of the college semester. Greg went to the same fraternity party and decided to try marijuana for the first time because he wanted to see what it felt like. Michael engaged in _________ substance use, and Greg engaged in _________ substance use.
Researchers have consistently found that crimes committed by young men usually take place in a _______ context compared to adult offenders.
Which of the following scenarios best depicts the factors that are highly associated with a life-course-persistent pattern of delinquency?
Connor was raised in a single-parent family and diagnosed with ADHD at age 5.
Which of the following is one of the main reasons why programs such as "Outward Bound" and group therapy have failed to prevent adolescent delinquency?
Adolescents who participate in these programs often do so unwillingly, leading to an increased resistance to engage with the program content.
Which of the following is NOT a risk factor that increases the likelihood of externalizing problems among adolescents?
Family history of depression
___________ is the most common internalizing problem during adolescence, and one of the key symptoms is a(n) ___________
Depressed mood; enduring period of sadness
Which of the following BEST reflects the research evidence for the most effective approach for treating adolescent depression?
Taking the antidepressant medication Prozac in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy sessions
Which of the following best summarizes and explains the gender difference in rates of suicide attempts and suicide in adolescence and emerging adulthood?
Female adolescents attempt suicide four times as often as males because of the higher rates of depression among females; however, males are about four times as likely to kill themselves because males are more likely to use deadly methods to kill themselves, such as guns.
Molly has been diagnosed with bulimia and Haley has been diagnosed with anorexia. Which of the following best describes how Molly and Haley's body weight may be influenced by their respective disorders?
Molly will likely maintain a normal body weight and she will have relatively normal eating habits in between her episodes of binging and purging, whereas Haley will likely experience a 15% reduction in body weight because of her restriction of food intake.
Which of the following treatments have been found to be the most effective for eating disorders in adolescence?
Studies have found that religiosity is _______ related to participation in risk behavior in adolescence and emerging adulthood, such that youth who have _______ levels of religiosity are less likely to engage in substance abuse.
Which of the following best summarizes the results from the Kauai study that provided evidence for emerging adulthood as a critical period for resilience?
Many of the participants who were categorized as nonresilient in adolescence were then recategorized as resilient in emerging adulthood.
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