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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. What ganglions are supplied by the greater, lesser, & least splanchnic nerves?
  2. Describe the cardiac plexus
  3. What are the target organs of the superior cervical ganglions (C1-C4)?
  4. What are the target organs for the celiac ganglion?
  5. What are the NMDA agonists and what releases them?
  1. a Greater & lesser: celiac plexus
    Least: inferior mesenteric & hypogastric ganglia
  2. b Superficial & deep divisions.
    Both organized around the aortic arch.
  3. c Iris & ciliary body
    Lacrimal & salivary glands
    Parotid gland
  4. d Aspartate, glutamate, etc-released by c-fiber stimulation.
  5. e Stomach, small bowel, adrenal medulla

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. T1 or below
  2. Somatic: preganglionic-Ach
    PNS: preganglionic & postganglionic-Ach
    SNS: preganglionic-Ach, postganglionic-NE
  3. Stellate
  4. Stellate ganglion. All preganglionic fibers arise below the stellate ganglion.
    Could result in Horner's syndrome
  5. Large & small bowel

5 True/False questions

  1. In regards to the cardiac plexus, where does parasympathetic input arise from?Cervical ganglia.


  2. Describe the lumbo-sacral lateral chainLocated in the neck. All presynaptic input enters from T1 w/ minor contributions from T2 & T3. Cervical lateral chain ganglia are fused.


  3. What occurs with sympathetically mediated pain?There is a sensitization of peripheral (C-fibers) & central (dorsal horn laminae 1& 2).


  4. Blocking what ganglion is indicated in painful conditions of the lower extremities and pelvic viscera and vascular insufficiency in the legs?Superior hypogastric plexus & ganglion impar


  5. Describe the wind-up theory.Involves repetitive noxious stimuli (c-fibers)->prolonged discharge of dorsal horn cells-> progressive ↑ in APs per stimulus->long term potentiation (LTP).