APUSH Period 3 Questions
Terms in this set (109)
After the French and Indian War Great Britain's debt ________
English politicians were ________ of American Conditions
Britain felt the need to maintain a ____ military force
King George III proved to be an _____ leader
Pontiac's Rebellion was caused by the westward _______ of settlers
This rebellion provoked the English to proclaim a new _____ policy.
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of 1763?
Prevent hostilities between Indians and Land-Hungry colonists
The Proclamation of 1763 also seemed like a good way to do what?
Save money and keep the colonies economically tied to the mother country.
What did the sugar act place tariffs on?
Sugar, Coffee, and wines
What are writs of assistance?
Enabled British customs officers to enter any home with no reason given
Who argued against the Writs of Assistance?
James Otis (founder of Sons of Liberty)
British believed in ______ representation
Colonists wanted ______ representation
What did the Stamp Act tax?
Printed paper, legal documents, newspapers, pamphlets and playing cards.
The Stamp Act was a _____ tax
What would colonist shout in opposition to the Stamp Act?
"No taxation without representation"
The Sons of Liberty would resort to _____ to protest against the British
The Stamp Act started the _________
The Stamp Act directly stuck who?
Lawyers, newspaper publishers, and the clergy
The Quartering Act of 1765 supported a _______ army in the colonies
British leaders saw the colonists as ______
Economic _______ and pressure from British merchants eventually forced Parliament to repel the Stamp Act
What did the Declaratory Act declare?
Colonists were subordinates and Parliament could enact any law it wished
Townshend Duties were indirect taxes on what?
Glass, lead, paints, paper, tea
John Dickinson wrote what letter that stated that Parliament couldn't tax the colonies
"Letter From a Pennsylvania Farmer"
What was the name of the black man who died during the Boston Massacre
Who would win acquittal for the soldiers who shot during the Boston Massacre?
After the Boston Massacre there was a two year ______
What would break the two year peace?
Who would testify against this incident?
Sam Adams would form what after this incident?
Committees of Correspondence
Americans refused to buy cheaper tea because it __________ Parliament's right to tax the colonies
On what day did the Boston Tea Party occur? and who would lead this?
December 16, 1773, Sons of Liberty
Colonial reaction was _____
Because of the Boston Tea Party, Parliament would pass what?
The Boston Port Act did what?
Closed the harbor of Boston
The Second Quartering Act did what?
Troops had to be quartered in private homes
The First Continental Congress was a ______ group of 55 men
Joseph Galloway put forth a conservative plan calling for a popularly elected ______ ______
The Grand Council would be equivalent to _________
The First Continental Congress also planned to ______ all British goods
General Gage was searching for _______ ______ at Concord, Gage also wanted to arrest who?
Colonial weapons; Sam Adams and John Hancock
Who would confront British regulars?
The Second Continental Congress had a more _____ group of delegates
Other members of the Second Continental Congress included who?
Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, and Benjamin Franklin
The Second Continental Congress adopted John Dickinson's letter called the?
Olive Branch Petition
The Second Continental Congress organized forces into a _______ ____
Who was the general of the Continental Army?
The Continental Army had no legal _______
The Battle of Bunker Hill was a _____ victory for the Americans
George III sent ______ to put down the rebellion in the colonies
Thomas Paine wrote what?
Paine wrote in a style that the ______ people would understand
Paine called George III a ________ and attacked the idea of monarchy
Who were the three men who were on the Declaration Of Independence Committee?
Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin
The Declaration of Independence was what?
An expression of the American Mind
How many parts does the Declaration have?
What advantages did the colonies have over Britain?
They were familiar with the land and they were defending their homeland so they had the will to fight
British promised ______ to slaves who fought for them
How did the US fund the war?
Borrowed money from foreign governements
Who was the head of finance during this time period?
Loyalists came from every _____ and economic class
The main state where Tories were was?
Tories were _______ by Patriots
Washington attacked Hessian troops at _______ on Dec. 26 and scored a morale boosting victory
What battle was the turning point of the war?
Battle of Saratoga
Who declared war on GB because of the battle of Saratoga?
Who trained Washington's troops at Valley Forge
Baron Von Steuben
Who conducted a guerrilla campaign?
Conrwallis established a base at ________
On October 19 Cornwallis _______
The French wanted America to be ____
The Treaty of Paris (1783) declared what?
US was an independent nation
Western boundary was set at the Mississippi River
British would withdraw their troops and evacuate their troops
What was wrong with the Articles of Confederation
Central Government couldnt collect taxes, regulate trade or enforce laws.
No executive or judicial branches
Each state had one vote within a unicameral legislature
The Land Ordinance of 1785 set apart one square mile for ______ ______
The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created a process for achieving _________
The new states created by the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 had to have a republican government and couldn't allow what?
In the State government where was power concentrated?
Voters in these state governments had to ______ owners or taxpayers
Many social reforms occurred such as?
Separation of Church and State
Northern states enacted laws that _______ abolished slavery
Slavery died in the North where it was ________ unimportant
The idea of female education became accepted as ________
What is Republican Motherhood?
A woman's role was to stay at home and raise the next generation of patriots
Who said "remember the ladies"
Noah Webster's Spelling Book provided a foundation for the "________" language
Who was a important painter of this time?
After the revolution Britain set up ____ running from Lake Champlain to Michigan
in 1784 Spain closed the lower ___________ _____ to American commerce
Britain dumped ___ _______ manufactured goods into our economy
A majority of states ______ money between 1785 and 1786
The Annapolis Convention was called to do what?
Discuss common problems such as trade
The Philadelphia Convention was called with the purpose of what?
Revise or amend the articles
Shays Rebellion prevented what from operating?
How was the army that put down the rebellion paid?
They were paid by wealthy merchants
What did Jefferson say about this rebellion?
"A Little rebellion now and then is a good thing"
The men of the Constitutional Convention were ________ and well educated
Who is the Father of the Constitution?
Most delegates agreed that it would be a federal system that would draw its power from the _____
What was the Great Compromise?
Drafted by Roger Sherman. The plan created a House of Reps that would have proportional representation and a Senate would have equal representation
What words were not in the Constitution?
What was the Three Fifths Compromise?
3/5ths of the slaves would be counted for both taxation and representation
How would the president be elected?
What fraction of the states had to pass the constitution?
The ________ were for the Constitution
____ _______ were small farmers and opposed the Constitution
Which Federalist paper urged ratification of the Constitution. because a large country would curb the power of the majority?
Federalist Paper 10
When did most Anti-Federalist disappear?
When Federalists agreed to add a Bill of Rights
Who were leading Federalists/
Hamilton, Madison, John Jay