Medical - Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases can be caused by
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S/S of HerpesBurning, itching, tingling, tenderness at site, fever, lesion becomes ulceratedWhat are the modes of transmission for AIDS?Sexual Contact, contact with bloodWhat are the modes of transmission for chickenpox?Droplets, Airborne secretions from respiratory tractWhat are the modes of transmission for Hepatitis?Direct contact with blood, stool or urine, saliva, sputumWhat are the modes of transmission for TB?Droplets in airWhat are the modes of transmission for Meningitis?Direct contact with discharges from nose/throatWhat is one of the most effective methods of preventing the spread of infectious diseases?Hand washingWearing ____________ is an effective protective measure for the EMT-P in the cases of hepatitis/herpes and TB/Meningitis?A MaskWhen water is unavailable to wash your hands after contact with a Pt suspected of having a communicable disease, which of the following can be substituted?Alcar, Hibistat, AlcoholTrue or False; The solution used to clean the interior of the ambulance must be able to kill micro-bacterial TB:TrueOxygen humidifiers should be:Single Use OnlyTrue or False; There is a federal law which prohibits re-using anything labeled as "disposable" or "for one time use only"?TrueTo avoid exposure to infectious organisms, needles should be:Put in a puncture proof containerTrue or False; All blood products should be treated as infectiousTrueBlood spills should be cleaned usingSodium Hypochloride (Bleach) 1:10Infestation characterized by severe itching and small white specks in the hair:LiceInfection of the lining of the brain and spinal cord:MeningitisViral disease in which the patient may develop skin tumors known as Kaposi's sarcomaAIDSBacterial disease in which the Pt develops coughs, chills, fever, fatigue, weight loss, and night sweatsTuberculosisViral disease characterized by swelling of the salivary glands under the jaw and around the cheeksMumpsSexually transmitted bacterial disease characterized in males by burning urination and yellowish penile dischargeGonorrheaDisease in which toxin travels through the blood to skeletal muscles, causing spastic rigidityTetanusBloodborne viral disease characterized by malaise, weakness, loss of appetite, and pronounced jaundiceHepatitis BDisease commonly called the "Seven year itch"ScabiesSexually transmitted bacterial disease whose early presentation is characterized by a painless chancre in the genital areaSyphilisViral disease that begins with a fever and a reddish rash that appears first on the face and spreads to the rest of the bodyMeaslesViral disease characterized by a rash of fluid-filled vesicles that rupture, forming small ulcers that eventually scabHerpes SimplexThe individual who first introduced an infectious agent to a population is called the:Index CaseAn illness caused by an infestation of the body by biological organisms is called a:Infectious diseaseOrganisms that live inside our bodies without ordinarily causing diseaseNormal FloraAn organism capable of causing a disease is called a:PathogenAn ordinarily harmless bacterium that causes disease only under unusual circumstances is called a:Opportunistic infectionMicroscopic single celled organisms that range in length from 1 to 20 micrometersBacteriaThe three types of bacteria areSpheres, Rods, and SpiralsToxic Waste Products released by living bacteriaExotoxinToxic Products released when bacteria die and decomposeEndotoxinA Substance that is capable of inhibiting bacterial growth or reproductionBacteriostaticA substance capable of killing bacteria:BactericidalDisease causing organism that can only be seen with an electron microscopeVirusAn organism that can grow and reproduce only within a host cellObligated Intracellular ParasitePlant Like MicroorganismFungiAn organism that lives in or on another organism is called aParasiteAny living creature or environment that can harbor an infectious agent is called aReservoirThe presence of an agent only on the surface of the host without penetration is calledContaminationThe presence of a agent within the host, without necessarily causing disease is called anInfectionAn organisms strength or ability to infect or overcome the body's defensesVirulenceThe period in which a host can not transmit an infectious agent to someone elseLatent PeriodThe period in which a host can transmit an infectious agent to someone elseCommunicable PeriodWhat is the overflow circulatory fluid in spaces in between tissuesLymphProtection against disease developed after birth after direct exposure to a disease is:Active ImmunityPhases of prehospital infection control include:- Preparation for Response - Response - Patient Contact - RecoveryTo destroy certain forms of microorganisms, but not all is to:DisinfectThe destroy all microorganisms is to:SterilizeInflammation of the liver characterized by diffuse or patch tissue necrosisHepatitisHepatitis D seems only to Co-Exist with:Hepatitis BMost common preventable adult infectious disease in the world:TBThe viral disease known as the kissing disease is:MononucleosisAn inflammation caused by infection of the brain and it's structuresEncephalitisThree stages of Lyme diseaseEarly Localized, Early disseminated, LateInfections that are acquired while in the hospital are called:NosocomialCell that attacks invader in immune responselymphocyteMost common phagocyteneutrophilCells that attack invaders in a humoral immune responeB LymphocytesGeneralized Immunity, temporary defense against any invadersCell MediatedThe cells involved in immune responseReticuloendothelial SystemCells that attack invaders in cell mediated immune responseT LymphocytesThe second most common phagocytic white cellMacrophageMarker on the surface of a cell that identifies it as self or non self:AntigenWhite Blood CellleukocyteProcess in which certain white blood cells inject invadersPhagocytosisThe body's mechanism for defending against foreign invadersImmune SystemAn antibodyimmunoglobulinA substance that is produced in response to and that destroys a particular antigenAntibodySpecialized immunity, permanent defense against a particular foreign antigenHumoralYeasts, Molds, and Mushrooms are all types of:FungiProtozoa causes diseases such asMalariaHookworms and pinworms are called parasites because theyLive in or on another organismAn example of a disease that may be transmitted by bloodborne, sexual, and indirect contact is:Herpes VirusSeroconversion is said to have occurred whenthe person develops antibodies after exposure to a diseaseNeutrophils and Macrophages are both types ofleukocytesThere are five classes of human antibodies. The class that attaches to mast cells and plays a major role in allergic reactions isIgEAn immunity provided by antibodies that the patient did NOT manufacture is calledActive ImmunityThere are four phases of prehospital infection control. Putting on gloves and donning eye and face protection are part of which phase:ResponseGuidelines for prehospital infection control during patient contact includeAllowing only necessary people to make patient contactAny reusable item that comes in contact with the patient's mucous membranes should receiveHigh Level disinfectionWhich of the following is true regarding the human immunodeficiency virus:HIV specifically targets T-Lymphocytes with the CD4 MarkerWhen caring for a patient with Hepatitis B, which of the following is an important point to remember?Transmission has been known to occur with tattooing, acupuncture, and communally use razors and toothbrushesPositive Brudzinski's sign is suggestive of Meningitis. Brudzinski's sign is thePhysical exam finding in which flexion of the neck causes flexion of the hips and knees.A very contagious infection of the skin caused by staphylococci or streptococci is:ImpetigoAn example of a viral disease transmitted by contact isMononucleosisA patient with SARS is considered contagious untilThe patient is AsymptomaticS/S of SARS include:Rhinorrhea, Rigors, and DiarrheaSARS stands forsevere acute respiratory syndromeThe paramedic's primary concern when dealing with a suspected SARS patient is:Donning Personal Protective EquipmentWhat is the optimum time frame for HIV Post-Exposure therapy:2 HoursHow are animal bites initially treated?Wash with soap and waterWhich disease can be detrimental to the fetus of a pregnant female?German Measles (Rubella). Can cause deafness, retardation, and inflammation of the eyesWhat evidence can show that a child with RSV infection has moved from an upper airway infection to a lower airway infection?WheezingHow long can Hepatitis B live outside the body?7 DaysWhat conditions can the S/S of Pertussis Cause:Cerebral Hemorrhage, ICP, PneumothoraxFleshy, cauliflower growths on male or female genitalia are known as::Genital Warts