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Direct, Indirect, "y" and "en"
Terms in this set (40)
In English, a direct object is the _ _ _ _ _ _ or _ _ _ _ _ in a sentence that directly receives the action of the _ _ _ _. It answers the questions
_ _ _ _? or _ _ _ _?
I gave him [the book].
[the book] answers the question, "What did I give him?"
In French, a direct object is also a _ _ _ _ that receives the _ _ _ _'s action. It follows the _ _ _ _ and is not directly preceded by a preposition.
Sophie -cherche- une [robe].
[robe] answers the question "What?" in reference to the verb -cherche-
In English, direct object pronouns refer to _ _ _ _ _ _ _ or
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ that receive the action of the _ _ _ _. They replace direct object nouns to avoid repetition. Direct object pronouns are placed
_ _ _ _ _ the verb.
English Object pronouns that replace things are _ _ and _ _ _ _. Object pronouns that can refer to people are _ _ _, _ _ _, _ _ _, _ _, _ _, and
_ _ _ _.
I saw that -film- and I enjoyed [it] immensely.
[it] replaces the -film- in this situation.
Mom took -Peter- to school. She picked [him] up later.
[him] replaces -Peter- in this situation.
In French, direct object pronouns can also be sued to avoid repeating direct object _ _ _ _ _ that have already been mentioned.
Tu aimes -le sirop de menthe-?
Pas du tout. Je [le] déteste.
the object pronoun [le] replaces -le sirop de menthe- in this situation.
The direct object pronouns are:
_ _ (me)
_ _ (you)
_ _/_ _ (him, her, it)
_ _ _ _ (us)
_ _ _ _ (you all/ you formal)
_ _ _ (them)
In the present tense, direct object pronouns go _ _ _ _ _ _ the conjugated verb. If there is an infinitive, they go _ _ _ _ _ _ the infinitive. Note that before a verb beginning with a vowel sound, me, te, le, and la change to m', t', and l'
Ma grande-mère [m']aim beaucoup.
[m'] is used before a vowel, as the pronoun "me."
In English, an direct object is the person _ _ _ _ _ _ or _ _ _ _ _ _ _ something is done. The indirect object noun can either go before or after the direct object. However, when it follows the direct object, the preposition _ _ must be sued.
My parents gave [my cousin] a gift.
[my cousin] answers the question "to whom?"
In French, an indirect object is also the person who benefits from the action of the _ _ _ _. It is almost always preceded by the preposition _. Indirect objects are often sued with verbs of giving and receiving
(_ _ _ _ _ _, _ _ _ _ _ _, _ _ _ _ _ _ _) and communicating
(_ _ _ _ _ _, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _, _ _ _ _)
Je vais envoyer une invitation [à ton cousin]
[à ton cousin] answers the question "to whom?"
In English, an indirect object noun can be replaced by an indirect object pronoun. In English, these are _ _, _ _ _, _ _ _, _ _ _, _ _, _ _ _ (plural), and _ _ _ _/
I gave your books to [them].
[them] answers the question "to whom?"
When both direct and indirect objects are expressed as pronouns in the same sentence, the indirect object pronouns goes after _ _ or
_ _ _.
Rachel sent -it- to [her]
the indirect object pronoun [her] answers the question "to whom?" and follows the direct object pronoun of
In French, indirect object pronouns are also used to avoid repeating the _ _ _ _. They are placed _ _ _ _ _ _ the conjugated verb or _ _ _ _ _ _ an infinitive.
_ _ (to/for me)
_ _ (to/for you)
_ _ _ (to/fore him/her)
_ _ _ _ (to/for us)
_ _ _ _ (to/for you//formal, plural)
_ _ _ _ (to/for them)
Alsors, je [vous] envoie une invitation à ma fête .
[vous] answers the question "to whom" in regards to the verb "envoie."
If you have a sentence with both direct and indirect object pronouns, place the pronouns in the following order:
me te nous vous (both) >
le la l' les (only direct) >
lui leur (only indirect)
J'envoie -cette carte- [à mon amie]. Je -la- [lui] envoie.
[lui] answers the question "to whom?" and follows the direct object pronoun of -la,- which replaces -cette carte- (answering the question "what?".
In English, to avoid repeating a place name, you can say _ _ _ _ _, instead.
Are you going to -Quebec-?
Yes, I am going [there].
[there] replaces -Quebec-
In French, to avoid repeating places and location, you can use the pronoun _. _ can replaces names of places that start with a preposition of location such as _, _ _ _ _, _ _, _ _ _, and _ _ _ _.
Tu peux aller au -supermarché-?
Bien sûr. J'[y] vais tout de suit.
[y] replaces -supermarché- (where? the supermarket. where? there.)
The pronoun y follows the same rules of placement as direct and indirect object pronouns. It goes _ _ _ _ _ _ the conjugated verb, or if there is an infinitive, directly _ _ _ _ _ _ the infinitive.
Est-ce que Mylène habite -à Bordeaux-?
Oui, Mylène [y] habite.
[y] replaces -à Bordeaux- (where? Bordeaux. where? there.)
In English, when talking about quantities, you can use the words
_ _ _ _, _ _ _, _ _ _ _/_ _ _ _, a number, or an expression of quantity like
_ _ _ _, to avoid repeating a noun.
I've got -some almonds-. Do you want [some]?
[some] replaces -some almonds-
In French, "some" and "any" can sometimes be translated as _ _. The pronoun replaces an indefinite or partitive article + noun.
Tu veux -du yaourt-?
Non, merci, n'[en] veux pas.
[en] replaces -du yaourt-
En also replaces nouns that follow _ _ _ _ _ _ _ or expressions of
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. In this case, you normally still use the number or the expression of quantity in the sentences with en.
Tu manges -beaucoup- de sandwishes?
Moi, j'[en] prends souvent //deux//!
Like object pronouns, en is placed
_ _ _ _ _ _ the conjugated verb or _ _ _ _ _ _ the infinitive.
De la glace? Je n'[en] veux pas. Mais demain, je vais [en] manger.
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