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Originally an improvised cadence by a soloist. Later it became a written out passage to display performance skills of an instrumentalist or performer.
A musical form where the melody or tune is imitated by individual parts at regular intervals. The individual parts may enter at different measures and pitches. The tune may also be played at different speeds, backwards, or inverted.
A style of singing which is characterized by the easy and flowing tone of the composition.
An instruction to repeat the beginning of the piece before going to the coda or proceeding to the fine.
Go back to the "'f," which may not be at the beginning but in the first 1/4 of a work, then play on to the fine.
Pertaining to the loudness or softness of a musical composition. Also, the symbols indicating volume- ppp to fff.
Two notes that differ in name only. The notes occupy the same pitch. For example: C sharp and D flat.
Performing with a sense of balance and togetherness between all instruments of a band or orchestra.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played very slow and serious.
Playing a single section or melodic line of music, breathing when it comes to a resting point- creating a musical sentence.
The element of music pertaining to time; accurately playing measured groupings of notes in accented and/or unaccented beats.
Tone color, quality of sound that distinguishes one verse or instrument from another. It is also determined often by the shape of the sound.
Refers to intonation, pitch, and timbre of an instrument, which expresses meaning, feeling, or attitude of the music.
Rapid alternation between notes that are a half tone or whole tone apart, which adheres to the key signature.
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