A symbol used in musical notation indicating to gradually quicken tempo.
A tempo having slow movement; restful at ease.
Agitated; with excitement.
Slower than allegro and with a sense of "lightness".
A direction to play lively and fast.
At "walking" tempo.
Back to the original speed.
Originally an improvised cadence by a soloist. Later it became a written out passage to display performance skills of an instrumentalist or performer.
A musical form where the melody or tune is imitated by individual parts at regular intervals. The individual parts may enter at different measures and pitches. The tune may also be played at different speeds, backwards, or inverted.
A style of singing which is characterized by the easy and flowing tone of the composition.
Second melodic line played at the same time as the main theme or malody.
An instruction to repeat the beginning of the piece before going to the coda or proceeding to the fine.
Go back to the "'f," which may not be at the beginning but in the first 1/4 of a work, then play on to the fine.
Pertaining to the loudness or softness of a musical composition. Also, the symbols indicating volume- ppp to fff.
Two notes that differ in name only. The notes occupy the same pitch. For example: C sharp and D flat.
A direction to play expressively, conveying emotion, often using vibrato.
To hold a tone or rest beyond the note value at the discretion of the performer.
The structure of a piece of music.
A symbol indicating to play loud- f.
Sliding between two notes.
Performing with a sense of balance and togetherness between all instruments of a band or orchestra.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played grandly.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played very slow and serious.
Word to indicate that the movement or entire composition is to be played gracefully.
The expression a performer brings to a composition, making the music "come to life".
The distance in pitch between two notes.
The manner in which unison notes are played with regard to pitch between musicians.
Slow; slightly faster than largo, slower than adagio.
Term to indicate articulation that is to be tongued smoothly and somewhat connected.
To be played majestically.
Extremely short with a "stinging" type of articulation.
Less forward motion with regard to tempo.
A direction for the dynamics to be played medium loud- mf.
A direction for the dynamics to be played medium soft- mp.
To switch to another key.
Notes used to embellish a melodic line, such as grace notes, turns and trills.
A constantly repeated phrase.
Playing a single section or melodic line of music, breathing when it comes to a resting point- creating a musical sentence.
Piano (or "p")
An instruction to play the music at a soft level of volume.
More forward motion with regard to tempo.
A little. Used with other terms, e.g. poco accelerando.
Poco a poco
Little by little.
A direction indicating the tempo is to be very fast.
Slowing the tempo gradually.
The element of music pertaining to time; accurately playing measured groupings of notes in accented and/or unaccented beats.
Slowing down quickly.
Same as a canon where the melody is imitated in two or more voices.
The term used to denote flexibility of tempo to assist in achieving expressiveness.
"Joke-Like", a fast movement in triple time.
Sustaining of tone.
Short detached notes, as opposed to legato; does not mean "short".
Accenting of notes played on an "up-beat" or a subdivision of an "up-beat".
The range of an instrumental or a vocal part.
A melody presented as the main idea in a musical form.
Tone color, quality of sound that distinguishes one verse or instrument from another. It is also determined often by the shape of the sound.
Refers to intonation, pitch, and timbre of an instrument, which expresses meaning, feeling, or attitude of the music.
Tonic or Root
The first tone of a scale also known as a keynote.
Quick repetition of the same note or the rapid alteration between two notes.
Three note chords consisting of a root, third and fifth.
Rapid alternation between notes that are a half tone or whole tone apart, which adheres to the key signature.
Two or more voices or instruments playing the same note simultaneously.
Evenly and rapidly bending a note, similar to wave in the ocean.
Play a composition in a brisk, lively, and spirited manner.