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Infant/Toddler Development Chapter 1 quiz
Terms in this set (10)
While the definition of "young child" varies greatly by age, certain markers are consistent. Which of the following describe the developmental path of a young child?
By age three, most young children have developed the skills to act more independently, Newborns are primarily concerned with personal comfort, Preschoolers can typically, walk, run, climb, yell, and whisper, and have learned to express emotions.
Although young children may find themselves in a variety of settings, the text lists which of the following?
medical care facilities, social service facilities, and part-time preschool programs
Which of the following can be said to characterize atypical behavior in a young child?
Because three-year-olds are still developing physically, Michael often walks and runs awkwardly, and stumbles from time to time.
Why is it important for teachers, researchers, and students of child development to follow the principles of professional ethical conduct?
so teachers don't participate in practices that are emotionally or physically harmful, or intimidating to children, so there are guidelines for dealing with ethical dilemmas
All but which of the following describes the essential adult role with regard to young children?
provide educational opportunities that introduce children to a variety of cultural and ethnic practices
The text describes several cautions that educators must keep in mind when applying broad educational theories to children from lower socioeconomic and/or ethnic minority backgrounds. These include which one of the following?
Theory and research are only one set of data that may shape teaching practice, Educators must not lose sight of the fact that the individual's personal experience and roles in family are important to the total picture, and Theories should be thought of as suggestions or estimations.
The major types of learning theories described in the text include which of the following?
developmental theories that explain changes in the child that result from interactions between growth and learning, behaviorist theories that emphasize changes originating in the environment
A behaviorist emphasizes complex skills, such as riding a bicycle or skating as critical to cognitive development.
Several prominent theorists/researchers have viewed growth and learning as proceeding in an orderly fashion from birth to adulthood. Which of the following is said to describe one of these patterns?
At about eighteen months, language and cognitive abilities develop rapidly as learning takes place through imitation, play, and other self-initiated activities.
Critical theorists believe knowledge is socially constructed and that no universal truths, principles, or laws can be applied to everyone.
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Which of the following is most likely to happen under hypnosis? a. A person, will remember a traumatic event from their past that they had forgotten. b. An adult, will regress to acting exactly like they did as a child. c. A person may be unable to report their grandmother's name if asked to forget it. d. An eyewitness to a crime will give a vivid and accurate description of events that they had forgotten. e. A person, will become less open to suggestions.
Match the term below with its correct definition. addiction A. breathing interruption that occurs during sleep B. the inability to sleep C. drug that increases the activity of the nervous system D. drug that slows the activity of the nervous system E. a system that provides information about something happening in the body F. sleep stage characterized by irregular breathing increased blood pressure, and faster heart rate G. method some people use to try to narrow their consciousness so that stresses of the outside world fade away H. a state of consciousness in which a person's sense of self or sense of the world changes I. awareness of things inside and outside ourselves J. the removal of a harmful substance from the body K. after a person takes a drug for a while, the body craves it to feel normal L. a feeling of great happiness or well-being
Three types of development are listed below. Give a specific example of each. • Brain development • Motor development • Infant memory
Carla has agreed to take part in a sleep study. The researchers are most likely using a(n) _____ to measure her brain waves as she sleeps. a. MRI b. CT scan c. PET scan d. EEG e. EKG
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