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ATTR 210 Final
Terms in this set (57)
when cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is administered to an adult by an individual certified in CPR, the proper ratio of compressions to breaths is 30 compressions to 2 ventilations.
the core body temperature is most accurately measured in the rectum or ___.
at the tympanic membrane in the ear
if an unconscious athlete had a feeble and rapid pulse, had breathing that was shallow and rapid, and was pale and cold, what would the athlete be experiencing?
which of these is NOT a symptom of shock?
slow pulse rate
which of the following splints is best suited for an injury in which the body part is angulated?
a vacuum immobilizer
when treating an individual for shock, one must not give them anything by mouth until a physician has determined that no surgical intervention is indicated.
the normal human body temperature is ___.
98.6 F (37 C)
when assessing a potentially unconscious athlete, what is the first action that must be taken?
determine the level of consciousness and unresponsiveness
after an injury, acute management should be done for how many hours?
what is the normal pulse and respiratory rate for an adult at rest?
60-80 beats/min and 12 breaths/min
which of the following phases of healing involves scar formation and repair?
the fibroblastic phase
which cells lay down extra bone formation over a fracture?
what is the main shaft of the bone known as?
which of the following is the most common site for osteoarthritis?
all of the answers are correct?
what type of injury occurs when a bone comes partially out of its normal articulation then goes right back into place?
muscle soreness is a result of lack of exercise.
which of the following fractures is characterized by a bone fragment that has been pulled away from the bone?
an avulsion fracture
phagocytic cells clean up the mess created by an injury in the ___ of the healing process.
inflammatory response phase
which of the following conditions occurs 12 hours after injury and is most intense after 24 to 48 hours?
specialized tissue, such as a nerve cell, can regenerate even after the cell body dies.
which of the following is true regarding adhesive tape that is continuously wrapped around a body part?
it may cause constriction
which of the following is NOT true of tearing tape?
you should use a twisting to tear the tape
which of the following would be the best way to remove adhesive tape?
pull the skin away from the tape
in order to tape an extremity, which of the following positions would be ideal?
in the position in which it is to be stabilized
in order to gain maximum support, where should you place your tape?
directly to the skin
when taping an arch, have the athlete lie face down on the table.
which of the following will help to hold the tape securely to the skin?
which of the following would require an extra-long six-inch elastic bandage?
when taping for chronic ankle instability, which of the following foot positions would be ideal?
neutral (at a 90-degree angle)
when taping the arch, start at the fourth metatarsal head and move toward the second.
in a heart attack, there is a reduction in blood flow and oxygen supply which causes heart tissue to die, but the heart continues to do what?
an individual suffering from a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), what is their level of consciousness?
what are the two electrical system malfunctions associated with SCA?
pulseless ventricular tachycardia
what are the two things to do for someone with SCA?
CPR, AED, call 911
for every minute that these two measures are not performed, the individual's survival rate decreases by how much?
what are the rate and depth for chest compressions when performing CPR?
100 beats per min
when using an AED, where do you place the electrodes?
right side: upper chest
left side: side of chest, below the armpit
what is "emergency care"?
A, B, C's=airway, breathing, circulation
what is "immediate care"?
first 12 hours after injury
what is "transition care"?
process of returning to play (therapy, rehab)
R in RICES
Rest; limits injury aggravation
I in RICES
ice; reduces swelling
C in RICES
compression; controls edema beyond normal volume, stops the amount of fluid/swelling that spreads
E in RICES
elevation; decreases capillary hydrostatic pressure
S in RICES
stabilization; decreases neural inhibition, decreases pain-spasm-pain cycle
rationale for wrap application: to apply a compression force to the knee to reduce the accumulation of ___ in the joint following injury.
selects a ___ single or double length elastic wrap.
positions individual seated with knee slightly ___ and heel on table.
instruct individual to relax lower leg and ___.
begins wrap at mid-calf over ___ muscle belly.
spirals wrap, moving ___ around the leg/knee.
overlap wrap by ___ its width.
gradually ___ tension on wrap, creating distal to proximal pressure gradient.
secures wrap with half-strips of ___ adhesive tape.
inch and a half
where do you start and end an ACE bandage?
start distal, end proximal
what percent should you stretch an ACE bandage?
how much tension for the ACE bandage would you end with?
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