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Terms in this set (182)
Decreased PH or and increased hydrogen ion concentration of the blood
Pathologic condition resulting from the accumulation of acid or loss of base from the body
Severe or sudden onset
Nebulized particles suspended in a gas or in air. Pressurized gas containing a finely nebulized medication for inhalation therapy. A pressurized gas containing a nebulized chemical agent for sterilizing the air of a room.
increased pH or decreased hydrogen ion concentration of the blood
Abnormal condition of body fluids characterized by a tendency toward a blood pH level greater than 7.45 caused by an excess alkaline bicarbonate or deficiency of acid
Small outpouching along the walls of the alveolar sacs through which gas exchange between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood takes place
Pertaining to the surrounding area or atmosphere usually a defined area such as room or another large enclosed space.
An absence of spontaneous respiration
The absence of germs sterile
Condition caused by an insufficient uptake of oxygen
inhalation of gastric or pharyngeal contents into the pulmonary tree
Inflammation and swelling of the mucus membrane of the bronchi in a patient with asthma
Collapsed or airless lung. May be caused by obstruction of the airways by foreign bodies mucus plugs or excessive secretions or by compression from without as by tumors aneurysm
Act of listening for sounds within the body to evaluate the condition of the heart blood vessels, lungs pleura, intestines, or other organs or to detect the fetal heart sound. May be performed directly with the unaided ear but must commonly with a stethoscope to determine the frequency intensity duration and quality of the sound.
Barrel chest large rounded thorax as in the inspiratory phase considered normal in some stocky individuals and certain others who live-in high-altitude areas and consequently have increased vital capacity. A sign of pulmonary emphysema also known as emphysematous chest
Abnormal condition of the bronchial tree characterized by irreversible dilation and destruction of the bronchial walls
Small airway of the respiratory system extending from the bronchi into the lobes of the lung. Two divisions the terminal bronchioles passively conduct inspired air from the bronchi to the respiratory bronchioles and expired air from the respiratory bronchioles to the bronchi.
Respiratory complaint of discomfort in any but an erect sitting or standing position
Hemoglobin that is transporting bound oxygen
blister cavity or vesicle filled with air or fluid a bleb
Microscopic blood vessels joining arterioles and venules. The wall consists of a single joining arterioles and venules. Wall consist of a single layer endothelial cells which are specialized squamous epithelial cells. Blood and tissue fluids exchange various substances across the walls
Malignant tumor that occurs in epithelial tissue. These neoplasms tend to infiltrate and give rise to metastases
Any structure shaped like a ridge cleft or keel such as the carina of the trachea which projects from the lowest tracheal cartilage
Small hairlike processes projecting from epithelial cells on the outer surfaces of some cells, aiding metabolism by producing motion eddies, or current in a fluid. In the lung cilia wave mucus, pus, and dust upwards.
A measure of distensibility of the lung volume produced by a unit of pressure change. (Can also mean a patient's fulfillment of a caregivers prescribed course of treatment.)
Hypertrophy or failure of the right ventricle resulting from disorders of the lungs pulmonary vessels or chest wall
Is an essential protective response that serves to clear the lungs bronchi and trachea of irritants and secretions or to prevent aspiration of foreign materials into the lungs. Cough reflex center is located in the medulla of the brain. It responds to stimulation transmitted by the glossopharyngeal (CN9) or vagus (CN10) nerve.
Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes caused by an excess of deoxygenated hemoglobin in the blood or a structural defect in the hemoglobin molecule such as in methemoglobin.
Central- tongue, soft palate, and conjunctiva
Peripheral- vasoconstriction, extremities, nailbeds, and ear lobes
Late sign of hypoxia
Is the primary muscle of respiration concave surface forms the roof of the abdominal cavity?
Inspiration- diaphragm contracts and causes the intrathoracic pressure to decrease.
Period in the heart cycle during which the muscle fibers relax and lengthen the heart dilates and the cavities fill with blood
Air hunger resulting in labored or difficult breathing sometimes accompanied by pain symptoms include audible labored breathing distressed anxious expression dilated nostrils protrusion of the abdomen with an expanded chest and gasping
Normal quiet breathing at a rate of 12 to 20 breaths per minute in adults
Local or generalized condition in which the body tissues contain an excessive amount of fluid
Abnormal condition in which an embolus travels through the bloodstream and becomes lodged in a blood vessel.
Abnormal condition of the pulmonary system. Characterized by overinflation and destructive changes in alveolar walls. Loss of lung elasticity and decreased gas exchange. Can be caused pollution and cigarette smoking
tube Within or through the trachea
Cardiac arrhythmia marked by rapid depolarizations of the ventricular myocardium. Complete lack of organized electric activity and of ventricular ejection. Blood pressure falls to zero resulting in unconsciousness. Death may occur in 4 minutes. cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be made immediately.
Inflammation of the bronchioles the airways that extend beyond the bronchi and terminate in the alveoli bronchiolitis is attributable to viral infections such as parainfluenza influenza adenovirus and especially respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)
A drug that causes widening of the bronchi. Any of those taken by inhalation for the alleviation of asthma
higher than normal blood pressure greater than normal tension or tonus
Increase in size of an organ or structure that does not involve tumors formation
Increased rate and depth of breathing
increased alveolar ventilation
Decreased rate and depth
decreased alveolar ventilation
abnormally low arterial carbon dioxide level
greater than normal amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
abnormal condition in which the blood pressure is not adequate for normal perfusion and oxygenation of the tissues and expand intravascular space hypovolemia or diminished cardiac output may be cause
refers to low inadequate oxygen for aerobic cellular metabolism
Refers to an abnormally low arterial oxygen tension Pa02 and is frequently associated with hypoxia which is inadequate
Act of drawing air into the lungs. major muscle of inspiration is the diaphragm, the contraction in which creates reduced pressure in the chest causing the lung to expand and air to flow inward
breathing out normally a passive process depending on the elastic qualities of the lung tissue and the thorax
decreased supply of oxygenated blood to a body part. Condition is often marked by pain and organ dysfunction
organ of voice that is part of the upper airway passage connecting the pharynx with the trachea
of the lung is a tongue like projection from the costal surface of the upper lobe of the lung
surgical excision of one or more. lobes of the lung
part of the thoracic cavity in the middle of the thorax between the pleural sacs containing the two lungs. It extends from the sternum to the vertebral column and contains all the thoracic viscera except the lungs
After of all the chemical processes that take place in living organisms, resulting in growth generation of energy elimination of waste and other function as they relate to distribution of nutrients in the blood after digestion
The viscous slippery secretion of mucous membranes and glands containing mucin white blood cells water inorganic salts and exfoliated cells.
The pairs of anterior and posterior openings to the nasal cavity that allow the passage of air to the pharynx and ultimately the lugs during respiration
Uppermost of three regions of the throat (pharynx) situated behind the nasal cavity and extending from the posterior nares to the level above the soft palate. On the posterior wall of the nasopharynx opposite the posterior nares are the pharyngeal tonsils.
Hospital acquired infection
Complex protein iron compound in the blood that carries oxygen to the cells from the lungs and carbon dioxide away from the cells to the lungs.
Coughing up blood from the respiratory tract. Blood-streaked sputum often is present in minor upper respiratory infections or bronchitis
Wedge shaped area on the central portion of each lung located on the medial aspect of each lung. It is where the bronchi arteries veins and nerves enter and exit the lung.
Hilus of the lung
The functional tissue or cells of an organ or gland as distinguished from supporting or connective tissue
Delicate serous membrane enclosing the lungs composed of a single layer or flattened mesothelial cells resting on a delicate membrane of connective tissue
Thick mucus secreted by the tissues lining the airways of the lungs
Inflammation of the parietal pleura of the lungs it is characterized by dyspnea and stabbing pain leading to restriction of ordinary breathing with spasm of the chest on the affected side palpation
Any disease of the lung caused by chronic inhalation of dust usually mineral dust of occupational or environmental origin. Example: anthracosis, asbestosis silicosis
An acute inflammation of the lungs often caused by inhaled pneumococci of the species Streptococcus pneumoniae. Alveoli and bronchioles of the lung become plugged with a fibrous exudate. Can be caused by bacteria, viruses, Rickettsia and fungi.
Presence of air or gas in the pleural space, causing a lung to collapse. May be the result of an open chest wound that permits the entrance of air the rupture of an emphysematous vesicle on the surface of the lung or severe bought of coughing.
Formation of scar tissue in the connective tissue of the lungs as a sequel. To any inflammation or irritation caused by tuberculosis, bronchopneumonia, or pneumoconiosis. Localized fibrosis may be complicated by infraction, abscess or bronchiectasis.
Pounding or racing of the heart. It is associated with normal emotional responses of the heart and display no evidence of heart disease whereas other with serious heart disorders may not detect associated abnormal palpitations.
Abnormal rattling sound heard when examining unhealthy lungs with a stethoscope
Measure of resistance of the impedance to air flow through the bronchopulmonary system. It is the reciprocal of airway conductance
air way resistant
The molecular exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body's tissues. The process of moving air into and out of the lungs.
Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose usually accompanied by swelling of the mucosa and a nasal discharge. It may be complicated by sinusitis. Can be acute allergic atrophic or vasomotor. (coryza)
Abnormal sound heard on auscultation of an airway obstructed by thick secretions muscular spasm neoplasm or external pressure. Continuous rumbling sound is more pronounced during expiration and characteristically clears coughing and whereas gurgles do not
Condition of inadequate blood flow to the body's tissues with life threatening cellular dysfunction. Inadequate cardiac output hypotension, oliguria changes in peripheral blood flow resistance and distribution and tissue damage.
To redirect the flow of a body fluid from one cavity or vessel to another. A tube or device implanted in the body to redirect a body fluid from one cavity or vessel to another.
An occasional deep breath that may be 1.5 times the normal tidal volume. Many mechanical ventilators can be set to provide a selected number of deep inspirations each hour. Helps prevent atelectasis.
An instrument that measures and records the volume inhaled and exhaled air, used to assess pulmonary function. Volumetric information is recorded on a chart called a spirogram
An abnormal condition characterized by the constriction or narrowing of an opening or passageway in the body structure. The term is commonly used to describe heart valve and vessel abnormalities as well as narrowing of joint spaces as in cervical stenosis can be aortic stenosis or pyloric stenosis.
Part of the heart cycle in which the heart is in contraction
State or condition resulting from the psychological or physiological reaction to a stressful situation characterized by physically by a general increase in muscle tonus, heart rate respiration rate and alertness and psychologically by feelings of strain uneasiness, irritability and anxiety.
largest airway a fibroelastic tube found at the level of the sixth cervical vertebra to the fifth thoracic vertebra carries air to and from the lungs. At the carina it divides into two bronchi, one leading to each lung. The trachea is lined with mucous membrane and its inner surface is lined with ciliated epithelium.
Incision of the skin muscles and trachea
Operation entailing cutting into the trachea through the neck usually for insertion of a tube to overcome upper airway obstruction
Mechanical movement of air into and out of the lungs in a cyclic manner. The activity is autonomic and voluntary and has two components an inward flow of air called inhalation or inspiration and an outward flow called exhalation or expiration.
Total lung ventilation per minute the product of tidal volume and respiration rate. It is measured by expired gas collection for a period of 1 to 3 minutes. The normal rate is 5 to 10 liters per minute.
Passage of a tube into a body aperture specifically the insertion of a breathing tube through the mouth or nose into the trachea to ensure a patent airway for the delivery of anesthetic gases and oxygen or both (endotracheal intubation and nasotracheal intubation)
American Association for respiratory Care
Arterial blood gas
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
ambient temperature and pressure
Ambient Termperature and pressure saturated
The act of listening to lung sounds via stethoscope
Twice per day
BOARD OF MEDICAL ADVISORS
body surface area
indicates the combination or joining of both pulmonary lungs and cardiac heart system
centers for disease control
Congestive heart failure
centimeters of water (unit of measurement)
Central nervous system
committee on accreditation for respiratory care
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Certified pulmonary function technician
certified respiratory therapist or certified respiratory therapy technician
Expiratory reserve volume
Forced expiratory volume
Forced expiratory volume in 1 second
fraction of inspired oxygen
INSPIRATORY TO EXPIRATORY RATIO
IDEA body weight
intensive care unit
liters (unit of measurement
National Board for Respiratory Care
neonatal intensive care unit
NOTHING BY MOUTH
partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide
partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood
POSTIVE END EXPIRATORY PRESSURE
PEAK EXPIRATORY FLOW RATE
PULMONARY FUNCTION TEST
partial pressure of oxygen
pounds per square in gauge
every 2 hours
every 3 hours
every 3 hours
every 4 hours
every 6 hours
once per day
4 times a day
respiratory care practitioner
respiratory distress syndrome
room air at standard barometric pressure
Registered pulmonary function technician
registered respiratory therapist
Adult critical care speciality
Oxygen saturation of arterial blood
standard temperature pressure dry (o degrees, 760 mmHg)
Slow vital capacity
small volume nebulizer
Three times per day
measurement of equivalent to mmHg
expired minute volume
respiratory rate times tidal volume
Tidal volume amount of gas moved in and out of the lungs with each breath
work of breathing
Exams and creditentialing,
National board for respiratory care NBRC
1. set standards for practice, lobby government on our behalf set ethics, set standard of care.
2. Care methods are cost effective
3. Procedure effective
4. identify resolve patient care conflict
AARC American association for respiratory care
Educational programs accredited schools in collaboration with association of specialized professional accreditors
Commission of Accreditation for respiratory Care Coarc
Entry level certification
registry examination to become accredited
2 years associates degree
Certified Respiratory therapist
Main accrediting body for hospitals and facility inspection audit and tour (CQT) - continuous Quality Improvement detect and correct factors hindering quality vare
Therapies modalities and core that we have evidence that work
1. systematic review of available evidence
2. critical analysis conclusions are sound applicable
3. disciplined approach to literature with personal practice experience
Evidence based medication is how we ensure quality in care delivery
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