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First Aid and CPR Final Exam
BIG PURRRR is Healthy.
Terms in this set (25)
Occurs when the airway becomes either partially or completely blocked by a foreign object
3 signs or symptoms of Choking
1. Panicked facial expression
2. The person places one or both hands on their throat.
3. Forceful or weak coughing.
If someone is choking and can cough, how should you give care?
Encourage the person to keep coughing to get the object out themselves.
How do you give care for some that is choking and cannot breathe?
Ask someone to call 9-1-1, ask for consent and then give 5 back blows and 5 abdominal thrusts.
What should you do if you are unable to reach your arms around someone to give abdominal thrusts?
Give chest thrusts.
How do you give care to yourself if you are choking and you are alone?
Call 9-1-1, even if you can't speak. Give yourself abdominal thrusts or bend over a firm object. Don't bend on anything sharp.
How you give care for someone that was choking and has become unresponsive
Send someone to call 9-1-1 and get a first aid kit and an AED. Carefully lower the person on the ground and begin CPR. After each set compressions and rescue breaths, check for the object and remove it if seen.
What are at least four signs and symptoms of sudden illness?
1. Trouble breathing
4. Light-headedness or dizziness
What is respiratory distress?
3 Common Triggers for Asthma
2. Air pollution
What is anaphylaxis?
A life threatening allergic reaction
Four causes for Seizures
3. Diabetic emergencies
4. Heat stroke
Four causes of fainting
1. Decrease in blood flow to the brain
3. Being too hot
4. Being in a crowded room.
If someone is having a seizure, should you try and stop the seizure by holding them down?
No. Let the seizure run its course.
A progressive life-threatening condition in which the circulatory system fails to deliver enough oxygen rich blood to the body's tissues and organs.
What is the difference between open and closed wounds?
In a closed wound the skin is intact and the underlying tissues are injured but an open wound means the skin is broken and blood may come through.
How do you give first aid to someone that has a burn?
1. Stop the burning.
2. Cool the burn with water.
3. Cover the burn with a bandage.
What does RICE stand for and what injuries is it used as first aid for?
It is used for Muscle, Bone, and Joint Injuries.
R - Rest
I - Immobilize
C - Cold
E - Elevate
3 Signs and Symptoms of Head, Neck, and Spinal Injuries
1. Nausea or vomiting
2. Persistent headache.
3. Loss of balance
Always suspect an _ in a person that multiple injuries.
Should you try to move someone, for any reason, that has a pelvic injury?
No because moving the person will make the pelvic injury worse.
What are some causes of shock?
1. Severe bleeding
2. Severe allergic reactions
If you and a friend have been playing outside in the sun and they show signs and symptoms such as a mental status change (such as confusion or loss of consciousness), trouble seeing, a seizure, their skin is hot to the touch, the person's breathing is
rapid and shallow, and their heartbeat is rapid and weak, what illness might they have and what first aid care should you provide?
They are having a heat stroke. Call 9-1-1, ask for consent, and take steps to cool the person until EMS personnel arrive.
5 Household Poisons
3. Cleaning products
5. Glues and Paints
List the steps for first aid care for uncomplicated insect stings and what to do if someone with an insect sting shows signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis.
1. Use plastic card to scrape the singer away from the skin.
2. Wash the area and then apply an antibiotic wound ointment.
3. Cover bite with adhesive bandage
4. Apply cold pack.
Call 9-1-1 and provide first aid care until help arrives if the person is showing signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis.
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