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Quizlet 3700 final
Terms in this set (40)
B-oxidation of odd numbered fatty acids produces what products?
Acetyl coA and propionyl CoA
Fatty acids are building blocks used in the formation of
Phospholipids and triglycerides
The carbon skeletons for amino acids are intermediates from
Penrose phosphate pathway
In the first step of the urea cycle, CO2 and NH4+ are converted into ___________________.
Which enzyme catalyzes the addition of dioxyribonucleotides to DNA
Which enzyme is responsible for removing the RNA primer from the newly synthesized DNA strand during DNA replication?
DNA polymerase 1
Which complex removes introns in eukaryotic mRNA?
Protein synthesis takes place on
ribosomes in the cytoplasm
Accuracy during translation is most dependent on
Aminoacyl tRNA charging
Proteins are synthesized in what direction
N-terminus to C-terminus
What molecule is required for the activation of glucose for incorporation into glycogen
What is the process by which noncarbohydrate precursor molecules are converted into glucose?
What cycle is responsible for converting muscle lactate into glucose in the liver?
What enzyme is responsible for the reaction of pyruvate to acetyl-CoA
What is the product of the complete oxidation of carbon in the TCA cycle?
For each acetyl-CoA that is oxidized completely via the TCA cycle, hoe many CO2 are released?
Aconitase, the TCA cycle enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of citrate to isocitrate contains which cofactor?
A function of the glyoxylate cycle is to
Allow acetyl-CoA to be converted into carbohydrates
Which enzyme catalyzes the reduction of O2?
Cytochrome c oxidase
What type of gradient is critical to ATP formation by oxidative phosphorylation?
How does the Boyer binding change mechanism describe the process of ATP synthesis?
Each beta subunit can perform three sequential reactions to bind ADP and Pi, synthesize ATP and release ATP
What metal ion does chlorophyll contain?
The manganese center of photosystem II converts ________________ to ________________.
H2O to O2
Which products from the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis are used in the Calvin cycle?
ATP and NADPH
The conversion of 3-phosphoglycerate to 1,3-biphosphoglycerate requires what as a cosubstrate?
What enzyme catalyzes the addition of UDP glucose to glycogen?
In the G-protein coupled receptor signal transduction system, which of the following does not contribute to the termination of the signal?
Phosphorylation of the G-protein coupled receptor
Components of cell membranes
The formation of glycosidic bond between two monosaccharides is a ______ reaction that results in a _____ linkage
One of the ways the signal in the insulin transduction pathway is propagated throughout the cell is by
Phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrates
Proteins often have regions that show specific, coherent patterns of folding or function. These regions are called:
When an enzyme is added to a reaction that it catalyzes, the ____ for the reaction changes
Free energy of activation
The binding of O2 to the gene in one subunit of hemoglobin has what effect?
It alters the tertiary structure of all four subunits
Ibuprofen regulation of the activity of cyclooxigenase is called _____ regulation
Which of the following best describes the type of bond formed between two nucleotides in a molecule of RNA?
In competitive inhibition, an inhibitor
binds reversibly at the active sites
Which of the following functional groups would increase the solubility of a molecule in water?
Heme is classified as a
Which best describes the bonds or interactions that stabilize the protein alpha helix?
The -NH from the peptide bond forms a hydrogen bond with the C=O from the amino acid four amino acids ahead in the chain
Spontaneous association of nonpolar molecules in water is driven by ______ which is facilitated by a _______
Increase in the entropy of the water molecules
Recommended textbook explanations
Miller and Levine Biology
Joseph S. Levine, Kenneth R. Miller
Fundamentals of Biochemistry
Charlotte W. Pratt, Donald Voet, Judith G. Voet
Biocalculus: Calculus, Probability, and Statistics for the Life Sciences
Campbell Biology (AP Edition)
Cain, Campbell, Minorsky, Reece, Urry, Wasserman
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