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Economic Inequality and Education
Week 11. This flashcard set is short because the articles read this week are better studied through the review questions on Moodle and mind maps.
Terms in this set (20)
25 years (it was not intended to last this long)
How long was the Johns Hopkin's study on the correlation between poverty and education?
"[the children's] lives were constrained or cushioned by the circumstances they were born into, by the employment and education prospects of their parents, by the addictions or job contracts that would become their economic inheritance."
What was the main conclusion of the study done by Johns Hopkin's sociologists?
The report: The Long Shadow (I would argue that this title indicates the shadow that the families and neighborhoods the kids were born into casts on their life chances)
The study: The Beginning School Study
What was the Johns Hopkin's study titled? (consider why this is relevant)
How the children in the Johns Hopkin's study were referred to.
- Crack epidemic
- Decline of urban industry
- Waning national interest in inner cities and the war on poverty
What are some elements of historical context that help us to understand the situation of the children in the John's Hopkins study?
- Young children are valuable subjects for study
- The foundations built in first-grade translate into later success
- "More privileged families are better able to leverage the promise of education"
- Disadvantaged children often fall further behind in the summer
What are some of the results of The Beginning School Study that had implications for the whole of sociology and sociological reasearch?
In short, no. Education is perceived as the great equalizer, but in reality it functions to magnify or intensify the impact of existing inequalities that are prevalent due to economic and racial divides.
Is education the great equalizer?
True or false: In the beginning school study, they found that although white boys received some of the lowest education of the urban disadvantaged they still earned more than all of the other urban disadvantaged later in life.
- Family backgrounds
- Problem behaviors
- Economic prospects
What were the forces documented in the beginning school study?
The practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria.
True or false: Tracking disproportionately places high-income students into gifted programs compared to low-income students.
What are some of the "other criteria" that schools in NC use besides test scores to track students?
Aptitude tests favor students who have experience with sophisticated english, which is often spoken by the parents in high-income families.
Why do aptitude tests provide an unfair advantage to high-income students compared to low-income students when determining giftedness?
- The use of aptitude testing and other means that favor high-income students who have experience with sophisticated english besides test scores (EOC/EOG) to judge giftedness.
- Not enough school counselors
- High-income students could afford to pay for separate testing by a psychologist
What are the major contributors to the disproportionate number of high-income students in gifted programs compared to low-income students?
they lack the capacity to advance themselves
When intelligent students are not challenged . . .
(1) Hire more school counselors
(2) Fill gifted classes with high achieving students who just miss the cut-off
(3) Higher more teachers of color (improve diversity to help reduce stereotyping)
(4) Pay for extra opportunities when parents can't
(5) Make better use of student data (EVASS)
What are the five possible solutions suggested by the News and Observer report to improve the economic inequality in the education system?
The U.S. is currently experiencing a rise in ______ inequality.
existing inequalities surrounding one's social position.
The quality of education one receives is largely dictated by . . .
90/10 income achievement gap
The achievement gap between children whose parents are in the 90th and 10th percentiles is increasing.
Enrichment Expenditures / Investing in Children
Families making a high income have begun to spend more on __________ ____________ for their children.
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