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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
AMERICAN HISTORY 4 learning targets
Terms in this set (22)
Lexington and Concord
"The shot heard 'round the world". First battle in the American Revolution - knowbody knows who fired the first shot. Samuel Prescott finished Reveres famous ride.
Turning point of the war. American victory brings alliance w/ France and Spain. Horatio Gates American commander
"It's all over!" Cornwallis occupies Yorktown peninsula. Escape blocked by French navy and Washington, Layfayette, Degrasse, and Rochambeau. British surrender 8,000 men
Winter quarters for Americans. Hardships: lack of food, clothing and shelter. American patriotism, courage and duty. Baron Von Steuben trains the men.
Treaty of Paris
American independence! New boundaries. England pulls soldiers out of colonies
Battle of Quebec
(1759) British victory over French forces on the outskirts of Quebec. The surrender of Quebec marked the beginning of the end of French rule in North America.
"Remember the ladies" first call for equal rights for women
Mercy Otis Warren
Wrote poems and essays supporting independence
Women who carried water to men on the battlefield
Bernardo de Galvez
Governor of Spanish Louisiana
Free African American elected a judge, historian, schoolmaster, archeologist, and soldier. Fought at Battle of Saratoga.
Member of the Sons of Liberty. Organized Boston Tea Party. Radical patriot
Helped write Declaration of Independence, negotiated Treaty of Paris
African American slave and spy for American forces. Double agent who obtained info for Washington at Yorktown. Marquis de Layfayette helped him gain freedom
Negotiated Treaty of Alliance w/ France and Treaty of Paris. Helped write Declaration of Independence
Gave $600,000 to fight for American independence. Spy who convinced the Hessians to leave the British
"Give me Liberty or give me death." Famous patriot speaker.
Main writer of the Declaration of Independence. Third president
Marquis de Layfayette
"The soldiers' friend." 19 yr old French officer who came to America to support independence. "Adopted" son of George Washington
Commander of Continental Army
American writer who helped inspire the revolution. "Common Sense" "The American Crisis"
King George II
Supported taxation of the colonies after French and Indian War. King of England
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