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Terms in this set (25)
Which of the following is NOT one of the types of information required in the profiling technique?
evidence against suspect
In taking field notes about a murder victims's gunshot wounds, which detail should officer omit?
type of gun used
Evidence such as fingerprints, footprints, bloodstains, and fibers are examples of
What statement is true of CODIS?
CODIS stores DNA profiles from across the country in a series of local, state, and national databases, all linked via computers
Which of the following is true of the triangulation method of sketching?
it is a bird's eye view of the scene that uses fixed objects from which to measure
Which statement below is true regarding a crime scene finished sketch.
the finished sketch is a completed sketch usually drawn to scale from information contained on the rough sketch
When do police officers use field interview cards (FI cards)?
when patrol officers happen on people in circumstances that appear suspicious but there is not sufficient cause for arrest
A police officer at a home invasion robbery is measuring the scene for a crime scene sketch. The officer carefully and accurately measures the main room and the body of the 70 year old victim lying on the floor. The officer then estimates the position of a knife that is presumed to be the murder weapon and records that estimate carefully on the sketch. What is the likelihood of the admissibility of the crime scene in court?
the sketch is likely to be inadmissible
Which of the following are the main groups of fingerprints?
A, B, C
A police officer investigation a sexual assault and recovered the underwear that was worn by the victim after the assault. How should the officer package the evidence so as to not damage potential DNA evidence?
the officer should make sure the evidence is air dried, then sealed in a paper bag
Which of the following is the best interpretation of the Frye standard?
new scientific evidence may be used in court only when it has gained general acceptance in the scientific community
During a pretrial hearing in a murder case, a defense attorney is attempting to suppress a photograph from trial that was legally obtained by the police. The photograph in question is a picture of a deceased six year old male victim, nude, with multiple stab wounds, mutilated appendages, and large amounts of blood. Assuming the picture was properly authenticated, what is the likely rationale for the judge to suppress this photo?
this photograph is a prejudicial image
Which technique was used by the Pinkerton agency until it was declared unconstitutional by Congress in 1937?
a "rogues gallery" to identify suspects
Which of the following addresses the criminal investigations of crimes that have already occurred?
Because of the changing nature of criminal activity and the role of the investigator, the objectives of a criminal investigation may be more complex than people imagine. Which of the following are objectives of criminal investigations?
recover stolen property and prepare sound criminal cases for prosecution
Which of the following can be processed using the AFIS?
An investigator needs fingerprints from a knife recovered from a crime scene. The investigator intends to send the knife to the FBI crime lab by placing the knife into a cardboard box after it is secured to a rigid board. The invoice, transmittal form, and property receipt are also secured inside the box. The box is sealed and then sent to the crime lab. What can be said about the process that was used to ship the evidence to the crime lab?
the process used was improper because the invoice should have been affixed to the outside of the box
After an initial evaluation of evidence in a case, the criminal investigator draws conclusions through a process of reasoning. This process is typically achieved through inductive or deductive reasoning. Which of the following statements is an example of strong INDUCTIVE reasoning?
all observed crows are black; therefore, all crows are black
For which of the following purposes does an officer use FI cards?
to jot down notes about suspicious persons during a watch
Which is the best usage of a close up photo?
documenting powder burns
Two police officers are investigating a child abuse and neglect case and during the walk through, it was evident that significant evidence is located in the child's bedroom. What search method should the officers use to most effectively search the child's room?
the quadrant or zone search method
What is IAFIS?
the integrated automated fingerprint identification system, which is a national fingerprint and criminal history database maintained by the FBI
which of the following units received and examines evidence related to firearms, ammunition, and tools?
forensic ballistics unit
Which of the following is true about writing and using field notes in the courtroom?
it is acceptable for a person who did not prepare the field notes to testify about their reliability
Which of the following processes of taking fingerprints involves the development of prints by using amino acids resulting from perspiration?
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