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Terms in this set (25)
Makhraj of NOON
when edge of the tongue meets gums of the teeth from one canine to the other (top-front 6 teeth).
Makhraj of LAM
When edge of the tongue meets the gums of the teeth from one pre-molar to the other (top-front 8 teeth).
Makhraj of ghunnah: Nostrils
Noon and meem with tashdeed
When RAA has a vowel on it, when will it be read full/empty mouth?
Fatha and Dammah: Full mouth
Kasra: empty mouth
If raa saakin and before it is a letter with a fatha/dhamma it will be read with _____ mouth, and if it is kasra it will be read _____ mouth.
When will raa saakin preceded by a saakin letter be read with full mouth?
When the letter before the raa saakin is any letter other than YA.
Characteristic of ghunnah
Heavy (strong) nasal sound
Tongue touches roof of mouth
Meaning and characteristics of Ikhfaa
Means "to hide"
Light nasal sound
Tongue does not touch roof of mouth, but comes close
Meaning and rule of Ith-haar
To make apparent, clear
If AFTER noon saakin and tanween any LETTERS OF THE THROAT appear, then it will be pronounced clearly (no nasal sound made).
Meaning and rule of Ikhfaa
To conceal, hide
If after noon saakin and tanween, any letters of ikhfaa appear, then a light nasal sound will be made.
LETTERS: ta, tha, jeem, daal, thal, za, seen, sheen, saad, daad, taa, dhaa, fa, qaf, kaf
Meaning and rule of Iqlaab
To change, morph
when after noon saakin and tanween the letter baa appears, then it will change into a meem; will take place with ghunnah
Meaning and rule of Idghaam
To join, merge
If after noon saakin and tanween, any letters of YARMALOON appear, idghaam will take place
In laam and raa, idghaam will take place _______ ghunnah
In ya, waw, meem, nun, idghaam will take place _____ ghunnah
3 Rules of Meem Saakin
Idghaam shafawi, Ikhfaa shafawi, and Ith-haar shafawi
If after meem saakin there appears a meem, then idghaam will take place with a ghunnah.
If after meem saakin there appears a baa, then ikhfaa with take place with ghunnah.
If after meem saakin there appears any letter beside meem and baa, then ith-haar will take place.
Two types of madd
Madd asli and madd far'ee
How long is madd asli stretched?
Only 1 alif
What is madd far'ee?
After madd letter, there appears a hamza or sukoon
After madd letter, a hamza appears in same word
Duration: 2 1/2-4 alifs
After madd letter a hamza appears in next word
Duration: 2 1/2-4 alifs
After madd letter there appears a suqoon waqfi (like at the end of an ayah)
Duration: 1-5 alifs, but make it uniform
After madd letter there appears a sukoon
Duration: 5 alifs
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
ECON MACRO Final Exam - Quiz Questions
SCMT Module 10
Mechanic Privileges and Limitations Oral