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Terms in this set (34)
An implied presidential power that allows the president to refuse to disclose information regarding confidential conversations or national security to Congress or the judiciary.
Money granted by Congress or to a state legislature for a specific purpose
a legal rule stating who is authorized to start a lawsuit
de facto segregation
Segregation resulting from economic or social conditions or personal choice.
(law) the administration of justice according to established rules and principles
Government spending. Major areas of federal spending are social services and national defense.
Wide-ranging powers a president may exercise during times of crisis or those powers permitted the president by Congress for a limited time.
Process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power.
de jure segregation
segregation by law
Policies designed to protect people against arbitrary or discriminatory treatment by government officials or individuals.
Let the decision stand; decisions are based on precedents from previous cases
The power of the president or a governor to pardon someone or reduce their sentence.
This is the re-allocation of seats in the House among the 50 states that occurs every ten years after the US Census to reflect changing population levels.
Negotiation between nations
the freedom to think and act without government interference or fear of unfair legal treatment
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
the legislative leader elected by party members holding the majority of seats in the House or Senate
The process of reallocating seats in the House of Representatives every 10 years on the basis of the results of the census.
voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
an earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances.
Philosophy proposing that judges should interpret the Constitution to reflect what the framers intended and what its words literally say.
the legislative leader elected by party members holding a minority of seats in the House or the Senate
Dred Scott V. Sandford
1857 Supreme Court decision that stated that slaves were not citizens; that living in a free state or territory, even for many years, did not free slaves; and declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
Brown V. Board of Education
1954 - The Supreme Court overruled Plessy v. Ferguson, declared that racially segregated facilities are inherently unequal and ordered all public schools desegregated.
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
Extends to the defendant the right of counsel in all state and federal criminal trials regardless of their ability to pay.
Schenck v. US (1919)
A 1919 decision upholding the conviction of a socialist who had urged young men to resist the draft during World War I. Justice Holmes declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
Mapp v. Ohio (1961)
Established exclusionary rule; illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in court; Warren Court's judicial activism.
Obergefell v. Hodges (2015)
The Fourteenth Amendment requires a State to license a marriage between two people of the same sex and to recognize a marriage between two people of the same sex when their marriage was lawfully licensed and performed out-of-State.
Hernandez v. Texas (1954)
A 1954 Supreme Court decision that extended protection against discrimination to Hispanics.
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