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Latin America Final Exam Study Guide
Terms in this set (31)
Foreign dominances over sovereign nation-states in areas of economics, cultures, politics, military, & society.
Great Export Boom (1870 - 1930)
Period of massive Latin American exports entered global markets.
· Examples: Rubber = Brazil; Agave = Mexico; Bananas = Central America
Diaz's bureaucrats to implement positivist approaches to agriculture, economics, cultural programming & education.
Downes v. Bidwell
(Insular Cases, 1901) U.S. Supreme Court cases to determine Puerto Rico belong to but not part of. U.S.
Mercenaries involved with capturing territory for the purpose of political and economic gains.
Imports Substitution Industrialization (ISI)
National economic programs where raw material & masses produced goods are manufactured & sold within a country's borders.
· National economic independency
· Meets national labor needs
· Fueled nationalism
Women soldiers during the Mexican Revolution.
Gag Law (1948)
Law to prohibit the ownership and or display of Puerto Rican flag on the island.
Fulgencio Batista (1934 - 1959)
U.S. backed Cuban leader who ruled the island through corruption. Benefited from gunboat diplomacy to assert power after Navy ships docked the island to remove Ramon Grau San Martin.
Free - market economic theory advocating developing countries to focus on raw materials & consumable foods; discouraged nationally-driven industrialization.
Getulio Vargas's dictatorial efforts to industrialize Brazil & consolidate power; censored press, dissolved legislature, and banned political parties, encouraged race mixing, labor unions.
Two-day riot in Bogota triggered with the murder of Jorge Eliecer Gaitan.
· Rights to organize
· Increase wages
· Educational & social reforms
· Juan Jose Arevalo's administration experienced more than 20 military coups.
Bay of Pigs
Failed efforts of Cuban experts with CIA supports, to overthrow Castro's Cuban Revolution.
National Security Doctrine
Latin American countries quelled (put an end) Marxist movements internally, while U.S. focused on global efforts.
· Targets: Labor leaders., union organizers, university students & faculty, & urban dwellers.
Church officials defended the Latin American indigenous poor during thew wars.
Voting bloc to secure presidency for Salvador Allende in 1970.
19th and 20th century popular notion suggesting societies benefitted from selective breeding.
Jose Vasconcelo's theory of a synthesized race born in Latin America. Gradual creation of one organic hybrid Latin American race, reaching racial harmony unlike North America.
Settlements of escaped and or freed-black slaves resisting European colonization.
The access of consumer goods to middle-class residents in developing countries.
· Higher consumption of processed fast food & mass-produced goods.
· Serious competition to local industries
The sue of U.S. economists & global financial institutions to force Latin American countries to adopt neoliberal polices
· Latin American government needed to support private sector
· Lower protectionist tariffs, & welcome move foreign investments.
· Adopt lassie-faire economic policies with reduction of state-owned industries.
Factory in Mexico producing goods & services for multinational corporations.
Makeshift homes in Brazil's urban centers, occupied by severely - poor, landless residents.
Industries generated around extractions of raw materials and agriculture, mostly for exports.
· Brazil's case: Logging is a big business, cattle ranching produces beef exports for U.S., soy production exported to Europe.
Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America
Coalition of Latin America & Caribbean government to generate cooperation's against U.S. influences.
Encouragement of resident participating in democratic process at local & national levels.
Economic restructuring managed by U.S. government due to financial debt crisis on island.
The process of migrants leaving their community of origins.
The processing of migrants arriving & resettling in a new community.
Mothers living & working in a developed country while their children remain in their homeland.
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