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Politics of the United States
American Gov chap 13
Terms in this set (22)
Head of State and Head of Government:
Distinctive feature of American government is that the President serves as both
Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces:
President is in charge of every branch of the military, including the Marines and Air Force as well as the Army and Navy. In times of war, the president is "first among generals."
Chief Diplomat and Chief Foreign Policy Maker:
Represent U.S effectively on world stage. Accorded primary responsibility for making and implementing foreign policy.
The president must be able to act quickly and effectively when events at home and abroad require an American response.
President has become regarded as chief legislator. Congress looks to them to set the legislative agenda. Americans expect the President, no Congress, to initiate major policies
Presidents and presidential nominees serves as the preeminent leaders of their political parties.
What is the difference between a unitary executive and a plural executive?
Unitary executive is referred to as an executive branch headed by a single individual, while a set of two or more individuals serving jointly was known as plural executive.
Be sure to know the design features of the presidency laid out by the framers at the constitutional convention.
Delegates eventually settled upon a unitary executive serving for four year term, empowered with a vote (subject to veto override, perpetually eligible for reelection, and removable through impeachment.
Which part of the Constitution establishes the two-term limit for presidents? Who is the only president who served for more than two terms?
22nd Amendments. Franklin D. Roosevelt
What is the process to remove a president from office? Which presidents have been impeached by the House? Which, if any, of those presidents were removed from office?
The first step is the House of Rep considers evidence and can impeach the president by a simple majority vote. In the second step, a full trial is conducted in the Senate with the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court presiding. To remove the president, 2/3rd of the Senate must vote to convict. Andrew Johnson, Bill Clinton, and Donald Trump. None
Who becomes president if the president is unable to fulfill their term due to death, resignation, or removal? Be sure to know the first three positions in this line of succession. If the president will be temporarily unable to fulfill their duties, who functions as the acting president?
Vice President, Speaker of the House, then President Pro Tempore of Senate. Vice President acts as President during periods of presidential disability.
•What are the three main sources of staff assistance to the president?
White House Staff, Executive Office of the President, and the Cabinet
Who is generally considered the president's closest advisor?
Chief of Staff
•What are the competing theories of Presidential power and how are they different?
Constitutional: Presidents can only do that which they are permitted to do by a reasonable reading of the president's powers enumerated in the Constitution. Stewardship: President is authorized to do anything deemed necessary, short of what is expressly prohibited by the Constitution or other laws, in promoting the public interest.
•What are the different options for a president when legislation is sitting at his or her desk?
Sign bill into law, veto the bill (subject to override), or neither sign nor veto the bill (bill automatically becomes law after ten days).
What is a veto override?
When 2/3 of both chambers of Congress vote to pass a bill, the president vetoed.
What is a line item veto? Is it still used today? Why or why not?
President can reject particular provisions of a bill without vetoing the entire bill. No, Supreme Court deemed it unconstitutional.
What is a pocket veto?
When Congress adjourns before ten days have expired and the president has still not signed the bill.
What is executive privilege? Is executive privilege limitless?
Presidents' asserted right to withhold information from Congress and the courts. Seemingly yes.
What is a treaty?
Agreement between two or more nations, in which they promise to behave in specified ways.
What is an executive agreement?
Enables president to enter into agreement with another country w/o need for Senate approval.
Which branch of the government has the power to declare war?
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