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Terms in this set (21)
The two types of traffic stops are:
1. Unknown risk stop
2. High risk stop
What are the three reasons to stop a vehicle?
1. Traffic enforcement
2. Criminal apprehension
_____ _____ _____ occurs when a law enforcement officer stops a person based on a set of identifiers, one of which is _____ or _____
Biased based profiling
Race or ethnicity
Officers must have _____ _____ before stopping a vehicle. This degree of proof is _____ _____ probable cause. It represents about _____ certainty that a crime has been or will be committed.
Three factors that influence vehicle stops of the modern day offender
1. Highly mobile
2. Better armed
3. Better informed
_____ _____, in which officers must be aware of the "__________" attitude. They should also use appropriate approach _____ for every traffic stop. Officers need to recognize _____ _____, and realize that their tactics are often the _____ _____ in preventing those risks from escalating
"Just another traffic stop"
_____ _____ _____: many officers survive high risk stops because of _____ _____. They need to keep their _____ in mind, and not be unsafe. Officers need to expect the _____. _____ and _____ can sometimes be the difference between a successful enforcement action, and a tragic event.
Failure to plan
_____ and _____ control: officers must get rid of _____, control where the stop is going to occur, and _____ their vehicle correctly. They must remain _____ of their surroundings, and pay close attention to the _____ of the driver and passengers
Gain and maintain
_____ of _____ involve observation (using your _____) to re-assess the situation, keeping the correct _____ between both your vehicle and the violator, as well as you and the violator. Be aware of _____ and _____
Methods of control
The three commonly used positions for an unknown risk traffic stop are:
1. Offset position
2. Angled position
3. In-line position.
The eight considerations that an officer must address when making a risk assessment of a traffic stop:
1. _____ of the offense
2. Vehicle _____
3. Occupants behavior (_____ _____)
4. Presence of _____
5. Vehicle _____
6. Environmental _____
7. Know your _____
8. Officer _____ hints
3. Danger clues
When deciding to make a vehicle stop, the process begins with _____
One of the critical aspects of making vehicle stop is _____ with dispatch
On vehicle stops, what five pieces of information do you call in to dispatch?
1. Vehicle _____
2. License plate _____
3. Occupant _____
4. __________ of occupants
5. Nature of the _____
4. Physical description and number
Do not activate emergency equipment until dispatch _____ your stop. _____ as necessary.
Check for approaching _____ when you get out of your vehicle
What are the three tactical approaches to making contact with a violator?
1. Standard / _____ _____approach
2. Cross-over / _____ _____ approach
3. Limited / _____ approach
_____ _____ or felony traffic stops pose a significant risk to the officer
_____ any high risk stop. Wait for _____, and _____ with other units
Secondary units should position their vehicles _____ _____ or _____ the primary officer
Do not _____ the vehicle in high risk traffic stops. Instead, __________ (_____ at a time)
Order the driver and passenger out
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