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PSYC 335 Exam 4
Ch. 7, 9, and 13
Terms in this set (20)
Bipolar I Disorder (Ch. 7, 234)
a type of bipolar disorder marked by full manic and major depressive episodes
A form of bipolar disorder in which the person experiences both manic (or mixed) episodes and major depressive episodes.
Is distinguished from MDD by the presence of mania.
Prevalence: Lifetime prevalence is approximately 1%
Person has full blown mania.
(Ch. 7, 234) A mixed episode is characterized by -
symptoms of both full-blown manic and major depressive episodes for at least 1 week, either intermixed or alternating rapidly every few days.
(Ch. 7, 234) Bipolar II Disorder
a disorder characterized by alternating periods of extremely depressed and mildly elevated moods
A form of bipolar disorder in which the person experiences both hypomanic episodes and major depressive episodes.
Is when the person doesn't experience full-blown manic (or mixed) episodes but has experienced clear-cut hypomanic episodes as well as major depressive episodes.
(Ch. 7, 239-240) Prevalence of Bipolar Disorders
In Dizygotic Twins: 5-25%
Individuals w/ 1 parent: 25%
Individuals with 2 parents who have bipolar disorder: 50-75%
In Monozygotic Twins: 30-90%
General Population: 1%
Combined (1 and 2): Lifetime Prevalence is 2%
In Bipolar Disorder, prevalence is equal among men and women, but manic episodes occur more commonly in men.
Bipolar disorder with seasonal pattern (CH. 7, 235)
bipolar disorder with recurrences in particular seasons of the year
Rapid cycling (Ch. 7, 235)
a pattern of bipolar disorder involving at least four manic or depressive episodes per year
Cyclothymic Disorder (Ch. 7, 233)
a disorder marked by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms and mild depressive symptoms
Mild mood disorder characterized by cyclical periods of hypomanic and depressive symptoms
Refers to the repeated experience of hypomanic symptoms for a period of at least 2 years.
Opposite of the symptoms of persistent depressive disorder.
The person may become especially creative and productive because of increased physical and mental energy.
Hypomanic Episode (Ch. 7, 209)
less severe and less disruptive version of a manic episode that is one of the criteria for several mood disorders
During manic or hypomanic episodes, the symptoms are essentially the opposite of those experienced during a depressive episode.
A condition lasting at least 4 days in which a person experiences abnormally elevated, expansive, or irritable mood. At least three out of seven other designated symptoms similar to those in a manic episode must also be present but to a lesser degree than in mania.
Manic Episode (Ch. 7, 209-210)
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state
A condition in which a person shows markedly elevated, euphoric, or expansive mood, often interrupted by occasional outbursts of intense irritability or even violence that lasts for at least 1 week. In addition, at least three out of seven other designated symptoms must also occur.
DSM-5 Criteria for Manic Episode (the first two) (Ch. 7, 210)
A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive, or irritable mood and abnormally and persistently increased goal-directed activity or energy, lasting @ least 1 week and present most of the day, nearly every day (or any duration if hospitalization is necessary).
During the period of mood disturbance and increased energy or activity, 3 or more of the following symptoms (four if the mood is only irritable) are present to a significant degree and represent a noticeable change from usual behavior:
- Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity
- Decreased need for sleep
- More talkative than usual or pressure to keep talking
- Flight of ideas or subjective experience that thoughts are racing
Distractibility, as reported or observed.
Increase in goal-directed activity or psychomotor agitation.
Excessive involvement in activities that have a high potential for painful consequences.
T/F. During a manic or hypomanic episodes, the symptoms are essentially the opposite of those experienced during a depressive episode.
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
Use of electricity to produce convulsions and unconsciousness; a treatment used primarily to alleviate depressive and manic episodes. Also known as electroshock therapy.
major depressive disorder
A mood disorder in which a person experiences, in the absence of drugs or a medical condition, two or more weeks of significantly depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminished interest or pleasure in most activities.
Moderate-to-severe mood disorder in which a person experiences only major depressive episodes but no hypomanic, manic, or mixed episodes. Single episode if only one, recurrent episode if more than one.
Prevalence of Major Depressive Disorder
In Dizygotic Twins: 10-25%
In the General Population: 10-25% women, 5-12% men
In Individuals with 1 parent with MDD: 10-13%
In Monozygotic Twins: 50%
Major depressive disorder requires that -
a person must be in a major depressive episode and never have had a manic, hypomanic, or a mixed episode.
Recommended textbook explanations
Myers' Psychology for AP
David G Myers
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
Myers' Psychology for the AP Course
David G Myers
Arlene Lacombe, Kathryn Dumper, Rose Spielman, William Jenkins
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