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Physiology of fluids and electrolytes in the body
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Terms in this set (9)
*intake should equal output
*average adult drinks about 1500 ml per day
*thirst mechanism (primary regulator of fluid intake)
*fluid loss through the kidneys, skin and lungs, feces
Sodium 135-145 MEQ/L (in extracellular fluid)
*control and regulates water balance -water follows salt
*if sodium level high, instruct patient on a low sodium diet
*recommended intake of sodium 1500- 2300MG/day or less
*average sodium intake in US is 3400 MG/Day
*found in many food, includes bacon, ham, processed and canned food
Potassium -3.5-5.3 MEG/L (intracellular fluid)
*viral for skeletal, cardiac, and smooth muscle activity
*contributes to acid/ base balance
*must be ingested daily because the body does not conserve it
*potassium supplement is needed if taking a non potassium sparing diuretic such as furosemide/ Lasik