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Murrell/Final Review Literary Terms 2021
Terms in this set (99)
basic metrical unit of poetry, such as an iamb or an anapest
group of lines in a poem; poetry equivalent of a paragraph
one poetic foot per line
two poetic feet in the line
three poetic feet in the line
four poetic feet in the line
five poetic feet in the line
a two-line stanza, usually with end-rhymes the same
four line stanza
rhyme that occurs at the end of lines
rhyme occurring within lines
narrative poem, usually written in quatrains, basic rhyme scheme, ballad meter
emotional poem, personal in nature
lyric poem addressing subjects of an elevated nature
formal lyric poem written in honor of someone who has died
14-line sonnet with an octave and a sestet
14-line sonnet with three quatrains and a couplet
type of poetry with tercets and alternatively repeating refrains that increase in intensity and meaning
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
repetition of vowel sounds
unpleasant or harsh sounds
a particularly clever extended metaphor
comparison between unlike things
referring to a section of something to represent the whole ("All hands on deck.")
words which have a sound that reflects its meaning
pentameter most popular meter in English poetry
unrhymed iambic pentameter
unrhymed verse with no standard meter
A natural pause or break in a line of poetry, usually near the middle of the line.
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.
repeated line or phrase
Japanese form of poetry using 3 lines and 17 syllables, employs a nature word and a contrast leading to enlightenment
A humorous five-line poem in which lines 1, 2 and 5 rhyme and lines 3 and 4 rhyme
a poem with six stanzas of six lines and a final tercet, all stanzas having the same six words at the line-ends
a section (grouping of stanzas) in a long work of poetry (often Greek)
repetition of consonant sounds, not necessarily at the beginning of words
a long poem narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures
presentation of something as being smaller or less important than it actually is
reference to a commonly known historical, Biblical, or literary figure
The dictionary definition of a word
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty").
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.
A story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
the use of irony to mock or convey contempt
a term for a poem that teaches, almost preaches. It often discusses the "proper" way to behave. The lesson being taught is more important to the writer than the artistic quality of the work
A single line of poetry
the voice of the poem
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A comparison using "like" or "as"
language that appeals to the 5 senses
How the reader feels about the text while reading.
A comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally
Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Difference between things
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
Central idea of a work of literature
story of a person's life written by another person
An account of a person's life written by that person
A struggle between two opposing forces
time, place, and sometimes situation of a story or poem
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
"I" and "Me" standpoint. Personal perspective.
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.
third person limited
the narrator only knows the thoughts and feelings of one character
third person omniscient
the narrator knows all of the thoughts and feelings of all of the characters in a work
A story that is not true or is made up
prose writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history.
A story that is usually passed down orally and becomes part of a community's tradition
Phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
A common, often used expression that doesn't make sense if you take it literally.
A line or set of lines repeated several times over the course of a poem.
A contrast between expectation and reality
Sequence of events in a story
A method of narration in which present action is temporarily interrupted so that the reader can witness past events
fiction based on imagined future scientific or technological advances and major social or environmental changes, frequently portraying space or time travel and life on other planets.
A brief story that leads to a moral, often using animals as characters
A story containing unreal, imaginary features.
Conversation between two or more characters
A long speech expressing the thoughts of a character alone on stage
a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage
a humorously exaggerated story about impossible events
A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
End of the story where loose ends are tied up
an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
figure of speech
An expression that strives for literary effect rather than conveying a literal meaning.
Main character in a story
A character or force in conflict with the main character
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, into the next line
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