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secretes excess glucose molecules

the urinary system does all of the following, except that it

the ureters

urine is carried to the urinary bladder by

bundles of tissue that lie between pyramids and extend from the renal cortex toward the renal sinus

renal columns are

renal arterty
interlobar artery
arcuate artery
cortical radiate artery
afferent arteriole
efferent arteriole
peritubular capillary

the following is a list of the blood vessels that carry blood to the kidney

renal corpuscle

the process of filtration occurs at the


each of the following is a normal constituent of urine, except

the loop of henle

the ability to form a concentrated urine depends on the functions of


the ------- is the medial aspect of the kidney where the renal artery and vein enter and exit the kidney

approximately 50 percent of the waste products

the cells of the proximal convoluted tubule normally reabsorb all of the following, except

produce a concentration gradient that will allow the nephron to produce a hypotonic filtrate

the role of countercurrent multiplication in the kidney is to


the ureters and urinary bladder are lined by ------- epithelium.

there is increased activity of the parasympathetic motor neurons that control the detrusor muscle

during the micturition reflex

24 mm Hg/ other possible answer require subtraction

find the net glomerular filtration pressure with a glomerular pressure of 69 mm Hg, a pressure in the capsular space of 15 mm Hg, and a plasma osmotic pressure is 30 mm Hg.

sodium and chloride ions are actively transported out of the ascending limb

in the loop of henle

there is an increased permeability of the membrane of the renal collecting ducts to water

in response to high plasma osmolarity

juxtamedullary nephrons

nephrons close to the medulla with loops of henley that extend deep into the renal pyramids are called


the principle cation in intracellular fluid is

result in a temporary increase in blood volume

consuming a meal high in salt will

osmoreceptors are stimulated

when the amount of sodium ion in extracellular fluid increases,


calcium reabsorption by the kidneys is promoted by the hormone

large amounts of chloride ions are lost each day in the urine

each of the following statements concerning chloride ions is true, except

peripheral vasoconstriction

acidosis can cause all of the following, except

body retains more carbon dioxide

in response to respiratory alkalosis, the

respiratory acidosis

a person with emphysema will exhibit signs of

all of the above

to survive, humans must maintain a normal volume and composition of


which hormone plays a role in determining the rate of sodium absorption and potassium loss?


which hormone affects the osmotic concentration

a, b, c

angiotensin II produces a coordinated elevation in the ECF volume by

increased thirst

dehydration will cause

kidneys excete more hydrogen ions

when the ph of the extracelluar fluid declines, the

decreased respiration rate

in response to a rapid increase of organic acids in the body, you would except to observe all of the following, except

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