Upgrade to remove ads
The supreme court
PCP questions and answers.
Terms in this set (26)
The basic rights and freedoms that citizens benefit from under the law, protecting citizens from arbitrary government intrusion into their lives
Established by the Constitutional Reform Act, an independent body that selects candidates for judicial office in courts and tribunals
judicial appointments commission
Under section 10 of the Human Rights Act the government can issue this in order to quickly amend legislation found to be incompatible with the HRA
a remedial order
The legal principle that all people, including the government, are subject to and accountable to the law, which should be fairly applied and enforced
rule of law
A system of government that splits power into different branches, preventing too much power being held by only a few people
separation of powers
Term either used to criticise judges for allowing political views to shape decisions, or to describe their willingness to challenge the government
Where a job is permanently held until retirement, and the post holder cannot be sacked or removed except under specific circumstances
In order to maintain their neutrality, judges
can vote but cannot openly endorse a candidate or party.
The Human Rights Act allows judges to issue what when laws do not comply with the European Convention on Human Rights?
declaration of incompatibility
In what year did the UK Supreme Court open?
2005 Act that enhanced judicial independence by establishing a Supreme Court, and reforming the appointments process and role of the Lord Chancellor
The constitutional reform act
Act of Parliament that incorporated the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights into UK law
Human rights act 1998
The principle that the judiciary should be separate from the other branches of government, and free from outside influence
Court established by the European Convention on Human Rights, to uphold and enforce the rights contained in the treaty
European court of Human Rights.
A latin term loosely translated to mean 'beyond one's powers'
Latin for 'under judgement'. Where MPs & Lords are not allowed to discuss in Parliament, & the media cannot comment on, legal cases still under trial
The term used to refer to UK courts and the justices that reside over them
Inquiry into the behaviour of the British press following the revelations of the News of the World's phone hacking scandal
International treaty, drafted in 1950 by the Council of Europe, to protect human rights across Europe, enforced by the European Court of Human Rights
European convention on human rights
Meaning that all EU laws are supreme over conflicting UK laws
doctrine of supremacy
The basic rights to be free from unequal treatment or discrimination based on certain protected characteristics (like gender, race, disability etc)
Term to describe all citizens are being treated equally & fairly under the law - the law is applied fairly & all trials and hearings conducted fairly
Where judges review whether the actions taken, or decisions made, by a public body are lawful.
1991 landmark case in which the High Court set aside the Merchant Shipping Act (1988) as it conflicted with EU fisheries directives.
Principle that the judiciary should be completely impartial, ensuring that their own political views and biases do not influence their decisions
The Lord Chancellor who, in 1987, relaxed the Kilmuir Rules on judges appearing in the media
This set is often in folders with...
UK Politics: Judiciary Revision
A level politics Edexcel: political parties
Other sets by this creator
Pre-U Phil and Theo - foundational debates in Phil…
Democracy and participation
Mid Tudor Crisis.
Other Quizlet sets
Exam 2 Stuff I don't remember or got wrong
Chapter 8 image analysis