rests on the assumption that occult (conscientious) phenomena can and do influence the lives of everyone
ex: bugs bunny
wise old man
story archetype, archetype of wisdom and meaning, symbolizes humans' preexisting knowledge of the mysteries of life, dumbeldore. however this archetype can represent false wisdom as in the wizard of oz. in either case he helps the hero and cant go against the collective unconsciousness.
conservative principle: tendency to cling to consciousness of childhood, desire to live in the past
puberty until middle life, strive to gain psychic and physical independence from their parents, find a mate, and raise a family including making a place in the world
jung on teleology
holds that present events are motivated by goals and aspirations for the future that direct a person's destiny
jung on causality
holds that present events have their origin in previous experiences
energy within, turning inward of psychic energy with an orientation toward the subjective
psychological rebirth, part of self realization, process of becoming a whole person
story archetype, represents fertility and nourishment, but also power and destruction ex: minerva mcgonagall
features of archetype
shoes up in literature over and over 2) character-part of personality (in stories, also in you)
attitude distinguished by turning outward psychic energy so that a person is oriented toward the objective and away from subjective
sensed by the ego, what we are aware of
most important, includes elements that we have never experienced individually, but which have come down to us from ancestors.
divided into anarchic, monarchic, dualistic
levels of the psyche
conscious, personal unconscious, collective unconscious
test of courage
1) striving to know your shadow 2) striving to know animus (for women) or anima (for men)
development of the ego and beginning of logical and verbal thinking, children see themselves objectively and often refer to themselves in the third person, ego is perceived as an object, it is not yet aware of itself as the perceiver
archetype of darkness and repression, represents the qualities we do not wish to acknowledge, but attempt to hide from ourselves and others.
achievement of a balance between various opposing forces of personality (according to jung). represents the highest level of human development. Is more difficult to attain than Maslow's "self-actualization"
people who are free from fear of self and contended with both their external and internal worlds, desire to unite all others towards the attainment of this status w hich is symbolized by the 'mandala'.
doesnt make sense without mystical experience, adaptation relies on the inner world relies on a backward flow
doesnt make sense without mystical experience, adaptation to the outside world involving the flow of psychic energy
embraces all repressed, forgotten, or subliminally perceived experiences of one particular individual
,side of personality that people show to the world, projected role that society dictates to us
characterized by chaotic and sporadic consciousness, little or no connection among these islands of consciousness...experiences sometimes enter consciousness as primitive images, incapable of being accurately verbalized
predisposition to act or react in a characteristic direction
assessing a test
validity, reliability, life scale, barnum effect
Believed by Jung to originate through the repeated experiences of our ancestors. Accordingly, they are expressed in certain types of dreams, fantasies, delusions, and hallucinations. Said by Jung to sometimes acquire their own personality.
male part of a woman, represents thinking and reasoning
female part of a man, archetype, originates in the collective unconscious, represents irrational moods and feelings
when the ego is divided into the subjective and objective, children now refer to themselves in the first person and are aware of their existence as separate individuals
35 or 40 starts, increased anxiety, but tremendous potential, make sure not to hold onto youth! May become more invtroverted.
evening of life, diminution of consciousness, can only be fulfilling when death is seen in its light
Jung saw the human psyche as being divided into a _____ and an _____ level, with the latter subdivided into a _____ and a _____.
personal; collective unconscious
Jung saw the unconscious as being divided into a _____ and a _____.
this archetype represents the image we have of a conqueror who vanquishes evil, but who has a single fatal flaw. Achilles and his vulnerable heel is an example of the Hero archetype.
term meaning 'perfect'
The most comprehensive archetype is the self; that is, the image we have of fulfillment, completion, or perfection. The ultimate in psychological maturity is self-realization, which is symbolized by the mandala, or perfect geometric figure.
middle; causality and teleology
Because Jung held that present events have their origin in previous experiences one hand, but on the other hand also held that holds that present events are motivated by goals and aspirations for the future that direct a person's destiny, he takes a _____ position between _____
persona; shadow; anima; animus; great mother; wise old man; hero; self
According to Jung, there are 8 basic psychological archetypes. They are:
Jung argued that to achieve self-realization, people must adapt to both their external (outside) and internal (inside) worlds. Accordingly, the former was associated with _____ while the latter represented _____
Jung contended that Eight basic psychological types emerge from the union of two attitudes and four functions. the two additudes in question are _____ and _____ and then the 4 functions are _____, _____, _____, and _____.
the perception of elementary data that are beyond our awareness.
Extraverted intuitive people
These people are guided by their hunches, and they may make practical decisions without awareness of sensory data.
Introverted intuitive people
These people also perceive stimuli on an unconscious level, but they color those stimuli according to their own subjective attitudes.
rational functions; irrational functions
Jung referred to thinking and feeling as _____ and to sensation and intuition as _____.
another term jung used in reference to self-realization.
word assosiation test
Jung used the _____ early in his career to uncover complexes embedded in the personal unconscious. The technique requires a patient to utter the first word that comes to mind after the examiner reads a stimulus word.
According to Jung, dreams have both a cause and a purpose and thus can be useful in explaining past events and in making decisions about the future. Big dreams and typical dreams, both of which come from the collective unconscious, have meanings that lie beyond the experiences of a single individual. He called the process of analyzing these dreams _____.
Jung also used active imagination to arrive at collective images. This technique requires the patient to concentrate on a single image until that image begins to appear in a different form. Eventually, the patient should see figures that represent archetypes and other collective unconscious images. He called the technique _____.
word association test; dream analysis; active imagination; process of psychotherapy
Jung's Methods of Investigation included:
philosophical; moderate; very low; about average; low; low
Although Jung considered himself a scientist, many of his writings have more of a _____than a psychological flavor. As a scientific theory, the authors give it a ____ rating on its ability to generate research but a _____ rating on its ability to withstand falsification. Jungian theory is _____ on its ability to organize knowledge but _____ on its ability to guide action. The authors also rated it _____ on internal consistency and parsimony.
psychology of opposites; moderate; very high; low
Jung saw people as extremely complex beings who are a product of both conscious and unconscious personal experiences. More importantly, people are also motivated by inherited remnants that spring from the collective experiences of their early ancestors. Because Jungian theory is a _____, it receives a _____ rating on the issues of free will, optimism/pessimism, and causality/teleology. It rates _____ on unconscious influences and low on uniqueness and social influences.
neurotic patients; healthy people; self-realization; old people differently than young people
The goal of Jungian therapy is to help _____ become healthy and to move _____in the direction of self-realization. Jung was eclectic in his choice of therapeutic techniques and treated _____.