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Terms in this set (71)
following are the three i´s of police selection. which one of these does not beling
according to your text, three highly important qualities for police are
the three i´s of police selections, common sense, and compassion
the movement to limit the discretion of police officers is the result of
abuses of that discretion
police officers cannot make an arrest for every violation of law that is, they cannot provide
the practice of relying on the judgement of the police leadership and rank and file officers to decide which laws to enforce is referred to as
for a long time police looked at domestic violence calls as___ when in fact,, they should have been treated as__
peacekeeping activites; criminal matters
which of the following is defined as the harmful physical and emotionsl outcomes that occur when the requiement of a job do not match the capbilities, resources, or needs of the employee
which of the following is a measure of coercion beyond what is necessary to control participants ina conflict
which of the following us supreme court decisions severly restricted the police use of deadly force
tennessee v. garner
A court of ____ jurisdiction has the authority to hear a case when it is first brought to court.
trial courts of___ jurisdiction are sometimes reffered to generally as inferior trial courtsor simply as lower courts
which of the following is the attempt to correct the personality and behavior of convicted offenders through educational, vocational, or therapeutic treatment and to return them to society as law-abiding citizens
the___ is a communitys chief law enforcement offical and is responsible primarily for the protection of society
the ___ mandates that a prosecutor provide defense counsel with any exculpatory evidence in the prosecutors possession
rules of discovery
the role of defense lawyers is to
provice the best possible legal counsel and advocacy within the legal and ethical limits of the profession
public defenders commonly spend___ with thier clients
five to ten minutes
which of the following is a judicial selection process in which the governor appoints judges from a list qualifies lawyers, which is complied by a nonpartisan nomination commision composed of both lawyers and other citizens
After suspects officially become defendants, they are brought before a lower-court judge for:
an initial appearance
the supreme court has ruled that anyone arrested without a warrant may be held no longer than___ before a judge decides wether the arrest was justified
which of the following is usually a monetry guarantee depositied witht eh court that is supposed to endure that the suspect or defendant will appear at a later stage in the criminal justice
the alternative to the grand jury, in states that do not choose to utilize them, is the filing of a
when defendants plead nolo contender they
do not adimt guilt but are wiling to accept punishment
which of the following is a possible outcome in state court criminal trials that end in hung juries
dismissal, guilty plea, another jury trial
state and federal legislative bodies enact__ that specify appropriate punishments for each statutory offense or class of offense
judges can suspend an entire sentence if the offender
any of the above
a___ sentence has a fixed minimum and maximum term of incarceration rather than set period
presumptive sentences may be based on sentencing guidelines, which are developed by sentencing commissions comprised of
both criminal justice professionals and private citizens
which of the following is an effort to do something for victums and thier survivors to return them, as much as possible, to thier previous state and to make them whole again
Before the Supreme Court's 1991 decision, ____ were considered irrelevant and potentially inflammatory and were not allowed.
Generally, a presentence investigation report (PSI) is prepared by a:
nearly___ of state trial court decisions are affirmed on appeal
Reductions in sentences for death row inmates, which are granted by a state's governor, are called:
how many states have laws that protect the basic rights of crime victims in the criminal justice system
The closest European forerunner of the modern U.S. prison was known as:
which of the following was designed for younger, less hardened offenders, between 16 and 30 years of age
Most early women's prison employed ____, as distinguished from the ____ of men's prisons.
A family-style living plan; cell-block plan
orginally, big house prisions
Exploited inmate labor through various links to the free market
When offenders are sentenced to the custody of the department of corrections in most states, they are transported initially to a:
Men's prisons are often distinguished from one another by:
a(n) ___ is very short term holding facilty
a ___ is a facility that holds conviced offeneders and unconvinced persons for relatively short periods of up to one year
which of the following countries consistently has one of the highest incarceration rates in the world
for which of the following purposes is most of jail funding used
Custody and security
a___ is an institutional setting in which people are cut off from the wider society and are expected to live according to insititutional rules and procedures
the____ model holds that the inmate society is shaped by factors external to the prision environment- specifically the pre-prison experiences and socialization patterns that inmates bring with them when they enter prison
Entering the ____ of the prison means finding in the diverse environment of the institution a niche that will accommodate the inmate's unique combination of needs.
in womens prison the ___ role is occupied by sophisticated professional criminals, who try to do easy time by manipulating other inmates and staff to thier own advantage
researchers have observed that the work of correctional officers is characterized by both
boredom and stimulus overload
Until the middle of the 20th century, the courts followed a ____ philosophy toward prison matters.
Inmates skilled in legal matters are known as:
the equal- protection clause under the __ amendment has led the supreme court to forbid racial discrimination and has led state courts to target gender discrimination
the term parole can
a way of being released from prison before the entire sentence has been served
Mandatory release is similar to ____ in that people let out under either arrangement ordinarily receive a period of community supervision.
approximately what percent of all prision inmates will eventually be released from prision
community corrections has traditionally emphasized
which of the following refers to organized and systematic efforts to remove people from the criminal justice process by placing them in programs that offer alternative to the next, more restrictive stage of processing
which of the following is the most frequently used in sentences in criminal justice
if a client has violated the conditons of probation, the probation agency may recommend
which of the following is used with people leaving prision
who is considered the father of probation
Research data clearly show that the general public has more respect for the police and their ethical standards than it does for a variety of other occupations.
one method of controlling the amount of discretion exercised by police officers is close supervision by a police agency management
Copicide is a form of suicide in which police officers place themselves in potentially lethal situations in order to get shot.
the us supreme court is the court of last resort in all questions of federal and state law
For most offenses, a majority of defendants are sentenced either on the day of conviction or the next day.
Judges almost always impose the sentence agreed upon during plea negotiations because if they did not, plea bargaining would not work.
the majority of federal inmates are serving time for drug offenses
most prisions permit conjugal visits
Central to the inmate society of traditional men's prisons in the United States is the convict code.
The process of importation occurs when an inmate enters prison for the first time, and is socialized into the customs and principles of the inmate society.
prisions long had the right to provide only the minimal conditions necessary for human survival
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