Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
Shaving and Beard (Test on 5/4/21)
108B.01 - 108B.03 and 108B.05
Terms in this set (85)
A specialize technique that requires knowledge of facial features, bone structure, skin, hair texture and hair growth patterns which is performed before beginning any facial service.
Oval face shape
Ideal face shape that can wear any facial design.
Round face shape
Achieve balance by making the face appear slimmer and create the illusion of a more oval shape.
Square face shape
Achieve more balance by creating the appearance of a slimmer face or accentuate the square masculine shape.
Oblong face shape
Achieve balance by visually shortening with the addition of a mustache or a short beard design. Avoid a goatee which appear to add length.
Pear face shape
Achieve balance by minimizing the wide jaw and full cheeks with a very short beard.
Diamond face shape
Achieve balance by a square or rounded full beard which appears to add width at jaw and chin.
Heart shaped face
Achieve balance by creating appearance of wider, less angular face with a full beard.
cheek bones (2 bones that form the upper cheek and bottom of the eye socket)
U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the tongue and it's muscles.
Identify client's skin type and condition to identify any contraindications (issues with skin).
Avoiding skin irritation
Angle the blade at 30 degrees, avoid repeated razer strokes over the area, and keep skin well lubricated.
Skin irritation that consists of stinging, itching, and redness caused by improper shaving techniques. Most often occurs in men with coarse facial hair.
"Barber's itch." Inflammation of the hair follicles caused by a bacterial infection from ingrown hairs.
"Razer Bumps." Chronic inflammatory form of folliculitis which resembles papules and pustules.
Chronic inflammatory bacterial infection in beard and mustache areas.
"Barber's Itch." Ringworm of the beard area on the face and neck result of fungal infection.
Hair growth analysis
Assess hair carefully to determine client's grain changes, growth pattern and texture before performing beard service.
Grain of the hair
Angle at which hair grows from the scalp.
Curly or tightly curled hair
More prone to ingrown hairs.
What are the 4 steps of a professional shave?
4. Post-shave treatment
Worn as a fashion statement, or to enhance or conceal facial features.
1st step of professional shave. Drape the client and apply hot towels to relax the hair and soften cuticles.
2nd step of professional shave. Critical in preparing the skin and hair for shaving by applying cream or gel for lubrication and helping hair stand away from the skin to create a smooth shaving surface.
3rd step of professional shave. Removing hair safety without causing irritation by gently stretching the skin with nondominant dry fingers. To avoid irritation skin should be moist.
4th step of professional shave. Remove lather with a warm towel and gently massage moisturizer into skin.
1st pass when lathered hair is shaved with the grain to avoid irritation.
What should you check for after first-time-over shave?
Check the skin for rough or uneven spots.
2nd pass immediately after first-time-over shave to remove uneven spots missed in primary shave.
Ideal for client who visit the barber shop daily with the goal to leave skin smooth without performing a close shave.
Closest possible shave performed against the grain during second-time-over which is not recommended due to potential skin irritation.
Hair removed from scalp which is prepared using the same steps as a beard.
hair that grows on a man's cheeks, chin, and neck.
A partial beard that doesn't cover the cheek area which can strengthen the appearance of a weak lip or chin.
Unshaved growth of hair on the upper lip.
Diagonal line from top of front ear to corner of the mouth.
A high-maintenance beard style named for it's pointy and prominent chin part.
Hair that grows on the area of skin just in front of the ears. When trimming, length or position of the sideburns are based on the ear, using references like "middle or bottom of the ear."
Shaving behind the ears and along both sides of the neck performed in conjunction with a haircut and sometimes with a face shave. Always check the hairline and neck areas for hypertrophies such as warts and moles prior to the neck shave service.
Sharp tool used for cutting hair closest to the skin. There are 2 types: conventional straight blade and changeable (disposable blade) straight blade.
The manner in which heat is used to treat the blade as it is manufactured.
Determined by the length and weight of the blade in relation to the handle.
How thin a razor blade is.
Full concave, ½ concave, ¼ concave; grind lets the barber "feel" the resistance to the beard hairs.
The two sides form a sharp angle at the edge; works well with heavy density beards
3. Apply oil to the edge
4. Avoid dropping the razor
Changeable-blade straight razor
Does not require stropping or honing
How is the most controlled way to hold a razor?
Place ball of thumb and first two fingers on flat sides of shank and little finger on the tang which positioning handle upwards.
Used to sharpen the edge of a razor blade (natural, synthetic, combo).
A leather or canvas strap used to smooth and polish the edge of a razor blade. There are 3 types: 1. hanging, 2. loom, 3. paddle
Most common strop in a barber shop which is composed of leather and canvas.
Used to apply shave soap or shave cream to the face.
Used to produce a clean, blunt edge.
1. perform shear-over-comb techniques for trimming facial hair,
2. groom the brows,
3. establish perimeter lines,
4. cut longer beard lengths which controlling hair with fingers.
Used to cut hair faster than shears.
1. create uniform lengths throughout beard design,
2. create varied lengths using appropriate blades or guards,
3. glide over area of the face.
What does cutting with the grain achieve when using clippers?
Keeps the hair longer.
Used to cut hair closer than clippers
1. refine and outline beard, mustache, sideburns.
Benefit of a T-shaped blade
Makes it easier to get into smaller, hard to reach areas like eyebrows, corners of the mouth, and smaller rounded areas.
When should a barber use an electric shaver instead of a straight razor?
With clients who are prone to ingrown hairs
Choose a comb based on facial hair density, length, texture and the technique being used.
What disposable supplies are needed?
1. neck strips
2. cotton wool
3. cotton pads
5. disposable towels
What reusable supplies are needed?
3. water bottles
What supplies are used for procedures that require hand wrapping?
Use disposable towels for hand wrapping when cleansing, drying, or applying product to face and removing product and loose hairs from face.
Used to protect the eyes from loose hairs.
What types of products are needed?
Soaps, pre-shave oil or lotion, shave cream, shave gel, post-shave lotion, post-shave balm, post-shave powder, beard oil, beard balm, beard conditioner/softener, beard wash/shampoo, alum, styptic powder or liquid, alum block, cologne
Applied after moistening skin with water before applying shave soap, cream or gel for extra layer of lubrication to protect skin and reduce skin irritation.
Apply with fingertips or lather brush to prepare the skin for a shave.
Begin on the right side of the face when performing a shave.
Facial shaving zones
The face has 14 shaving zones; go in a sequential (number) order.
Right-handed zone 2
Angle of mouth to point of chin (right side)
How the razor is held when performing a shave
Correct angle of cutting the beard when a straight razor is held at a 30 degree angle and hair is cut with the point of the razor leading.
When head shaving, a gliding stroke directed toward the barber.
A gliding stroke directed away from the barber.
Reverse freehand stroke
A semi-arced gliding stroke directed toward the barber.
Reverse backhand stroke
Short cutting strokes, gliding downward and slightly outward (used for neck shave, not face)
Sometimes called aftershave; help restore pH, close pores and tighten skin
Straight Razor maintenance
Honing: number of strokes should be same on both sides and stropping: use as many strokes needed to create a smooth razor edge
Testing blade sharpness
test sharpened blade with TNT (thumbnail test) or HHT (hanging-hair test)
1) exterior- lather and shave first; shave downward
2) interior- left unlathered, shaved from just below apex outward in all directions
The most common method to remove hair beyond the perimeters of the beard design; use steam towels and appropriate razor strokes
Check symmetry of outer form line; check perimeter lines at cheeks, neck, sideburns and mustache
A brief overview of steps to follow before you actually begin the shaving or beard design.
An overview of the procedure used during the shaving or beard design to ensure predictable results.
An overview of steps to follow after performing the shave or beard design to ensure guest satisfaction.
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Color Theory and Design Study Guide (Tes…
Skin (Test on 5/20/2021)
Perm and Relaxers (Test 5/18/21)
Shaving and Beard (Test on 5/4/21)
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Micro mastering chapter 24
WWR Final Exam
medical terminology chapter 13