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Ethics Final

Terms in this set (12)

Addiction has plagued generations upon generations of people, inlcuding our own. Many of these habits stem from the seven deadly sins: wrath, lust, sloth, gluttony, pride, greed and envy. Every addiction begins in the same manner, which is taking part in natural desires. It is acceptable to enjoy eating for example. However, these simple enjoyments of life may cause one to lose control and delve into excessive habits, leading to addiction. All hope is not lost in this regard, because, as long as one has a strong enough goal, they will be able to pull themselves out of this hole. The nature of addiction does not necessarily presume that a glutton simply enjoys eating, often one such as a glutton will desire the desire itself, which makes it so difficult to escape it. Two famous philosophers, Aristotle and J.P. Sartre have offered conflicting viewpoints on the subject. The Aristotelian or teleological approach suggests that essence precedes existence, meaning that we are born with a defined and natural purpose. Sartre contends that existence precedes essence. This means that humans are born as nothing and are able to determine who they are/will become by their choices and actions. Some may view this existentialist perspective as problematic, especially when dealing with addiction. It is a self-focused theory, in which one is to believe that everything in one's life, good or bad, is by their own hand and can not be blamed on others. This may be troublesome in that it becomes difficult to develop a reason to get out of an addiction.