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CAE Key Word Transformations MEGA SET
CAE Sentence transformations
Terms in this set (118)
is affected by environment is unclear
Scientists don't know to what extent environment affects our intelligence.
How far our intelligence _________ to scientists.
struck me that Jessica
Jessica is looking well these days, I suddenly thought.
It _________ is looking well these days.
to take care of makes
Some people are happy when they have a pet to look after.
Having a pet __________ some people very happy.
strong likelihood that the concert
It's highly likely that they will cancel the concert.
There's a _________ will be cancelled.
came as a complete surprise
We were incredibly surprised when we found the letter.
The discovery of the letter _________ to us.
he was prevented from playing
He didn't play in the game because he'd hurt his back.
As a result of his back injury ___________________ in the game.
you attend the meeting doesn't
You can come to the meeting or not - I don't really mind.
Whether or not __________ really matter to me.
take back what I said
I didn't mean all those things about your sister - I'm sorry.
I'm sorry, I ___________________ about your sister.
cut down on the amount
Nick said we should reduce the amount of salt in our food.
We ___________________ of salt in our food, according to Nick.
never imagine him refusing
He'll never refuse free tickets, I'm sure.
I could ______ free tickets.
me not to forget to
'Remember to lock the door when you go to bed', Jack said to me.
Jack told _______ lock the door when I went to bed.
down badly with
The audience didn't like the speaker's jokes.
The speaker's jokes went _________ the audience.
to do is to take up
Ruby's ambition is to become an actor.
What Ruby would like _______ acting as a career.
it that persuaded you not to
Why did you turn down the offer of a job?
What was ________ accept the job offer?
will have been married
It's our parents' 25th wedding anniversary next year.
Next year our parents _________________for 25 years.
up soon, it will mean
Unless you get here soon, we'll leave without you.
If you don't turn ________ we'll have to leave without you.
know why Tom had acted so
'Why did Tom act in such an irresponsible way?' asked Chloe.
Chloe wanted to ________ irresponsibly.
was only when Emily arrived
Everything was fine before Emily arrived and then things started to go wrong.
It _________ that everything started to go wrong.
who put forward the
The idea of going to the new health centre was Pat's suggestion.
It was Pat _________ idea of going to the new health centre.
greatest ambition was
More than anything else Grace wanted to start her own aromatherapy clinic.
Grace's _________ to start her own aromatherapy clinic.
as long as you take
Providing you look after it carefully, you can borrow my laptop.
You can borrow my laptop __________ good care of it.
came as no surprise to
I wasn't surprised to hear that Martin had joined the gym.
It ____________________ me to hear that Martin had joined the gym.
unless I receive
I will only try acupuncture if my doctorapproves of the idea.
I won't try acupuncture _________________ my doctor's approval for the idea.
hardly likely to take off
It's very unlikely that space tourism will take off in my lifetime.
Space tourism is ________ in my lifetime.
highly recommended to me by
Clarissa told me how very good this anti-aging cream is.
This anti-aging cream was _________________ Clarissa.
we would have been able to
We arrived at the restaurant too late to order a full meal.
Had we arrived at the restaurant earlier, _________________ order a full meal.
are thought to have been disadvantaged
People think that bilingual children were disadvantaged in the past.
in the past.
under the impression
I thought you wanted me to invite him.
I was _____________________________you wanted me to invite him.
attention is paid to
Nobody notices children who fail at school.
children who fail at school.
should be taught to
Everybody should learn how to speak a second language.
A second language ___________________________everybody.
so what I did was book
I need a weekend away, so I booked something on the Internet.
I need a weekend away _______________________________ something on the Internet.
What I object to is
I object to hanging around in airports.
hanging around in airports.
did I manage
I only got my money back after weeks of calling.
Only after weeks of calling ______________________________ to get my money back.
was delayed due to
A driver´s strike delayed our train.
Our train ____________________________ a driver´s strike.
What I did was take
I resolved the problem by taking an extra suitcase.
____________________________________ an extra suitcase.
What worries me is that
It worries me that I don´t speak another language well.
____________________________________ I don´t speak another language well.
have I come across
I have hardly ever come across such a strange man.
Seldom _________________ such a strange man.
she would not wear
Fernanda refused to wear her sister's old dress.
Fernanda said that ___________________ her sister's old dress.
have any recollection (at all) of
My grandfather had completely forgotten that he phoned me last night.
My grandfather didn't __________________ phoning me last night.
made/got a name for
If Marc hadn't taken up politics, he might have become a famous art historian.
If Marc hadn't taken up politics, he might have __________________________ himself as an art historian.
count on being
The company is unable to guarantee an allocated car-parking space to all employees.
The company's employees shouldn't ______________________ allocated a car parking space.
to put up with (any) rudeness
Delia said that she would no longer tolerate her colleagues being rude.
'I'm not willing ____________________ from my colleagues any longer,' said Delia.
can afford this/the holiday as/so long
This holiday is within our price range, provided we don't go to the expensive restaurants in the tourist centre.
We _____________________ as we avoid the expensive restaurants in the tourist centre.
no chance of winning
It's very unlikely that Martin will win the 100 metres, as he's out of training.
Martin has almost _____________________ the 100 metres, as he's out of training.
on the point of leaving
Nadia's friend arrived just as she was about to leave the restaurant.
Nadia was just ________________________ the restaurant when her friend arrived.
made it impossible for
Paul wasn't able to leave the house all day because of the terrible weather.
The terrible weather ___________________ Paul to leave the house all day.
The reason why she left
She left her husband because he cheated on her.
__________________ her husband was because he cheated on her.
The place where we stopped for
We stopped in an absolutely beautiful place for lunch.
_______________________________ lunch was absolutely beautiful.
It was a girl from my town
A girl from my town won the silver medal.
________________________ who won the silver medal.
person I like best of all
I like my Aunt Emily best of all my relatives.
The ________________my relatives is my Aunt Emily.
The first time I met Serena
I first met Serena at a conference in Berlin.
__________________________was at a conference in Berlin.
never known a more hardworking person
My grandmother was the most hardworking person I've ever known.
I've ___________________ than my grandmother.
since Robin last went back
Robin has not been back to his birthplace for over twenty years.
It is over twenty years ______________ to his birthplace.
delays to all flights because
A strike by check-staff led to all flights being delayed.
There were __________ of a strike by check-in staff.
took it for granted that
Everyone assumed that Dennis would sell the haunted house he inherited from his uncle.
People ___________ Dennis would sell the haunted house he inherited from his uncle.
has to be pierced before
You have to pierce the plastic film first and then you can put the tray in the microwave oven.
The plastic film _________________ the tray is placed in the microwave oven.
expected to hand in her resignation
Everyone expects Maura to resign at the end of the month.
Maura is widely ______________ at the end of the month.
had started by the time
We missed the start of the concert because we arrived at the venue late.
The concert _____________ we arrived at the venue.
used to find the idea
When she was at school, Sandra was fascinated by the idea of hypnotism.
Sandra _________ of hypnotism fascinating when she was at school.
make any difference to me
I don't mind whether we go to the seaside or not this year.
It doesn't ________ whether we go to the seaside or not this year.
have gained access to the building
It's possible that the burglars got into the building by forcing open a fire exit.
The burglars may ____________ by forcing open a fire exit.
likes English just as
Chris and I have the same liking for English
Chris __________________much as I do
appearances can be
He looks suitable for the job, but people are not always the way they look
He looks suitable for the job, but _______deceptive
my appetite as soon as
The moment I saw the horrible food, I no longer felt hungry
I lost ______________I saw the horrible food
far the friendliest school
VLEC is a much friendlier school than all the others in Huesca
VLEC is by ___________________in Huesca
from stress ever since she
Since she became a teacher, she has never been so stressed
She has been suffering ____________became a teacher
near as bad as
I had expected the exam to be much worse than it actually was
The exam was actually nowhere _____________I had expected
a great deal more
You don't realise quite how much sugar there is in coke
There's__________________sugar in coke than you realise
rather we came
Would you prefer us to come another day?
Would you...................................another day?
made the most of
She used her bike as much as she could
second to none
VLEC is the best language school of all
VLEC is ______________as a language school
I would lie in the
In my youth I used to sunbathe every day
In my youth _____________________sun every day
were probably held
It's likely they were delayed in a traffic jam
They_________________up in a traffic jam
has no intention of creating any
The company does not intend to create any redundancies
The company __________________redundancies
take more care
Your essay needs to be written more carefully
You should ___________with your essay
on behalf of
I am writing to you because my client asked me to
I am writing to you ____________my client
I had paid more attention
I should have concentrated more during the lesson
I now wish _________________during the lesson
considerably better today
Ed's golf round last week was nowhere near as good as today's
Ed performed_______________than he did last week
it's time you looked
Don't you think you should start to look for a job?
Don't you think........................for a job?
came as no surprise
We always expected Nadal to win
Nadal's victory _______________to us
taken aback when
We were quite surprised when Germany beat Spain
We were rather ________________Germany beat Spain
had her house done up
Sue got the builders to repair and decorate her house this summer
Sue _____________________this summer
fewer than six people are required
We need at least six people for the team
No____________________for the team
has been put off
We have postponed the lunch until next week
The lunch_________________until next week
happens is (that) you pick your
You pick your tickets up from the box office
What.......................................tickets up from the box office
is bound to like the scarf
I'm sure your sister will like the scarf, it's just her style.
Your sister............................ . It's just her style
thought to have made
The police now think he invented the story
He is now ________________ up the story
insisted on (only) speaking
He refused to speak anything but English in meetings
He _____________________English in meetings
a sharp rise/increase in the
The price of bread went up a lot last month
There was _______________price of bread last month
caught a glimpse
I saw Jude Law for a brief second in the street
I _______________of Jude Law in the street
are said to earn the highest
They say Brazilian players earn more than others
Brazilian players _____________salaries
apologised for cheating on
"I'm sorry I cheated on you ," said her husband
Her husband __________________ her
should have given you
I don't think your lawyer gave you good advice
Your lawyer_____________better advice
is said to be rich in
People say South Africa has a lot of natural resources
South Africa ____________________natural resources
was called off
The tennis match was cancelled
The tennis match_______________
flatly refused to lend a
Sam said there was no way he was willing to help
getting some milk on the way
Could you get some milk as you are coming home?
Would you mind ___________home?
on your side even if
Regardless of the fact that you are my friend, I agree with you
I'd be____________________you weren't my friend
gave an honest answer/honest answers to
The witness answered the questions honestly
The witness______________the questions
it will mean missing
Unless we get the early train we will miss lunch
If we don't get the early train ___________lunch
of / about his chances of succeeding
I am confident that he will be successful in his career
I am confident________in his career
should make you calmer
If you feel stressed, breathing deeply should calm you down.
Breathing deeply _____if you feel stressed.
have a really bad memory for
I'm really bad at remembering people's names when I meet them.
I________people's names when I meet them.
on the grounds of
He lost his job because he was inefficient
He lost his job________inefficiency
is alleged to have damaged
They say that a visitor to the art gallery damaged an 18th century painting
A visitor to the art gallery ______an 18th century painting
suggested that she came over
'Why don't you come over for dinner at the weekend?' he asked her.
He .................................. for dinner at the weekend.
put up with
His boss won't tolerate lateness.
His boss won't .................................. lateness.
no excuse for
Being rude is inexcusable.
There is ............................. rude.
probably won't have time to
I don't think he'll have time to call in and see us. He has a very tight schedule
He .................................call in and see us. . He has a very tight schedule
may never get over
I'm not sure she'll ever get over the break up
She...................................the break up
By the time we got to
None of the phones were left when we got to the shop.
.............................. the shop, all the phones had been sold.
when he took off
I didn't know it was Carl until he took off his hat.
Only..............................his hat did I recognise Carl.
not worth asking Bryan
Don't waste your time asking Bryan to come with us.
It's................................to come with us.
have told John the
Perhaps John heard the story from Pippa.
As long as I'm
Until they fire me as manager here, I'll run the company my way.
............................the boss, I'll run the company my way.
are being looked into by
The school's management are investigating allegations of teacher brutality.
Allegations of teacher brutality.......................the school's management.
can't have seen Mary
It's not possible that you saw Mary last night, she was with us!
You.................................last night, she was with us!
Despite the fact that it was
The beach was fun even though it was too cold.
...................................too cold, the beach was fun.
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