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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Causes of the Civil War
Terms in this set (12)
In the Missouri Compromise, what determined which states were free or slave states?
States north of the 31, 30 latitude line were free and south of the line slave
How did people in North and South view the Tariff of Abominations?
North supported it: they would get more money. South: hated it, would have to spend more money.
What was the WIlmot Proviso and what did it state in regards to slavery?
The Wilmot Proviso plan of 1846 stated neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of the territory. This plan did not pass congress. As a result of the Wilmot Proviso plan, there was a growing increase in sectionalism, states over national.
What are the 5 parts of the Compromise of 1850?
1. Cali is a free state
2. The rest of the Mexican Cession would be federal land. The territories of Utah and New Mexico are formed. In this territory, popular sovereignty would decide on slavery. In your own words, explain how this would work.
3. Texas gives up land East of the Rio Grande river. Government pays Texas debts.
4. Slave trade but not slavery ends in Washington D.C.
5. A more effective fugitive slave law would be passed (A crime to help runaway slaves and allowed officials to arrest those slaves in free areas).
What does popular sovereignty mean?
Popular sovereignty is when the people vote on an issue rather than congress.
Who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin, how did southerners respond to it and why?
Harriet Beecher Stowe. The southerners did not like the book and were angered by it.
What did the Kansas Nebraska Act do and how did it affect the balance of slave vs. free states? What did it lead to in Kansas?
Kansas and Nebraska would become states and slavery or free would decide by popular sovereignty. It divided the North and South even more, everyone rushed to Kansas to make it a free or slave state. This resulted in civil war in Kansas.
What happened in the Pottawatomie Massacre? Who is John Brown?
John Brown was an abolitionist (anti-slavery person) who tried to help slaves rebel against slaver. On the night of May 24, 1856, Brown and his killed five pro-slavery men in the Pottawatomie Massacre.
What happened in the Brooks/Sumner Attack and who did each of these men represent?
Charles Sumner, an anti-slave senator, insulted a relative of Preston Brooks, a pro-slavery Representative of Massachusetts, causing Brooks to march into the senate chambers and beat Sumner with a cane.
During the Lincoln-Douglas Debates, What did Douglas accuse Lincoln of wanting to do?
Wanted to get rid of slavery.
What happened in the Attack on Harper's Ferry and why was John Brown unsuccessful?
John Brown planned to attack a federal arsenal in Virginia on October 16, 1859 and seize the weapons in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. The attack failed, Brown was captured by Col. Robert E. Lee. and convicted of treason, murder, conspiracy, hanged on Dec. 2, 1859.
What happened in the Election of 1860? What did this election show the south? Who was the first state to succeed from the Union?
Lincoln is elected as the first Republican president. Lincoln didn't campaign in the south and didn't win any southern states, shows southerners they were losing National political power. South Carolina is first to leave the union.
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