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social studies part 1 M10 L1- M11 L2
Terms in this set (34)
in the late 1700s some Americans thought that the government was best managed by ________, property owning ______. Government policies seemed targeted to help build ___________ ___________. The result was a growing belief that the __________ were tightening their grip on _________.
wealthy, men, their power, wealthy, power
meeting which potential party selects it's presidential and vice presidential candidate
politicians practice of giving government jobs to their supporters
there were three main US regions in the early 1800s. What were they and how would you define them (economy/ viewpoints)
1. The North had a comedy based on trade and manufacturing
2. styles where is based on farming and had cash crops and high tariffs
3. West was emerging biggest priority was southern European angered some cheap land in international improvements
nickname given to the terrace by Southern's who oppose it
tariff of abominations
Who didn't like Tariff of abominations
belief that the power of the state should be greater than the power of the federal government
States right doctrine
a dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the constitution
The court decision of McCulloch v. Maryland determined that the national Bank was
The Indian territory was moving native to the land that is currently which US state
this was done under the authority of which act?
Oklahoma; Indian removal act
explain the struggles of the cherokee people
cherokee people started to assimilate to white culture. Then called for court and got thrown out and still had to write the trail of tears and relocate
800 mile force marched 1/4 died journey
trail of tears
why was New Orleans in the Mississippi important
major river (trade)
explain how the United States obtain the Louisiana purchase
Spain first owned it but then gave it to France France and secretly gave it to the US
what was the purpose of the Lewis and Clark expedition
explore the new land Jefferson wanted to learn about the west native Americans who live there and wanted to see if there was a river route that could be taken to the pacific ocean
The rush to the west occurred in part because of a hat explain
The high hats made water repellent beaver fur.
Man hired by eastern companies to trap animals for for in the Rockies in other western region of the United States
what other countries/nations made claim to the north west? how did the US deal with them
Britain Russia Spain in the US;
they made treaties which Spain and Russia gave up they are claims, also treaty with Britain allowing both countries to occupy Oregon country the Columbia river and surrounding lands
what were the issues and problems with the Oregon Trail
it cost a lot of money, people died, and rough weather in geographic barriers such as rivers and mountains sometimes force large numbers of pioneers to abandon their wagon, and disease
what issues did the travelers of the Santa Fe Trail experience? how did the government help?
Long trip across a blazing desert in rough mountains with dangerous;
protect traders by sending troops to ensure the Native Americans were not a threat
The geography of the west was it further changed by the developed an expansion of a large and successful ___________ ___________ that moved the west's ___________ ____________ to Eastern market. __________ and __________ where the most valuable _________ _______, and _________ __________ used the growing __________ _________ to bring these __________ ________ to the east.
railroad industry, natural resources, gold, silver, natural resources, mining companies, railroad network, precious metals
what lured thousands of miners to Nevada
The comstock lode
explain how the mining industry was hurting small time prospectors
they had expensive equipment large companies couldn't afford
why was the mining industry dangerous
they had unsafe equipment, worked in dark tunnels, and brethed hot stuffy air, poorly plant explosions, and fire.
where were the workers from the mining's coming from
all over the world
The values of cattle
three dollars to six dollars each in Texas, $38 in Kansas, $80 in New York
what are the factors that caused the collapse of the open range
The huge cattle herds on the planes had eaten most of the prairie grass, severe winters, had killed cattle
A message system on horseback it began to carry mail west
What put the Pony Express out of business?
A railroad that would cross the continent and connect the East to the West
Who did the transcontinental railroad hire
thousands of railroad workers Chinese and Irish immigrants
why did the US government help the transcontinental railroad? what did they want in return?
Congress had granted more than 13,000,000 acres of public land to railroad companies.
they wanted railroads to carry US mail and troops at lower cost
what was the goal of the great race?
complete the transcontinental railroad
summarize the results of the railroad
increase both economic growth in population in west, better transportation for the people in goods, sold land.
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