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Growth and Expansion (S.S.)
Terms in this set (34)
How did the U.S. initially gain the territory between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River?
The 1783 Treaty of Paris gave America its independence and the land between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River
How did the U.S. finally secure and settle the Northwest/Ohio River Valley after we won the land from Britain?
Through squatters, direct government land sales, sales of tracts, and state sales of land to veterans
What led to the settlement of Utah?
The transcontinental railroad being built.
What were towns called when they were being mined for gold and what were they called when all the gold was dried up?
Boom towns and Ghost towns
What led to a massive increase in population in California?
A huge gold rush
What 2 trails led people to California and New Mexico?
The Southern Emigrant trail and New Mexico
Why didn't we keep all of Mexico?
Because if we kept Mexico the Mexicans would have rioted against us and killed us
How did the U.S. force the surrender of Mexico?
Through the Mexican-American War
What sparked the war between the U.S. and Mexico?
A dispute over whether Texas ended at the Nueces River, belonged ti Mexico, or the Rio Grande that belonged to the U.S.
How did the U.S. acquire the California and New Mexico territories?
Mexico dropped communication with America and the U.S. sent someone to go and get the land for 3 million dollars. They said no, we had a war and got all that land.
What rules were immigrants in Texas supposed to follow?
Settlers were free of tithes and other taxes for 6 years and subject only to half payments for another 6 years. Families could import merchandise free of duty and tools and materials for their own use to the value of 2,000 dollars
What famous battle rallied many Texans to fight for independence against the Mexicans?
The battle of Alamo
How did the U.S. finally get the Oregon Territory?
Through the Oregon Treaty and Britaingot land above it.
How did the U.S. acquire Texas?
Congress decided to let Texas join after Texas won a war against Mexico
What 4 countries had claim to the Oregon Territory?
Spain, Great Britain, Russia, and the U.S.
Why were people willing to risk so much to travel the Oregon Trail?
Because they wanted a new, free life. They didn't have a good life before so it was either they risked their lives for a new life or they had a terrible time with their old home.
Industrialization led to the rise/growth in...
What allowed for greater expansion/travel west?
What invention helped fuel the industrial revolution and river travel west?
the steam engine
What two countries did most immigrants ome from during the 1st industrial revolution and why?
Great Britain and Ireland. The Irish had mainly came because of the potato famine and the U.S. had a growth in economy so they needed more laborers and they used the immigrants for help. The British came for religious freedom.
The industrial revolution made America...
Wealthier and have a greater population
What invention by Eli Whitney led to an increased demand for cotton and therefore an increase in slavery?
What was so controversial about the Louisiana Purchase that northern/federalist states threatened to secede or leave the U.S.?
Federalists didn't want another state because they didn't want more slave states
Who helped guide Lewis and Clark through most of their journet proving so valuable the trip may not have been a success without this person?
Who did Thomas Jefferson send to explore the Louisiana Territory?
Lewis and Clark
What did the Louisiana Purchase do to the size of the U.S.?
Why did the U.S. want the port of New Orleans?
Because New Orleans had the access to the Mississippi River which they wanted for transportation
Who did we buy the Louisiana territory from?
What native american tribe was forced out of Florida on the Trail of Tears?
The Eastern Woodlands Indians
What was the name of the Treaty that sold Florida to the U.S.?
The transcontinental treaty
Who did the U.S. buy Florida from?
What Supreme Court case decision did Andrew Jackson violate when he forcibly moved the Cherokee Indians to Oklahoma?
The Indian Removal Act
What Act, passed by Andrew Jackson, allowed the government to move Native Americans to Oklahoma?
The Alien and Sedition acts
How did the U.S. finally secure and settle the Southeast after we won the land from Britain? (Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee)
The federal government planned to remove the Cherokee and they fought back and then the court was asked by the Cherokee to protect their land from being seized by Georgia
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