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397 terms

SAT ENGLISH

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Numberless
too numerous to be counted
Immeasurable
beyond calculation or measure
Singular
Unique; extraordinary
Duplicity
contradictory doubleness of thought, speech or action, especially the belying of one's true intentions by deceptive words or actions
Apocryphal
Fictitious; of doubtful authenticity
Immutable
Unchanging
Marred
Made imperfect; spoiled; disfigured
Abject
Of a situation - extremely bad, unpleasant, and degrading; miserable, mean, vile, wretched
Futile
Serving no worthwhile purpose; frivolous
Inestimable
Too great or valuable to be properly measured
Implausible
Not Trustworthy or believable
Nebulous
Indistinct, vague
Myriad
An indefinitely large number
Fracas
Noisy dispute or quarrel
Imbibe
To drink
Infinitesimal
Too small to be measured
Incongruous
Lacking harmony or agreement; incompatible
Ensconce
To place comfortably, snuggly, or securely
Invaluable
Priceless; valuable beyond estimation
Melee
A confused struggle, esp, hand-to-hand fight among several people
Underscore
To emphasize
Downplay
Deemphasize
Reclamation
Restoration to use; recovery
Insuperable
Incapable of being surmounted or overcome
Eclectic
Composed of elements drawn from from various sources
Ambiguous
Inexplicable; Capable of being understood in two or more possible senses
Undermine
To weaken or ruin by degrees; to subvert or weaken insidiously
Ambivalent
Continual fluctuation; uncertainty as to which course to follow
Belie
To contradict; show the falsity of
Deleterious
Having an often obscure or unexpected harmful effect
Pernicious
Highly injurious, destructive; deadly often used with deleterious
Dichotomy
A division or process of dividing into two especially mutually exclusive or contradictory groups
Reticent
Inclined to be uncommunicative in speech; reserved
Skeptical
An attitude of doubt, disposition to incredulity; the synonym is: uncertainty
Cynical
Contemptuously distrustful of human nature or motives; belief that others at motivated by self interest
Facetious
Jocular, witty
Curtail
Shorten
Conflate
Merge/fuse
Verisimilitude
Something resembling the truth
Vapid
Lacking liveliness, tang, briskness or force; flat; insipid
Languor
Weakness or weariness of body or mind; listless indolence (laziness)
Diaphanous
Sheer; characterized by such fineness of texture as to permit seeing through; insubstantial
Euphemism
The substitution of a word or expression for one that may be offensive
Vitriolic
Virulence (ability to infect) of feeling or of speech; caustic (ability to burn) like oil of vitriol
Perfidy
Treachery
Inchoate
Being only partially in existence or operation
Vitiate
To make faulty, defective; to debase; to make ineffective
Ignominious
Marked by disgrace or shame; dishonorable; degrading
Vituperative
Uttering or given to censure (act of blaming or harsh criticism); containing verbal abuse
Rumination
Going over in the mind repeatedly; engaging in contemplation; pondering
Perspicacious
Very smart, perceptive, discerning; shrewd
Protean
Variable; readily
Promulgation
An announcement
Veracity; verity
Truthfulness, truth
Punctilious
Marked by or concerned with exact, precise accordance with conventions and behavior; careful
Superficial
Near the surface
Primordial
First created or developed: primeval; primitive
Machination
A scheming or crafty action; plotting or contriving
Eschew
To avoid habitually; shun
Vicissitude
Changes, the ups and downs as in life
Usurp
To seize and hold (as in place or power) in possession by force or wrongfully
Approbation
Approval
Vagary
An erratic, unpredictable action or notion; caprice
Raconteur
A storyteller
Anachronism
An error in chronology; a person or thing in the wrong time pace
Sacrosanct
Sacred
Obfuscate
To darken, make obscure; to confuse (as in a speech that is designed to make something confusing)
Plethora
Excess, superfluity
Abstruse
Difficult to comprehend
Esoteric
Of or relating to knowledge restricted to a small group; private
Byzantine
Labyrinthine (maze-like)
Desultory
Marked by lack of definite plan or purpose; random
Perfunctory
Mechanical; lacking in interest or enthusiasm; apathetic
Cursory
Rapidly and often superficially performed
Aspersion
Act of defamation (of character), malign, false accusation of an offense
Invective
An abusive expression or speech; insulting or abusive language; denunciatory
Remonstrate
To say or plead in protest, reproof or opposition
Inscrutable
Not readily investigated or interpreted; mysterious
Prolific
Producing a lot; fertile
Soporific
Causing sleep
Presumptuous
Overstepping due bounds; taking liberties
Sanctimonious
Hypocritically devout; affecting (acting) piety
Ethereal
Celestial, heavenly; lacking material substance marked by unusual delicacy or refinement
Equivocal
Uncertain; undecided
Sedulous
Diligent, hard working, assiduous
Irascible
Marked by hot temper and easily provoked anger
Disciminating
Making a distinction: distinguishing; discerning
Dogmatic
Something held as an established opinion, esp. a definite authoritative tenet
Imperious
Marked by arrogant assurance; commanding, domineering
Surreptitious
Done, made, or acquired by stealth; clandestine
Ostentatious
Showy; marked by conspicuous display
Obsequious
Subservient; exhibiting a servile attentiveness or complaisance
Complaisance
Disposition to please or comply; affability
Fecund
Fertile; fruitful in offspring or vegetation
Supercilious
Haughtily disdainful or contemptuous
Iconoclast
One who attacks tradition or orthodoxy
Demagogue
A leader who uses popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
Hedonist
One who loves pleasure
Recluse
A person who leads a secluded or solitary life
Maverick
A nonconformist; an independent individual
Benefactor
One who makes a gift or bequest
Charlatan
One who pretends to be an expert; a phony
Arbiter
A judge; a person with power to decide a dispute
Sycophant
A flatterer
Miser
A mean, grasping person, especially one who lives miserably to hoard his wealth
Philanthropist
One who works to promote human welfare; one who gives money for humanitarian purposes
Malefactor
One who breaks the law, a felon; one who does ill against another
Expatriate
One who lives in a foreign country
Ascetic
One who practices strict self-denial
Glutton
One who eats excessively
Altruist
A selfless person
Paragon
A model of excellence or virtue
Opportunist
One who takes advantage of opportunities, esp. with little regard for principles or consequences
Virtuoso
One who excels in the technique of an art, esp. a highly skilled musical performer; one skilled in the fine arts
Impostor
One who assumes identity or title not his own for the purpose of deception
Polemicist
One who aggressively attacks or refutes the opinions or principles of another
Pragmatist
One who is practical
Pundit
An authority, critic; one who gives opinions in an authoritative manner
Prevaricator
One who lies; one who deviates from the truth
Sage
A wise man
Toady
One who flatters; a sycophant
Zealot
A fanatical person; one who has fervor
Emissary
One sent on a mission as an agent of another
Adversary
An opponent
Ally
One that is associated with another as a helper; a sovereign or state associated with another by treaty or league
Muse
A source of inspiration
Protagonist
One who takes the leading part in a drama, novel, or story
Itinerant
A person who moves from place to place; a nomad
Nemesis
One that inflicts retribution or vengeance; a formidable and usually victorious rival or opponent
Dissenter
One that withholds assent (agreement); religious nonconformist
Censor
One who supervises conduct and morals, as an official who examines publications, films, tv shows for objectionable matter
Prodigy
A highly talented child; an extraordinary accomplishment, deed, or event
Misanthrope
One who hates or distrusts mankind
Pedant
One who parades his learning; one who is unimaginative or unduly emphasizes minutiae in the presentation or use of knowledge
Orator
One distinguished for his/her skill and power as a public speaker
Firebrand
One who creates unrest or strife; agitator
Curator
One who has the care and superintendence of something, such as a museum
Dilettante
A lover of the arts; one with superficial interest in an art of branch of knowledge
Dignitary
One who possesses exalted rank or holds a position of dignity or honor
Potentate
One who wields controlling power
Aesthete
One who loves beauty, esp. in art
Luminary
A person brilliantly outstanding in some respect
Curmudgeon
A crusty, ill-tempered and usually old man
Pariah
An outcast
Penitent
One who repents or shows remorse or contrition
Stoic
One apparently or professedly indifferent to pleasure or pain
Sybarite
Lover of luxury
Cerebral
Intellectual
Visceral
Connotes emotions, pertaining to internal organs (guts)
Munificent
Generous
Contentious
Argumentative, controversial
Sanguine
Cheerful
Indecorous
Lack of proper behavior (propriety)
Decorum
Propriety
Fastidious
Exacting, meticulous
Enervating
Worn out, tired
Illicit
Illegal
Nefarious
Wicked, evil (ex. nefarious dealings)
Truculent
Lethal, brutal, murderous
Innocuous
Harmless
Alacrity
Speedy enthusiasm (very enthusiastic)
Emergent
In the process of coming into being or becoming prominent
Expunge
To wipe out or destroy, erase, obliterate
Disavow
To deny any responsibility for
Obsequious
Obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
Incensed
To make very angry
Canonical
According to canon law
Berate
To scold or criticize (someone) angrily
Incontrovertible
Not able to be denied or disputed
Circuitous
Longer than the most direct way
Extrinsic
Not part of the essential nature of someone or something; coming or operating from the outside
Ardent
Enthusiastic or passionate
Affable
Friendly, goodnatured, easy to talk to
Vaunt
Boast or praise about something, esp. excessively
Beguile
To charm or enchant, esp. deceptively; to trick someone into doing something
Castigate
To reprimand someone severely
Exonerate
To release someone from blame for a fault or wrongdoing or from a duty or obligation
Tacit
Understood or implied without being stated
Temporal
Secular, relating to worldly as opposed to spiritual affairs; of or situated in the temples of the head
Prescient
Having knowledge of events before they take place
Filial
Of or pertaining to a son or daughter; obedience; denoting the generation(s) after the parental generation
Poignant
Evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret
Sporadic
Scattered; isolated; occurring at irregular intervals
Superfluous
Unnecessary, more than enough
Incontrovertible
Not able to be denied or disputed
Infallible
Never failing, always effective; incapable of making mistakes
Dispel
To make a feeling, doubt or belief disappear; drive something away
Vacillation
Hesitation, indecision in speech or action
Paradigm
A model, a typical example of something
Inure
Accustom someone to something, esp. unpleasant; to take effect
Abate
To cause something to become smaller and less intense
Reverberate
(Of a noise) Repeat several times like an echo; (of a place) to appear to vibrate or be disturbed because of a loud noise
Fetid
Smelling extremely unpleasant
Axiom
A statement or proposition that is regarded as being established, accepted, or self-evidently true
Recalcitrant
Having an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority; a person with such attitude
Indictment
A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime; the act of doing so
Censure
To criticize
Ineffable
Inexpressible in words
Conflagration
A large, destructive fire
Surly
Bad tempered and unfriendly
Wry
Using or expressing dry, mocking humor
Explicit
Speaking directly, so that nothing is or can be assumed
Inconspicuous
Not clearly visible or attracting attention
Sanguinary
Bloody
Consanguinity
Descended from the same ancestor; of the same blood
Corroborate
To confirm; support; strengthen
Collaborate
To work together
Willing
Favorably disposed or consenting; done cheerfully
Willful
Said or done deliberately or intentionally
Paradigm
A model or example
Paradox
A statement that is self-contradictory
Averse
Feeling dislike or reluctance
Adverse
Hostile; opposed
Impudent
Shamelessly bold, insolent
Imprudent
Lacking in judgment or caution; rash
Discreet
Prudent; careful about what one says or does
Discrete
Separate and distinct; unrelated
Elude
To avoid; evade
Allude
To refer to indirectly
Proscribe
To outlaw; prohibit
Prescribe
To set down as a rule or direction
Appraise
To estimate the value of
Apprise
To inform
Anomalous
Abnormal; irregular
Apathy
Lack of emotion; indifference
Atrophy
A wasting away or failure to grow
Inter
To bury
Infer
To conclude or deduce
Trenchant
Mentally sharp, shrewd
Malfeasance
Wrong-doing
Complacent
Self-satisfied, smug
Incisive
Shrewd
Rhapsody
Entranced state
Hackneyed
Trite, overused, cliche
Prosaic
Cliche
Paucity
Small quantity
Dirth
Paucity
Reprehensible
Something worthy of condemnation, bad
Magnanimous
Noble, Generous
Querulous
Fretful, Whining/Complaining
Proficient
Competent, skilled, expert
Globetrotter
person who travels regularly to countries all over the world
Verdant
Green with vegetation; unexperienced or unsophisticated
Wizened
Withered; shriveled up
Nascent
Beginning to exist or develop
Scintillate
To emit sparks; sparkle; flash; twinkle
Callow
Immature or inexperienced
Vacuous
Without contents, empty; lacking ideas or intelligence
Brazen
Shameless; made of brass; like brass
Complacent
Pleased, self-satisfied; w/o awareness of danger
Sardonic
Mocking, cynical, bitter or scornful
Resigned
Submissive; unhopeful
Contemptuous
Disdainful; scornful; showing contempt
Didactic
Instructive; lecturing others too much
Nonchalant
Indifferent, unconcerned
Unabashed
Not ashamed or embarrassed
Whimsical
Erratic; unpredictable; fanciful notions
Pathos
Evoking pity; compassion; quality; power in actual life experience
Gratuitous
Given; done; obtained without charge or payment; w/o reason
Recant
To withdraw, formally, a statement/opinion
Bemoan
To express distres or grief over/ lament
Requisite
Required or necessary for something
Vociferous
Clamorous; crying out noisily
Vindicative
Vengeful; revengeful
Affronted
To offend by open disrespect/ to confront/ to make ashamed/ confused
Advent
The beginning
Tangential
of superficial relevance if any
Subsidiary
an assistant subject to the authority or control of another
Incidental
Met by chance, nonessential
Impalpable
Intangible; difficult for mind to grasp
Itemize
List individual units/ parts of; list as a seperate part
Effrontery
Shameless boldness
Esculent
edible
Truckle
Submit or yield tamely
Tephra
Volcanic material from eruption
Conjecture
Inference; guesswork
Extrapolate
To infer or estimating known info
Insinuate
To imply or communicate stealthily
Lucid
Easily understood or clear
Epigram
A short, often satirical poem, ends with witty thought
Fractiousness
Unruly, irritable, quarrelsome
Quandary
state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
Digressia
Leaving the main subject
Disparage
To regard as being of little worth
Partisan
devoted to a cause or party
Reverent
showing great reverence for god
Substantiate
solidify, firm, or strengthen
Delineate
Show the origin
Prophetic
foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention
Wayward
Disobedient, unpredictable, opposite of desired
Depravity
Corruption morally
Juxtapose
Place or deal with close together to contrast
Conciliatory
Intended or likely to pacify
Impetuous
characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation
Disengenuousness
Not genuine, sincere or candid typically by pretending that knows more than actually knows
Decry
To publicly denounce
Antipathy
Hostility
Callous
Insensitive
Banal
Unoriginal
Baleful
Evil, malicious
Astute
Mentally sharp, perspicacious
Cathartic
Cleansing of the spirit, purge (Catharsis- Noun)
Transient
Fleeting, quickly, evanescent, ephemeral. (Transitory-Noun)
Olfactory
Sense of smell
Forthright
Honest, comes out with it
Intransigent
Adamant/ steadfast
Obdurate
Stubborn
Vainglorious
Boasting
Despondent
without or almost without hope
Deriding
(verb) to laugh at in scorn or contempt; scoff or jeer at; mock
Precocious
appearing or developing early
Estrangement
the feeling of being alienated from other people
Disseminate
cause to become widely known
Bucolic
a short descriptive poem of rural or pastoral life
Analogous
similar or correspondent in some respects though otherwise dissimilar
Urbane
notably polite or polished in behavior
Obstinacy
stubbornness
Unscrupulous
not honest/fair, having no moral principles
Concede
admit defeat or that something is true
Dirge
Somber song (appropriate at a funeral)
Discursive
digressing from subject to subject; of a speech - fluent and expansive, not formulaic or abbreviated
Squander
waste (something) in reckless manner; allow opportunity to be lost
Append
attach something as a supplement
Pith
Concise and forcibly expressive
Amplitude
Vibration
Folly
Foolishness, lack of good sense
Temparence
Moderation, self-restraint
Satire
Mocking another's weaknesses/sarcastic
Byword
a person that is an outstanding example or embodiment of something
Forthright
honest, up-front
Obdurate
Stubborn
Vainglory
Boasting
Intransient
Unwilling to compromise, adamant
Abhorrent
Inspiring disgust and loathing
Perverse
Contrary to the expected or accepted standard or practice
Deride
Express contempt for; ridicule
Lampoon
to satirize, parody
Elucidate
To clarify
Banal
unoriginal
Baleful
Evil, malicious
Diffidence
Lacking confidence
Consecration
To make holy
Material
Of relevance or importance
Voluble
Wordy, loquacious
Acrimonious
Bitter, sharp, ill-feeling
Mellifluous
Harmonious, pleasant to hear
Insolvent
bankrupt
Idiosyncratic
peculiar; eccentric; unique to an individual
Indomitable
Unconquerable
Expeditious
fast, speedy
Hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
Impetuosity
rash impulsiveness
Valor
the qualities of a hero or heroine
Substantiate
solidify, firm, or strengthen
Scrupulous
characterized by extreme care and great effort; having scruples - principles, right from wrong
Rambunctious
unruly; uncontrollable
Irreverent
showing lack of due respect or veneration
Debilitate
to weaken
Extant
still in existence
Tempered
adjusted or attuned by adding a counterbalancing element (criticism tempered with kindness)
Myopic
lacking foresight or scope
Dispatch
the act of sending off something; the property of being prompt and efficient
Dilatory
wasting time
Induction
entry into a group; an act that sets in motion some course of events; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles
Occlusion
the act of blocking
Amalgam
a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
Immersion
complete attention (n); the act of wetting something by submerging it
Circumscribed
Subjected to limits
Myopic
Shortsidedness
Dispatch
Send for a purpose; Done quickly and efficiently
Amalgam
A mixture or blend
Occlusion
The blocking of a vessel or organ
Vocation
An occupation; a body of people doing the same kind of work
Exclusive
not divided or shared with others
Apparition
the appearance of a ghostlike figure; an act of appearing or becoming visible unexpectedly
Concession
the act of conceding or yielding
Allusion
indirect reference
Erroneous
incorrect
Inconclusive
not conclusive (no conclusion)
Supposition
an uncertain belief
Credence
belief or trust
Irrefutable
impossible to deny or disprove
Profligacy
reckless wastefulness
Disrepute
disgrace; dishonor; the state of being held in low esteem
Mitigate
to alleviate; to calm (circumstances)
Ossified
Rigid
Politicized
More opinionated
Venerable
Honorable (venerate)
Bureaucratization
Transforming into rigid policies
Jingoism
Extreme Nationalism
Dispassion
composed, calm; not influenced by strong emotion
Irresolute
uncertain, undecided, undetermined
Perpetuate
To make something continue on indefinitely; eternalized, immortalized
Rectify
to correct
Sultry
of weather - hot, humid
Tempered
moderated, restrained; having a specified temper or disposition (ex. ill-tempered)
Convoluted
Extremely complex and difficult to follow