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The Supreme Court's Authority and Role

Terms in this set (28)

Coleman v Miller - Constitutional amendment process.
- The Court held that questions of how long a proposed amendment to the Constitution remained open to ratification and what effect a prior rejection had on subsequent ratification were issues for Congress to decide
- respect for co-equal branches and the need for finality and certainty in the action of the political branches

Luther v Borden - Guarantee of republican form of government.
- The D trespassed on the P's property because they said they were agents of the lawful government of Rhode Island. They said P was an insurrectionist, and RI was under martial law to defend itself from the active insurrection. The D said they were under orders to arrest the P.
- Competing claims for a lawful government; finality in the action of the political branches and respect for the co-equal branches

Goldwater v Carter - Treaty abrogation/withdrawal
- Senate role of treaty abrogation was declined to be decided by the Court. The Court said that the case involves the authority of the President and the conduct of our country's foreign relations, and was a dispute between the co-equal branches of government.

Nixon v U.S. - Impeachment Proceedings of a Federal Judge.
- a former chief judge of a federal court was convicted for making false statements before a federal grand jury and sentenced to prison. The House impeached, and a committee of Senators heard the case and the Senate convicted and removed him from office. The judge challenged the trial saying it was unconstitutional because he said he should have been tried by the body as a whole.
- textually demonstrable constitutional commitment to the House and Senate
- need for finality in the political branches