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Terms in this set (128)
Increase in the frequency, fluidity or volume of bowel movements.
What is the leading cause of GI illness in children less than 5 years?
Different types of diarrhea
Acute, chronic, intractable, nonspecific
failure to thrive
Children whose weight or rate of weight gain is significantly below that of comparably-aged children
Term that describes a cluster of concurrent symptoms
Manifestations of failure to thrive
Weight below 5th percentile
Sudden or rapid deceleration in growth curve
Delay in reaching developmental milestones
Decreased muscle mass
What can Failure to thrive be caused by?
Not mixing formula correctly
inflammation of the stomach and intestines
Common in kids less than 5
causes of gastroenteritis
Ingestion of infectious organism, poor hygiene, sanitation, contaminated food
Viral, bacterial, parasitic, fungal
Signs/symptoms of gastroenteritis
Change in Behavior
4 main causes of diarrhea
Clostridium Difficile- bacterial
Giardia Lamblia- parasitic
What is the most common cause of diarrhea in children younger than five years? Why does it target that age range?
The vaccine is 70% effective, but it cannot be given until 2 months, then is given in 3 increments every 2 months.
Signs/symptoms of rotavirus
Low grade fever
Copious amounts of watery, foul smelling diarrhea
Transmission is through fecal-oral
Watery diarrhea for 1-2 days
Antibiotics may worsen course
Avoid antimotility agents
What 2 drugs do you avoid giving to someone with an E.coli bacterial infection?
What contact precautions do you do differently for C.Difficile infections?
"Bleach and bubbles"
Wash hands only- sanitizer not enough
Use bleach to clean surfaces
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