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defines what work is or is not included in a project.
the scoring model
assigns weights to various features of a system and then calculates the weighted totals.
The methods of __________ attempt to measure the value of investing over a long-term time horizon.
Users and information systems specialists tend to have different backgrounds, interests, and priorities. This is this referred to as ________.
user-designer communications gap
what does a PERT chart do?
graphically depicts project tasks and their interrelationships. lists the specific activities that make up a project and the activities that must be completed before a specific activity can start.
A(n) __________ can be quantified and assigned a monetary value.
what is a portfolio analysis?
will best help management determine the optimal mix of investment risk and reward for the firm, balancing riskier high-reward projects with safer lower-reward ones.
Which of the following statements is true about the dimensions of project risk?
The level of project risk increases with the project size.
Every project is constrained by three fundamental factors: __________.
time, cost, and scope
formal planning tools
techniques for clarifying project activities and their corresponding start and completion dates as well as the timing and duration of different tasks in a development project.
A(n) __________ explains how a proposed system will affect organizational structure, attitudes, decision making, and operations.
organizational impact analysis
A(n) __________ is a planned series of related activities for achieving a specific business objective.
capital budgeting models
one of several techniques used to measure the value of investing in long-term capital investment projects.
implementation refers to ___
all organizational activities working toward the adoption, management, and routinization of an innovation, such as a new formation system
counterimplementation refers to ___
a deliberate strategy to thwart the implementation of an information system or an innovation in the organization.
_________ are a project management technique that links the work of the implementation team to that of users at all organizational levels.
external integration tools
There is a very high failure rate among projects involving __________.
mergers and acquisitions
__________ cannot be immediately quantified but may provide quantifiable benefits in the future.
project management activities include ____
planning the work, assessing risk, estimating resources required to accomplish the work, organizing the work, acquiring human and material resources, assigning tasks, directing activities, controlling task execution, reporting progress, and analyzing the results.
internal integration tools
a project management approach that ensures that the implementation team operates as a cohesive unit.
information systems plan
contains a statement of corporate goals and specifies how information technology will support the attainment of those goals.
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