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Government Unit 4: Linkage Institutions
Terms in this set (41)
•A - Aware of your rights and of the law
•C - Community Involvement & Service
•T - Take action to address problems
•I - Inform yourself of the issues
•V -Vote for people who reflect your beliefs
•E - Engaged in politics
Institutions that connect citizens to government. The mass media, interest groups, elections, and political parties are the four main linkage institutions.
organized groups that attempt to influence the government by electing their members to important government offices
A political system dominated by two major parties
The 3 Faces of a Political Party:
•(1) Voters who identify with a party
•(2) Politicians in Office who run on a party label
•(3) People who actually work for the political party (DNC & RNC).
the process by which political parties select their candidates for election to public office
Government action based on firm allegiance to a political party
support from both parties for policy, e.g., a bipartisan foreign policy.
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
a political party organized as an alternative to the major parties in a two-party system.
When a 3rd party candidate takes enough votes away from one of the main party candidates to make him/her lose the election. Ex., Ralph Nader & Green Party may have caused Al Gore to lose 2000 election to George Bush.
A voting district
the place where the voters who live in a certain precinct go to vote
election in which voters decide which of the candidates within a party will represent the party in the general election
election in which voters decide which candidates will actually fill elective public offices
Date of General Election
First Tuesday AFTER the first Monday in NOVEMBER of each EVEN numbered year.
A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide the platform. Iowa is most famous in presidential races because it is first.
a gathering of delegates who nominate a party's presidential candidate
the body of electors who formally elect the United States president and vice-president
Electoral votes per state
Electoral votes equal the number of Senate seats plus the number of a state's Representatives.
Total numbers of electoral votes
electoral votes needed to win presidency
270 out of 538 (majority)
a system in which the candidate with the most popular votes in a state gets all of the electoral votes from that state
organization of people who share political, social or other goals; and agree to try to influence public policy to achieve those goals.
Functions of Interest Groups
Represent membership, serving as a link a link with government. Provide information to government to promote their causes. Raise public awareness of their cause. Provide channels of political participation for their membership.
Forms of communication, such as TV, newspapers and radio, that reach millions of people.
The national media keep track of and help make political reputations by reporting on "winners and losers"
journalism that scrutinizes public and business institutions and publicizes perceived misconduct
Agenda setting of media
the power of the media to bring public attention to particular issues and problems
Political news coverage, traditionally found in the printed press, that is more fact-based, opposed to more interpretive narratives and commentary.
Media coverage that aims to entertain or shock, often through sensationalized reporting or by focusing on a candidate or politician's personality.
a brief, memorable comment that can easily be fit into news broadcasts
false information created to make money or entertain
Bias or slant in the selection of which news to report and how the news is reported.
information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas. It comes from the Latin meaning "against the man."
Appeal to Authority
A fallacy in which a speaker or writer seeks to persuade not by giving evidence but by appealing to the respect people have for a famous person or institution.
propaganda technique conveying that a candidate is a "regular" person, just like everyone else
an attempt to make the subject view a certain item in the same way as they view another item, to link the two in the subjects mind. -- associating a patriotic symbol with a candidate
A fallacy which assumes that because something is popular, it is therefore good, correct, or desirable.
propaganda technique using short phrases or words to promote positive feelings or emotions
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