Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
CPR DLA 22: Clinical Anatomy of Renal System
Terms in this set (36)
Be able to ID Kidney and related structures
In the Posterior view of Kidneys we can observe that the .... rib covers the Right kidney while the .... and ..... ribs cover the Left kidney?
11th -> because the right kidney sits a little lower than the left, due to the fact that the liver sits on top of the right kidney
11th and 12th
The Inferior aspect of the kidneys is related to what 3 muscles of the posterior abdomen (medial to lateral)?
1- Psoas major
2- Quadratus lumborum
3- Transversus abdominis
The Renal Hilum is a concavity located on the .... border of each kidney where structures enter and leave? It contains what 3 main structures?
1- Renal vein (most anterior)
2- Renal artery (and branches)
3- Pelvis of the Ureter
What are the 4 layers/covering surrounding the Kidneys from innermost to outermost?
1- Renal Capsule
2- Perinephric Fat
3- Renal Fascia (Gerota's)
4- Paranephric fat
The Renal capsule is tough .... connective tissue adhered to the ...? It also enters the renal .... and lines the renal ...? It is continuous with the connective tissue forming the walls of the .... and ....?
Enclosing the Capsule is a layer of extraperitoneal fat called the ... fat?- Enclosing this layer is a membranous condensation of the extraperiotneal fascia called the .... fascia?- Outside of this is another layer of fat called the .... fat?
Renal -> the adrenal gland is also enclosed by the renal fascia
The Adrenal gland is enclosed by what fascia?
The Renal Capsule directly covers the Renal .......?
The Renal ...... protects the kidney from Trauma and damage, it also penetrates the Renal ..... to form ..... that ..... the kidneys?
The Renal Cortex lies immediately beneath the renal ....? It extends inwards as the renal ...... between the renal ..... of the .... and contains ....?
The Renal Medulla is ..... in color and has a ..... appearance? It is composed of ... to ..... renal ....? - The apex of this is directed into the sinus as renal ....? - its surface is perforated by the ducts of ....?
The Hepatorenal recess is superior to the ... and posterior to the ...? Fluid in the abdomen will accumulate in this recess when the body is in ...? aka ....?
When is this investigated?
Pouch of Morrison
During a FAST (focused assessment with sonography for trauma) exam
This recess is the POTENTIAL space between the liver and the right kidney -> potential space, meaning that nothing should be in there... unless there is a pathology
The Sympathetic innervation to the Kidneys, Ureters and Bladder are derived from the .... and .... ..... splanchnics and ...... splanchnic nerves?
Ureters receive their innervation ....?
Lesser and Least Thoracic
The Renal plexus is formed from rami from Sympathetics from .... to ..... from what 4 ganglions/nerves?
1- Celiac ganglion and plexus
2- Aorticorenal ganglion
3- Lower (least) Thoracic splanchnic nerves
4- 1st Lumbar splanchnic nerve
The Renal plexus usually continues into the kidney around the renal ....? The Renal plexus gives rise to the .... and .... plexuses?
Sensory nerves (Visceral afferents) go back to the CNS with the ..... nerves? Most Renal nerves are ....?
Pain from Kidney stones (pain from ureters mainly) is commonly referred to what 5 areas?
2- Inguinal region
4- Scrotum/Labia majora
5- Upper thigh
the classic loin to groin type
Pain from the Ilioinguinal nerve radiates to skin over the ...., ...... and ..... areas?
Upper medial thigh
Pain from the Iliohypogastric nerve radiates to skin over the .... muscles, ...... or ..... nerves depending on the location of the kidney stone?
What is the pathway of Arterial Blood flow through the Kidney starting with the Renal artery?
What artery divides the cortex from the medulla?
Renal artery --> Segmental arteries --> Interlobar arteries --> Arcuate arteries --> Interlobular arteries --> Afferent arteries --> Glomerular capillaries
What is the pathway of Venous blood flow in the Kidney from the Glomerular capillaries?
Glomerular capillaries --> Efferent arterioles --> Peritubular capillaries and/or Vasa recta --> Interlobular veins --> Arcuate veins --> Interlobar veins --> Segmental veins --> Renal vein
The .... veins drain the kidney which eventually drain into the ....?
Inferior vena cava
The Left Renal vein is longer than the ..... and passes anterior to the ...? It drains the ....... vein and .... vein?
Right renal vein
The Right Renal Vein passes .... to the second part of the .... and head of the ...? It drains the .....?
What veins drain directly into the inferior vena cava?
The right suprarenal vein and the right gonadal vein
Lymphatics from the Kidneys drain into the left and right ..... lymph nodes?
Lumbar (aortic and caval)
Lymphatic drainage from the Upper ureter goes to the .... lymphatics or to the .... lymph nodes?
Lymphatic drainage from the Middle ureter goes to the ........ lymph nodes?
Lymphatic drainage from the Lower ureter goes to the ........, ...... and ..... lymph nodes?
Lymphatic drainage from the Pelvic Ureter and Bladder goes to the ..... lymph nodes?
The Suprarenal gland is supplied by what 3 arteries?- where do those arteries receive blood supply from?
1- Superior Suprarenal artery
- Inferior phrenic artery
2- Middle Suprarenal artery
3- Inferior Suprarenal artery
- Renal arteries
The Left Suprarenal vein drains into the .... while the Right Suprarenal vein drains into the ...?
Left Renal vein
Inferior Vena cava (IVC)
Innervation of Suprarenal glands
•Preganglionic sympathetic innervation to medulla from T10- L1 spinal segment ( celiac plexus and abdominopelvic splanchnic nerves). Pass through sympathetic ganglia without synapsing and enter the suprarenal gland to supply the chromaffin cells in the medulla)
Lymphatic drainage from the Suprarenal glands go to the ..... nodes?
Vessels of the Suprarenal gland
What could the left renal vein be compressed by?
? --> Left Gonadal vein
The left renal vein could be compressed by the aorta (posterior to the L. renal vein) and the superior mesenteric (anterior to the L. renal vein)
-If this happens, blood backs up into the suprarenal and Left gonadal veins and the left kidney
Recommended textbook explanations
Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology
Michelle Provost-Craig, Susan J. Hall, William C. Rose
Anatomy and Physiology
Connect Anatomy and Physiology with LearnSmart for Hole's Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology
David N. Shier, Jackie L. Butler, Ricki Lewis
Essentials of Human Anatomy and Physiology, Books a la Carte Plus MasteringA&P
Elaine N. Marieb
Sets found in the same folder
CPR DLA 19: Pulmonary Circulation
Histology - Urinary System
Serum protein disorders
CPR DLA 18: Airflow and Airways
Sets with similar terms
FAB Session 17
Unit 8: Trachea, Lungs and posterior mediastinum
Gross Lecture 10 (Thoracic Cavity)
KYCOM 2020 block II posterior Abdominal wall diaph…
Other sets by this creator
Lecture 31 - Ocular reflexes
NB Lecture 30: Auditory System
NB Lecture 29: Gross Anatomy and Develop…