Ekman Transport the change in wind direction with altitude caused by the varying effect of surface friction
Thermohaline Circulation the global, density-driven circulation of the oceans
Upwelling an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-deplete surface water.
Gyres a circular or spiral motion, especially a circular ocean current.
Specific Heat Capacity the amount of heat, measured in calories, required to raise one gram of a substance by one Celsius degree.